2. Organizational Influences and Project Life Cycle – A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), Fifth Edition



Projects and project management take place in an environment that is broader than that of the project itself. Understanding this broader context helps ensure that work is carried out in alignment with the organization's goals and managed in accordance with the organization's established practices. This section describes how organizational influences affect the methods used for staffing, managing, and executing the project. It discusses the influence of stakeholders on the project and its governance, the project team's structure and membership, and different approaches to the phasing and relationship of activities within the project's life cycle. The following major sections are addressed:

2.1 Organizational Influences on Project Management

2.2 Project Stakeholders and Governance

2.3 Project Team

2.4 Project Life Cycle