Appendix 1 with additional information on the work experience and further influences of the 50 designers – I Used to Be a Design Student

APPENDIX 1

ANDREAS GNASS (U9 VISUELLE ALLIANZ)

EDUCATION: Darmstadt (D), Hochschule Darmstadt, Diplom (Dipl.-Des. FH), Kommunikations-Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Mies van der Rohe / Hanns Malte Meyer MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Uncountable ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Travelling DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Vinyl / Vinyl and some pieces of art

ANDREW STEVENS (GRAPHIC THOUGHT FACILITY)

EDUCATION: Sheffield (UK), Sheffield College, Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech), Graphic Design / Leeds (UK), Leeds Polytechnic, Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed in own company PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Always GTF DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: No

ANNELYS DE VET

EDUCATION: Utrecht (NL), HKU Hogeschool voor de Kunsten, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Graphic Design / Amsterdam (NL), Sandberg Instituut, Master of Arts (M.A.), Design and Fine Arts / Melbourne (AU), RMIT, Sculpture department, artist in residence ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed

ANTÓNIO SILVEIRA GOMES (BARBARA SAYS…PROJECTO PRÓPRIO)

EDUCATION: Lisbon (PT), Faculdade de Belas Artes da Universidade de Lisboa (FBAUL), Communication Design / Lisbon (PT), Faculdade de Arquitectura Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Post-graduate in Design, Communication Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Superstudio (Continuous Monument), Archizoom (mostly sci-fi architecture) / R. Buckminster Fuller (Dymaxion House and ‘Bucky Balls’), Didier Fiuza Faustino (One Square Meter House and Stairway to Heaven) MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: John Zorn, Sprung aus den Wolken, His Name is Alive / John Cage, Gyorgy Ligeti, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Memorize The Sky, Les Troubadours du roi Baudouin – Missa Luba, The Books – The Lemon of Pink ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/ NOW: Robin Fior (Graphic designer, teacher and critic of Portuguese graphic design), Rigo 23 (Portuguese-born American artist), Paulo Ramalho (graphic designer and colleague teacher) DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: No / Rare books, ency-clopedias and dictionaries of all sorts

BEN BRANAGAN

EDUCATION: Kingston (UK), Kingston University, Foundation Studies, Art & Design / Brighton (UK), University of Brighton, Bachelor of Arts (B. A. Hons) Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Art & Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Sea Design, Thomas.Matthews MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Can (Tago Mago) / Robert Waytt, Bill Drummond (45) ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Idle afternoons with my friends Owen and Dan, Tutors: Frank Philipin (see also p. 256), Daniel Eatock (see also pp. 58–61), David Crowley, Andrzej Klimowski / Going to the park DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Records / Books

BERND HILPERT (UNIT-DESIGN)

EDUCATION: Darmstadt (D), Hochschule Darmstadt, Diplom (Dipl.-Des. FH) / Paris (F), ENSCI Les Ateliers, year studying abroad ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Managing director/partner in my own limited company PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: One employment and different engage-ments as freelancer ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Architecture always inspired me most. Archigram, Jean Nouvel, Frei Otto, Dominique Perrault, Bernard Tschumi, Herzog & de Meuron, Ingenhoven, OMA (Rem Koolhaas), MVRDV, Sanaa, Wandel Hoefer Lorch, Meixner Schlüter Wendt and many others. MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Electronic music, still ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: I admire the perfection and clearness I find in nature’s work DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: A collection of different design pieces / Collections on several issues – my source for research and inspiration PIECES OF DESIGN THAT INFLUENCE YOU NOW: Every day I see designs that have an effect on my projects. Now, I’m influenced by everyday objects, like an old wooden camping table from Romania (which can be packed very small!), a ceramic vase found in a ‘brocante’ in France, a Japanese lacquer painting, my old Caran d’Ache fixpencil, French tourist maps of the early 1930s (printed as lithography), a stone with a wonderful decor of lichens, …)

BRIAN WEBB (WEBB & WEBB DESIGN)

EDUCATION: Liverpool (UK), Liverpool College of Art, Intermediate Technical Illustration, Pre Diploma / Canterbury (UK), Canterbury College of Art, Dip. AD ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Trickett and Webb 1971–2003, Derek Forsyth Partnership 1969–71, Michael Tucker4 and Associates 1967–69 ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Frank Lloyd Wright, I. K. Brunel MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: 1930s Blues singers, Bob Dylan ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Edward Hughes at Canterbury, who introduced design as a problem-solving process / Lynn Trickett, we worked and argued together for 30 years DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/ NOW?: Ephemera, printed stuff, books / More expensive versions of the same

CHRISTIAN HEUSSER (EQUIPO)

EDUCATION: Basel (CH), Hochschule für Gestaltung und Kunst Basel, Visual Communication, Visueller Gestalter FH (Visual Designer FH) ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed in my own design studio with my partners Roman Schnyder and Dirk Koy PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Büro für Kommunikationsdesign, Basel ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Mies van der Rohe / Ted Mosby MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Massive Attack (Unfinished Sympathy) / Idris Muhammad (Could Heaven Ever Be Like This) ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Gregory Vines, one of the best teachers I ever had / Other designers around me, in my own studio or from different small studios in Basel DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Records (vinyl) / Many more records WHAT DO YOU DISLIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: That my own ego still gets in the way when dealing with clients – it is difficult not to consider the project as one’s own artistic expression, instead having to put the clients’ considerations first – the problem of sometimes being more of an artist than a provider of services

DANIEL EATOCK

EDUCATION: Ravensbourne (UK), Ravensbourne College of Design and Communication, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.) Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (USA) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Bedsit flat / Lacaton & Vassal MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Nirvana, Camper Van Beethoven ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Rupert Bassett / Richard Torchia DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Books / Books

DANIJELA DJOKIC (PROJEKTTRIANGLE)

EDUCATION: Schwäbisch Gmünd (D), Hochschule für Gestaltung, Diplom-Designer (Dipl.-Des), Communication Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor at Fachhochschule Potsdam (D)) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tadao Ando / Erhardt+Bottega, Peter Zumthor MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Grandmaster Flash, Prince, George Clinton, etc. / The same now ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Prof. Peter Vogt, Prof. Frank Zebner / Prof. Boris Müller, Prof. Frank Heidmann DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: No / Colors magazine

EMMI SALONEN (STUDIO EMMI)

EDUCATION: Brighton (UK), University of Brighton, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tadao Ando MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Le Tigre, Gossip & The Locust / Gladiators, Gyptian & others DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Notebooks

ÉRIC & MARIE GASPAR (ÉRICANDMARIE)

EDUCATION: Lyon (F) (both), Martinière-Terreaux, BTS (Brevet de Technicien Supérieur), Visual Communication / Paris (F) (Marie only), ESAG (Ecole supérieure de design, d’art graphique et d’architecture intérieure), Foundation / Paris (F) (Eric only), Olivier de Serres, DSAA (Diplôme Supérieur en Arts Appliqués) / London (UK) (both), Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Graphic Design / London (UK) (both), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Art & Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Herzog & de Meuron / Alvaro Siza MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: The American minimalists of the 1970s (Philip Glass, Meredith Monk, John Cage…) / Late 19th-century French composers (Debussy, Ravel, Satie…) ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN: Geoff Fowle, Al Rees

FONS HICKMANN (FONS HICKMANN M23)

EDUCATION: Düsseldorf (D), Fachhochschule Düsseldorf, Photography and Communication Design / Wuppertal (D), Heinrich Heine Universität, Aesthetics and Media Theory ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor at Universität der Künste Berlin, (D)) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Football pitches / Parking lots MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Beatles (White Album) / Archives DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/ NOW?: Slips / Eggcups

HANS DIETER REICHERT (HDR VISUAL COMMUNICATION)

EDUCATION: Iserlohn Letmathe (D), apprenticeship as a compositor / Dortmund (D), Fachhochschule für Gestaltung / Essen (D), Universität-Gesamthochschule Essen and Wuppertal, Communication Design, Vor-Diplom / Basel (CH), Allgemeine Gewerbeschule Basel, Grafik Design / London (UK), University of the Arts, London College of Communication, Media and Production Design, Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) / London (UK), University for the Creative Arts (UCA), Visual Communication, Master of Arts (M.A. Honorary Degree) ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Total Design bv. (Amsterdam), BRS maatschap van vormgevers bv (Amsterdam), Banks and Miles (London, Hamburg, Brussels), Consultant to UCA (University for the Creative Arts) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Walter Gropius, Mart Stam, Max Bill, Frank Lloyd Wright, Alvar Aalto, Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier / Norman Foster, Renzo Piano, Shigeru Ban, Tony Fretton, Michael Hopkins, Peter Zumthor, Bernard Tschumi, Will Alsop, Herzog & de Meuron MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Hannes Wader, Konstantin Wecker, Marius Müller-Westernhagen, Santana, Randy Crawford, Eric Clapton, Leonard Cohen, Neil Young, Bob Dylan, Bob Marley, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, Kraftwerk, UFO / Coldplay, Lonnie Donegan, Keith Jarrett, Lee Morgan, Ry Cooder, Gorillaz, Jackson Browne, James Taylor, Company Segundo, Sarod Maestro Amjad Ali Khan, Al di Meola, George Benson, Weather Report, Joni Mitchell, Astrud Gilberto, Stan Getz, Ali Farka Touré, B. B. King, Thelonious Monk, John Coltrane, Charlie Parker, Louis Armstrong, Youssou N’Dour, Tinariwen, Errol Garner, Lou Reed, Capercaillie (Scottish Gaelic folk music), Dubliners ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Music, nature, Dutch and English design, Willy Fleckhaus, fellow students, Brian Grimbley, Anthony Froshaug, Günter Gerhard Lange, Adrain Frutiger, 8vo / Nature, music, film, environment, Internet, Michael Twyman, Alan Fletcher DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Magazines, music tapes and records / Music CDs, books, printed ephemera, posters, prints, tools DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCE YOU NOW: Jan Tschichold, Dieter Rams, Anthony Froshaug, Otl Aicher, Helmut Schmid, Derek Birdsall, Irma Boom, North, Harry Beck, Paul Lohse, Wolfgang Schmidt, Paul Rand, Jost Hochuli

HOLGER JACOBS (MIND DESIGN)

EDUCATION: Cologne (D), Universität Köln, Linguistics and Philosophy / Essen (D), University of Essen, Pre-Diploma, Communication Design / London (UK), Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design, Bachelor of Arts (B. A. Hons), Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Visiting Professor of Typography at the Fachhochschule Düsseldorf (D)) PREVIOUS EMPLOY-MENT: Art director at a publishing company in Tokyo (JP) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Modernist buildings / Art Deco buildings MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Sex Pistols ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: I was reading a lot about linguistics and poststructuralism. Japan, the culture and the writing system became a big influence even though I did not visit the country until after graduation / Our client Tom Dixon inspired me to explore different materials and to consider the production process as an essential part of the design DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Fonts (I printed a specs sheet for every font I had on my computer), cassette tapes from the 1980s / Still fonts (but I lost the overview), ridiculously cute Japanese stationery, rare bicycle parts HOW DO/ DID YOU DEVELOP/RESEARCH AN IDEA THEN/NOW?: I spent a lot of time in the library while in college. Projects were long and complex and research was everything. I even got my first (and only) job when I met the publisher of one of the books I used a lot in my research / I still do research but more sporadically and there is no systematic approach or strategy behind it. I learned to trust sudden inspiration that can come from anywhere. Usually I walk around with the brief in my head for a while and see what happens. I do not believe that there is only one best ‘solution’ to a brief that evolves as a logical conclusion from research. A more personal and random approach may scare the client, but often produces more original results

HOON KIM (WHY NOT SMILE)

EDUCATION: Providence (USA), Rhode Island School of Design, Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A), Graphic Design / Seoul (KR), Seoul National University, Bachelor of Fine Arts (B. F. A.), Visual Communication Design / Providence (USA), Brown University, Teaching Certificate ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOY MENT: Museum of Modern Art – MoMA (New York, USA), Practise (London, UK) (see also pp. 98–101), Crosspoint (Seoul, KR), Imagedrome (Seoul, KR), Samsung Design Membership (Seoul, KR) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Maya Lin / Yoshiharu Tsukamoto and Momoyo Kaijima (Atelier Bow-Wow), Brooklyn Bridge DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: I collected flight sick bags and still do / I like to pick up random small pieces of paper making patterns on the street HOW DID/DO YOU DEVELOP/RESEARCH AN IDEA THEN/NOW?:I used to research related fields to gain a good understanding between those and graphic design. In addition, both the positive and negative feedback of colleagues and teachers was always helpful to keep on the right track. How to screen a lot of information is up to the student’s ability – I have learned that through various projects / Basically, clients and co-workers develop an idea together. I still study related disciplines by reading books and Googling to avoid assumptions that might lead to nonsense outcomes

HYOUN YOUL JOE (HEY JOE)

EDUCATION: Seoul (KR), Dankook University, B. F. A., Visual Communication Design / New Haven (USA), Yale University, M. F. A., Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOY -MENT: None DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Graphic designers’ works / Flyers, cards, product packages, and lots of graphic design stuff that I found on the street. WOULD YOU STILL HAVE BECOME A DESIGNER IF YOU KNEW WHAT YOU KNOW NOW?: Yes, I am enjoying what I am doing now. Actually, I wanted to be an artist and still have a desire to be an artist since artists have their own voice, while most of a graphic designer’s job focuses on form and creating the container for contents than on creating their own voice. Nonetheless, I feel that I enjoy making form, no matter what the form is for DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Anh Graphics, Doosup Kim, Helmut Schmid, Hong Design, Image & Imagination, Kohei Sugiura, Matsuda Yukimasa, Sangsoo Ahn, S/O Project, Strike-Communication, Sulki & Min, Vi-nyl, Wolfgang Weingart, Workroom / Antoni Muntadas, Daniel Eatock (see pp. 58–61), Daniel Harding & Tomas Celizna, Daniel van der Velden, Experimental Jetset, Hans Gremmen, Helmut Smits, Lehni-Trüb (see pp. 214–217), Mevis en Van Deursen, Na Kim, Min Oh, Julia Born, Karel Martens, Paul Elliman, Sara De Bondt, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Sulki & Min, Roel Wouters, Workroom

ISABELLE SWIDERSKI (SEVEN25)

EDUCATION: Ottawa (CA), La Cité Collégiale, Foundation, Graphic Design / Vancouver (CA), Emily Carr Institute of Art + Design, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Communication Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Employed by my own studio (with two other employees) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Not so much / Rem Koolhaas, Zaha Hadid MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/ NOW: ABBA to Yazz, Madonna to Danny Tenaglia with a dash of jazz / Armin Van Buuren to Beethoven, 2Pac to The Script to Gaga ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: My somewhat culturally mixed childhood (Canada and France) / Teaching design & studying film DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Music CDs / Cameras (analogue)

JAMES GOGGIN (PRACTISE)

EDUCATION: Pontypridd (UK), Mid Glamorgan Centre for Art & Design, Diploma in Foundation Studies, Art & Design) / London (UK), Ravensbourne College of Design & Communication, Bachelor of Arts (B. A. Hons), Visual Communication / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed (1999–2010), employed (2009–2012). Currently Design Director at Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (USA) PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Werkplaats Typografie (Arnhem, NL), ECAL – Ecole cantonale d’art de Lausanne (CH) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Rem Koolhaas (OMA), Foreign Office Architects, Caruso St. John, Archigram / Louis Kahn, Alison & Peter Smithson, Denys Lasdun, James Stirling, David Kohn, Cedric Price, 6a Architects, SANAA, Walter Netsch, Tony Fretton, Sergison Bates MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Kraftwerk, Yo La Tengo, Pavement, St. Etienne, Wu-Tang Clan, Pan Sonic, Carsten Nicolai, Ryoji Ikeda, The Pastels, among others / The above, plus labels more than specific musicians: Stones Throw, Häpna, Kranky, Rune Grammofon, Geographic, Hyperdub, R&S, Wax Trax, among others ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Cultural studies, anthropology, Japan, colour theory, cartography / Politics, critical theory, environmentalism DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Stencils, snowglobes / Stencils, books, art WHAT WOULD YOU DO TODAY IF YOU STOPPED DESIGNING?: I would just read all day. I don’t think I’ll stop designing, but I often think about finding a different system in which to operate as a designer, outside of the studio/client/designer model. My move to a museum is one step in this quest. DESIGNERS WHO INFLUENCED YOU THEN: Charles & Ray Eames, Michael Marriott, Karel Martens, Graphic Thought Facility (see also pp. 30–33), Ettore Sottsass, Mevis & Van Deursen, Ikko Tanaka, Scott King ARTISTS/WORKS OF ART THAT INFLUENCE YOU NOW: See then (p. 242), plus a seemingly infinite list that could include Nathan Coley, Dora García, Leonor Antunes, Tauba Auerbach, Simon Starling, Martin Boyce, Goshka Macuga, John Baldessari, Wallace Berman, Michelangelo Pistoletto

JAN WILKER (KARLSSONWILKER)

EDUCATION: Stuttgart (D), Staatliche Akademie der Bildenen Künste, Diplom, Graphic-Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Two intern -ships during design school (Jung von Matt, Sagmeister Inc. (see also pp. 202– 205), no other previous employment MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Putte & Edgar, Queens of the Stone Age / Caribou, DJ Koze ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: The people who are close to me

JULIE GAYARD (JUTOJO)

EDUCATION: London (UK), Chelsea College Of Art, Foundation Studies, Art & Design / London (UK), Camberwell College Of Arts, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Visual Communication / London (UK), Royal College Of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Grapic Design, not completed ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Archigram / Treehouses MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Massive Attack, Portishead, Mo’ Wax Records, Beastie Boys, Sonic Youth, Stereolab (all for the music AND the artwork) and many more / Sonic Youth, Stereolab, Honest Johns Records (for the music AND the artwork), Moondog and many more ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/ NOW: Friends who were studying with me (Ed Gill, Vassilis Marmatakis, Christina Christoforou, Clare Shilland, Dana Levy, Will Bankhead) and some of their influences (skateboarding and graffiti), my father Patrice Gayard (art director in the 1970s in Paris), tutor Scott King / Still the same as then and some contemporaries and studios in Berlin, London, Holland DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Records HOW DO YOU RESEARCH/ DEVELOP AN IDEA NOW?: Talking to the client about the product and its context. Writing, drawing in a sketchbook, researching on the Internet. Trying out typefaces. Talking to the printer about unusual ways of making things – within the restrictions of the budget

KAI VON RABENAU (MONO.GRAPHIE)

EDUCATION: London (UK), Camberwell College of Arts, Foundation / London (UK), Central Saint Martins, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication, Art & Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Always self-employed ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Herzog & de Meuron, Peter Zumthor MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Autechre, Nine Inch Nails, Radiohead / Carsten Nicolai, Talk Talk, Nine Inch Nails ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Travel DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: No / Magazines and photography books

KEN GARLAND

EDUCATION: London (UK), John Cass College, National Diploma Art & Design (NDAD) / London (UK), Central School of Arts & Crafts, National Diploma Art & Design (NDAD), Central Dipl. ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Too many to list ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Royal Festival Hall MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Rolling Stones ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Jesse Collins and Anthony Froshaug

KIRSTY CARTER (A PRACTICE FOR EVERYDAY LIFE)

EDUCATION: Cambridge (UK), Cambridge Regional College, Foundation Diploma, Art & Design / Brighton (UK), College: University of Brighton, Bachelor of Arts (B. A. Hons), Graphic Design / Nagoya (JP), Nagoya University of Arts (NUA), 6-month scholarship during University of Brighton, Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Art & Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Only ever worked for myself, started A Practice for Everyday Life straight after college GENERAL COMMENT ON ALL THE QUESTIONS ABOUT INFLUENCES: Writing down influences is very difficult, as there are so many influences over time and things/people that I read/saw/or listened to many years ago that still influence me now. I tried to choose just one person/thing per question to keep my answers short, but endless books, writers, buildings, artists and musicians influence me ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Eames House (Case Study House No. 8) by Charles & Ray Eames / The Hepworth Wakefield by David Chipperfield. It’s difficult to think of any other building that has influenced our studio so much (we even drew a typeface for it!); he was a client and is also a fantastic architect MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Blur (The Universal) and Pulp (Common People). I was a teenager growing up in England in the 1990s; these are the two most influential bands of my generation. These two songs would make it into my eight Desert Island Discs (Desert Island Discs is a long-running BBC Radio 4 programme, first broadcast on 29 January 1942. Each week, a guest, or ‘castaway’, is asked to choose eight pieces of music, a book and a luxury item for their imaginary stay on the island, while discussing their lives and the reasons for their choices. In the studio, the six members of A Practice for Everyday Life prepared their own ‘Desert Island Discs’). I spend a lot of time in Gothenburg in Sweden, and Fever Ray’s (aka Karin Drejer Andersoon) music is part of this city. I went to see her at a concert in Brixton last year. That might have been the best concert I have ever been to – incredible stage set, lights and odd lyrics. ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Emma Thomas (fellow student) at the Royal College / Emma Thomas (my partner in A Practice for Everyday Life) – she is and will always be my biggest influence DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: I think every designer is a collector; I have lots of collections of sorts tucked away in boxes or on my shelves. Though I must say, I am not a hoarder – the people in my studio get a little annoyed with me, as I am always trying to chuck things out. I don’t like mess or chaos and things can eventually weigh you down. I don’t own many possessions; what I do own is carefully considered. This has always been the same YOUR FAVOURED MODE OF TRANSPORT THEN: In Brighton, I lived a stone’s throw away from the university where I studied, and I walked every morning along the seafront. I couldn’t think of a nicer place to study; it was such a perfect place to study and a lot of fun. During my studies at the Royal College, I lived in East London and cycled 6 miles every day across central London, day in, day out, in all weathers; I can’t say I enjoyed it. I love cycling and it is always my first chosen form of transport, but that journey was hard WOULD YOU STILL HAVE BECOME A DESIGNER IF YOU KNEW WHAT YOU KNOW NOW?: Yes! I love being a designer; anyway, I am not very good at anything else, other subjects at school were quite a struggle; art and design were subjects I was very good at at school. My parents are not in creative industries, but their interest grew when they realized they had a little aspiring artist as their daughter and took me to museums and galleries from an early age HOURS SPENT DESIGNING PER DAY THEN/NOW: I think about design and our projects all the time, it’s an enormous part of my life, which I am sure is the case for most designers. In terms of physical brain-storming, making, meetings and managing the studio, I would say I work 65 hours a week. The way I work hasn’t changed since I was a student – I was very dedicated and hard-working, I worked similar hours HOW DID/DO YOU DEVELOP/RESEARCH AN IDEA THEN/NOW?: Research is key to a successful project or idea; we spend a great deal of time doing it, whether it’s a trip to the British Library or a visit to the Barbara Hepworth Garden in St. Ives, time and research is absolutely essential. This hasn’t changed since I was a student; I feel my design process has been exactly the same for 13 years (since starting my degree); the only thing that has changed is that there is a client now

KRISTINE MATTHEWS (STUDIO MATTHEWS)

EDUCATION: Seattle (USA), University of Washington, Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F. A), Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Assistant Professor in Visual Communication Design, University of Washington, Seattle (USA)) PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: thomas.matthews (London, UK) – founder and joint-director, Royal College of Art (London, UK), The Traver Company (Seattle, USA), Edquist Design (Seattle USA) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Charles & Ray Eames, Herzog & de Meuron / Tom Kundig, Alan Kitching (Olson Kundig Architects), Rem Koolhaas, Weiss/Manfredi (landscape architects of Seattle’s Olympic Sculpture Park), Oskar Shindler, Neutra MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Liz Phair, Pixies, Cake/Matthew Herbert, The Dodos, and I still listen to Yo La Tengo, Pavement and Bell Helicopter ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Living in London, on a course with 25 students from 18 different countries / Teaching design at a university with faculties from all different backgrounds

LARS HARMSEN (MAGMA BRAND DESIGN)

EDUCATION: Saarbrücken (D), Werbe-agentur M&D, Vocational Training in Prepress Repro / Basel (CH), Kunst-gewerbeschule Basel, I left the college before the end of the first year / Pforzheim (D), Hochschule Pforzheim, Diplom-Designer (Dipl.-Des.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor at Fachhochschule Dortmund (D)) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Frank Gehry / Peter Zumthor MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: David Bowie, Pavement, Primal Scream, Style Council, Jane’s Addiction, Prince, some heavy metal… / Coldplay, Moby, electronic stuff,… and all the music I loved to hear when I was a student ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Travelling DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Old keys / Passports and identities WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: Working with the people in my studio; I am very happy to have such great partners – Uli Weiß and Florian Gaertner. Making things happen, having ideas and trying to make them work, that’s what we do all day WOULD YOU STILL HAVE BECOME A DESIGNER IF YOU KNEW WHAT YOU KNOW NOW?: No, I don’t think so. My dream was to be a bush pilot. Seriously. But at that time you had to go into the army to be a pilot. I did my civilian service – I was and am still a militant anti-militarist. Now I am a designer, I love to travel, looking for the unexpected. I hate to make plans when I travel

LAURENT LACOUR (HAUSER LACOUR)

EDUCATION: Offenbach am Main (D), Hochschule für Gestaltung (HFG), Diploma (Dipl.-Designer), Visual Communication ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed by my own studio and employed (Professor at Fachhochschule Düsseldorf (D)) PREVIOUS EMPLOY-MENT: Freelance for Intégral Ruedi Baur (CH/D/F), Heine/Lenz/Zizka (D), Surface (D) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Herzog & de Meuron / Alvar Aalto MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: J. S. Bach / Chilly Gonzales ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Brazilian culture / Modern artists like Tobias Rehberger, Thomas Zipp DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Stickers, sea shells, gemstones (all then, as a child)

LIZA ENEBEIS (STUDIO DUMBAR)

EDUCATION: Paris (F), Parsons School of Design, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Communication Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Both PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Pentagram (London, UK) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Luis Barragan, Le Corbusier, Zaha Hadid, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Zumthor ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Everything and everyone DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/ NOW?: Yes – I collect books on all sorts of topics: bibles, Snoopy, flowerarranging, street maps, atlases, primitive art, design, photography, etiquette. And I still keep my old discontinued collections from my childhood such as sugar bags, rocks, match boxes, stamps, coins, stationery, napkins, erasers, pencils, stuffed animals

LUCINDA NEWTON-DUNN (SPACE-TO-THINK)

EDUCATION: London (UK), London Guildhall University, Sir John Cass Faculty of Arts, BTEC Diploma Foundation Studies, Art & Design / London (UK), Camberwell College of Arts, Bachelor of Arts Joint Honours Degree (B. A. Hons), Graphics/Fine Art / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: I have worked freelance pretty much ever since college, starting at Ralph Appelbaum Associates (London, UK), then continuing to work in graphic design, photography, moving image and printed textiles, for various clients in England, Tokyo and the USA ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tadao Ando / Japanese traditional architecture, modernist and mid-century modern architecture MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Interested in some more experimental ideas from artists such as John Cage. Various classical music and Ninja Tunes, Bjork, The Cardigans / I don’t make much time for music these days. I mostly listen to radio programmes on KCRW/public radio, and still enjoy a bit of classical and the choice selection of music I hear my husband play ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: My family, friends, some tutors, environments, museums / Being a parent, my husband, children’s play and toys such as Naef and Galt (1970s) etc., Japanese culture, fashion, design blogs, environments, interiors, mid-century modern furniture DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Collections of found objects usually off the street, collections of my photos and small sketchbooks / Collections of paper offcuts, small plastic objects, fabrics, tenugui (printed Japanese cotton towels), a catalogue of endless photos I shoot from day to day. No art or design collection yet, apart from many art and design books and magazines and a few interesting posters WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: I truly love what I do and it comes from the core, so the fact that I have the opportunity to express myself and make beautiful things is amazing. I love the explorative process and I love that I can take things I notice in everyday life and filter them into my work. I enjoy balancing working within design boundaries and the challenge of answering a brief, with work that retains a certain amount of creative freedom. This is where I sit on the fence between being an artist and being a designer WHAT DO YOU DISLIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: I dislike that I cannot easily separate my work from my day-to-day life, which can be an emotional strain. Design is often undervalued and generally badly paid. Also working on the more ‘arty’ side of design doesn’t pay off businesswise! HOW DID/DO YOU DEVELOP/ RESEARCH AN IDEA?: Pretty much the same process creatively then and now – it varies from project to project, but basically I strip a brief down to the basics, look up literal meanings, try to view something from a different angle. Write notes and diagrams, go off on tangents and come back again. Try to move away from the computer and get hands-on with things (recently with drawing and using collage), even when it takes me back to a digital output. I take lots of photos and go through my catalogue of photographs for inspiration, colour and composition references. Now I am more aware of working with the client and their needs and making compromises, so a lot of development comes from dicussion. More research is required now into production – how, where and cost, etc. DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN: No particular influences. I’ve always been inspired by a general mixture of styles and approaches. Names that come to mind: Josef Müller-Brockmann, John Maeda, Graphic Thought Facility (see also pp. 30–33)

MAKI SUZUKI (ÅBÄKE)

EDUCATION: Paris (F), École supérieure d’arts graphiques et d’architecture intérieure (ESAG), Foundation course / Paris (F), École nationale supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (EnsAD), Bachelor of Arts (B. A.) / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Art & Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed as part of a partnership of 4 people ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Archigram, Tadao Ando / R&sie MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Pretty Hate Machine, Trent Reznor / Kurt Cobain, still ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: I can’t remember / Andy Kaufman, Thor Heyerdahl, Emile Ajar, David Attenborough, Subcomandante Marcos DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Records, comics, art ephemera / Tautological objects or things that are errors or aberrations YOUR FAVOURITE FOOD THEN: Being French and being a vegetarian was a national joke… Studying at the Royal College of Art (London, UK) where many cosmopolitan truths collide, I met Glaswegian and Swedish non-meat eaters who proved me wrong and I have been pescetarian since ARTISTS/ WORKS OF ART THAT INFLUENCE YOU: Today the people we work with influence us: Aurélien Froment, Ryan Gander, Benoit Maire, Johanna Billing. Someone we have not worked with but shared a residency with and understood the brilliance of: Jean-Luc Moulène

MARC VAN DER HEIJDE (STUDIO DUMBAR)

EDUCATION: Breda (NL), Academy of Art and Design St. Joost, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Barlock (The Hague, NL), Total Design (Brussels, BE), NS Design (Utrecht, NL) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Frank Lloyd Wright, The Jewish Museum in Berlin by Daniel Libeskind MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/ NOW: Richard Strauss (Vier letzte Lieder), Jessye Norman, Nick Drake (Five Leaves Left) ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Close friends and colleagues have always been the biggest influence on me – logically, as these are the people you spend most of your time with. But also because the things we discuss really matter, they go deep DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: During my studies, I started a classical music collection that has become quite extensive over the years. It now covers a range of nine centuries of music. I also love books about typography and lettering HOW DID/DO YOU DEVELOP/ RESEARCH AN IDEA?: There is no one way. You might want to approach an idea from a visual angle, or very much from a textual one (to deliberately avoid starting with images). In the end, the way you start is not even the most important issue. Keeping an open mind throughout is much more the key to good development or research. Mind-mapping can provide some structure, without the danger of restrictions PIECES OF DESIGN THAT INFLUENCED YOU: Within the context of the student work (see p. 148) I have selected the typographical posters of Ton Homburg (Opera) for the Apollohuis Eindhoven. Two examples of his work are part of the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Not his best pieces I think, but it is difficult to find better images from that period. That’s a shame, because he made beautiful stuff that captured experimental music in typography

MARGARET CALVERT

EDUCATION: London (UK), Chelsea College of Art, National Design Diploma (NDD), Illustration ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Joined Jock Kinneir (London, UK) immediately after completing my NDD course at Chelsea School of Art, in the late 1950s. Worked on the signing system for Britain’s new motorways, soon to be followed by the entire network. The partnership continued through the 1960s, focusing on more signing systems and corporate identities. Kinneir Calvert Tuhill was formed in 1971. Since Jock Kinneir’s retirement, I have worked independently ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Pirelli Building, Milan, I (Gio Ponti) / St Pancras London, UK (Gilbert Scott) DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Only memories and objects relating to them HOW DO YOU DEVELOP/RESEARCH AN IDEA?: I start with the idea, then follow through with research, if applicable; usually within my own head, depending on the project. Eventually however, I check something out; it could be the meaning of a word, an image in a book, or information on the Internet

MARION FINK

EDUCATION: Würzburg (D) Fachhochschule Würzburg, Architecture (1 year) / Schwäbisch Gmünd (D), Hochschule für Gestaltung, Visual Communication, Diploma (Dipl.-Designer) / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Employed (Professor at Basel School of Design, CH) with temporary additional freelance projects PREVIOUS EMPLOY-MENT: Pentagram (London, UK), Meta Design (Berlin, D), KMS Team (Munich, D) MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Philip Glass, Depeche Mode, Nightmares on Wax, Archive, Urbs, Nouvelle Vague, Coco Rosie, Ryuichi Sakamoto

MARTIN LORENZ (TWOPOINTS.NET)

EDUCATION: Darmstadt (D), Hochschule Darmstadt, Diplom-Designer (Dipl.-Des. FH), Visual Communication) / The Hague (NL), Royal Academy of Arts, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Graphic- and Typographic Design / Barcelona (ES), Universitat de Barcelona, Master of Arts (M. A.), Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed CURRENT AND/OR PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Partner at Constructing Communication (Barcelona, ES), lecturer at Elisava Design School (Barcelona, ES), editor at The One Weekend Book Series (Barcelona, ES), guest lecturer at Hochschule für Künste Bremen (D), guest lecturer at Willem de Kooning Academie (Rotterdam, NL), lecturer at IED Barcelona (ES), lecturer at IDEP Institut Superior de Disseny (Barcelona, ES), creative director at Hort (Berlin, D) GENERAL COMMENT ON ALL THE QUESTIONS WITHIN THE BOOK ABOUT INFLUENCES: I never really thought any designer was THE influence for me, but it would be dumb to say that there aren’t any influences. Growing as a designer means a daily struggle with rules and ideas – the rules established by others and yourself. During studying, the strongest influences are teachers and colleagues, who are influenced by others too. In the pre-Internet era, during which I studied, local design tradition still played an important role. So I guess I am pretty much influenced by the post-Ulm, post-Basel and contemporary Dutch design, instead of being influenced by any particular designer, piece of design, book, artist, architect, film, TV, director, musician or album. ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Mies van der Rohe / Hannes Meyer MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Camp Lo / Gonja Sufi ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Sandra Hoffmann (see pp. 194–197), Christian Pfestorf, Petr van Blokland, Peter Verheul, Michel Hoogervoorst,… I am sure I am forgetting many DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Comic and vinyl collection/ Comic, book and vinyl collection WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: There is no clear definition of what a designer does, so everyone can find their own approach, which means one can create his/her own profession within the boundaries of the needs of the market of visual communication WHAT DO YOU DISLIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: There is no clear definition of what a designer does, so nearly everyone can work as a designer. Designers selling themselves under what they are worth and offering visual make-up instead of communication mislead about what society generally expects of design and a designer. I often wish designers and society would be more demanding

MATTHIAS GÖRLICH (STUDIO MATTHIAS GÖRLICH)

EDUCATION: Darmstadt (D), Hochschule Darmstadt, Diplom Kommunikations designer (Dipl.-Des. FH), Visual Communication / Zurich (CH), Zürcher Hochschule der Künste (ZHdK), Institute for Design Research (Design2context), Master of Advanced Studies (M. A.), Design Research ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed as a researcher (Design2 context, Zurich (CH)) PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Kram/Weisshaar (Stockholm, SE) and as a freelancer for unit-design (Offenbach, D), Ade Hauser Lacour (Frankfurt am Main, D), Eclat (Zurich, CH) among others. But basically I started my own practice while studying design ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Most of my friends at that time were architecture students and I was influenced by discussions about the contemporary Swiss and Dutch architecture scene. I was especially intrigued by Rem Koolhaas’ work with OMA as it pushed the boundaries of architecture and also integrated design / I am very interested in all the DIY building concepts from the 1970s. But also contemporary work by people like Jesko Fezer, Arno Brandlhuber et al. MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: I can’t really tell if music has any impact or influence on my work. I like listening to music, but very rarely while working. Maybe music is too much of a personal thing for me to escape to, instead of having it around me while working ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: For me there is no then/now here. People like Prof. Dr. Uli Bohnen, former Professor of Design History at the Hochschule Darmstad, certainly influenced me a lot because he was never talking about ‘design history’ but always painting a bigger picture where design plays a role in society and where it has responsibilities. Travelling now is a big influence; meeting people with a different cultural background and experience often opens my eyes to new things DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Visual stuff I came across when travelling / The collection continued and was enhanced by a collection of historic design books WHAT WOULD YOU DO TODAY IF YOU STOPPED DESIGNING?: I would most probably do something like selling books (although my problem is that I would rather keep them than sell them). But after working with Urban Planners for the last few years, I became really interested in their understanding of design, so maybe I would work in a different field of design instead of stopping designing HOW DID/DO YOU DEVELOP/RESEARCH AN IDEA?: Then and now is pretty much the same process. I like to rethink the process, for example by starting with something purely visual and developing the idea around that, or by doing it the other way around, or I might only work on a project in the evening, or on the road. The tempo of the process is a lot faster now, though DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCE YOU NOW: There are some designers who I respect for their approach e.g. Urs Lehni for rethinking the idea of a cultural institution or David Reinfurt for extending the field of design and Enzo Mari’s approach to do-it-yourself design, etc. AUTHORS/BOOKS THAT INFLUENCE YOU: Certainly Tomás Maldonado (Umwelt und Revolte) and some other more theoretical books that deal with a broader understanding of design. Strangely, today the books that I really like to flip through are mostly photography books, e.g. Peter Menzel (Material World, The Family of Man) – awfully designed, but the content is extremely interesting

MICHAEL GEORGIOU (G DESIGN STUDIO)

EDUCATION: Athens (GR), Vakalo College of Art & Design, Graphic Design/ London (UK), London College of Printing, Higher National Diploma (HND), Typographic studies ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Both self-employed and employed (lecturer at Vakalo College of Art & Design, Athens) ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Folk art, Art Deco, Bauhaus / Folk art, MNP, Sara Fanelli, Adrian Shaughnessy DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Rubbers / Ducks

NIKKI GONNISSEN (THONIK)

EDUCATION: Utrecht (NL), Hogeschool voor de Kunsten Utrecht, Bachelor of Art (B.A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Le Corbusier: (Ronchamps) / MVRDV: Wozoko’s (we commissioned MVRDV to build our studio in 2000), John Kormeling (eccentric and radical) MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: I don’t know where to start / Different genres ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Asmat, Papua New Guinea. I went there for three months in 1996 / Still as then WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: The fact that I can go deeply into a specific subject for a relatively short period of time. The whole proces from listening, analyzing, concepualizing, design, implementation and getting it into the world. To engage with certain projects. It is about sharing values. Content and context are important to me ARTISTS/WORKS OF ART THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Claes Oldenburg (his giant objects and soft sculptures like hamburgers, but also knees as statues); Wim T. Schippers (Going To The Dogs – a play with only dogs in it; people were watching dogs barking and peeing for two hours); Jan Hoet (Chambres d’Amis – the first exhibition of art in people’s homes in Gent (BE)); John Baldessari for his use of photos and signs, playing with context; Yayoi Kusama (1960s, happenings, orgies, performances, comments on society), Sol LeWitt for his conceptional form follows function; Piplotti Rist; Emily Kngwarreye

OLIVER KLIMPEL (BUERO INTERNATIONAL LONDON)

EDUCATION: Leipzig (D), Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst, Diploma (Dipl.-Designer), Graphic & Book-Design / London (UK), Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design, Post-graduate Diploma (PgDip), Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Communication Art and Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor at Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig (D)) PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Coop Himmelblau, John Hejduk, Le Corbusier / Lina Bo Bardi, Cedric Price MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tortoise, Stereolab, German electronica = music for graphic designers + Flaming Lips, etc. / Music for more mature graphic designer + Brian Ferry + Japan + Animal Collective, etc. ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/ NOW: Four teachers I’m very happy to have met. Gabriele Kreutzmann, my German teacher at A-levels (Gymnasium) who brought real thinking and debate to the subject of language, literature and ideas – an eye-opener. Hildegard Korger, tutor for Lettering at Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig: an amazingly meticulous and inspirational craftswoman! Günter Bose, tutor for Typography at Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig, who introduced me to the idea of discourse within typography and graphic design. Al Rees, researcher/tutor in Film at the Royal College of Art, London (UK) – not so much of a direct influence as a teacher or confidante but someone who brought a previously unknown world (structural filmmaking) to my attention DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/ NOW?: This is touching a nerve: 1) Besides a traditional idea of collecting meaningful finds and inspirational material it has become more common in recent years also for graphic designers to work with a model of the archive as a system for storing their own and foreign material and using it methodically 2) But: all the work I had done throughout my college education and had kept, and many books and magazines, were lost in the severe flooding of 2002 in Dresden (D), since I had stored it in the basement of my parents’ house. I tend not to be sentimental, but it is moments like this – when asked about college stuff and collections – that I wish that at least a few things had survived… Therefore I didn’t have too many works I had done as a student to choose from… HOW DO YOU DEVELOP/RESEARCH AN IDEA NOW?: I’ve recently tried to do more speculative work and read more, pursue less result-driven things. That’s what my teaching post seems to suggest and allows me to do now. At least I think so. Before it was just project after project. We become victims of our moderate success quickly: you get more work and have more projects to juggle and less time for looking and playing around

PAUL BARNES

EDUCATION: Reading (UK), University of Reading, Bachelor of Arts (B.A. Hons), Typography & Graphic Communication ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Roger Black Inc. (New York, USA), Spin magazine (New York, USA) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Rietveld Schröder House, Utrecht (NL) by Gerrit Rietveld / Georgian architecture and industrial architecture MUSICIANS/ ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/ NOW: The Sound of Young Scotland, Kraftwerk, David Bowie, Joy Division and many others DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Books / Still books, particularly Insel Verlag (now Suhrkamp Verlag) DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN: Jan Tschichold, Charles Collett, Robert and George Stephenson, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Paul Rand, Max Bill, Hermann Eidenbenz, Peter Saville and my tutor, Paul Stiff. Too many to mention, really

PREM KRISHNAMURTHY (PROJECT PROJECTS)

EDUCATION: New Haven (USA), Yale College, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Fine Arts – concentration on Graphic Design and photography / Berlin (D), Freie Universität, semester abroad, Comparative Literature and Philosophy / Dresden (D), Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden, Performance Studies and Industrial Design History, Fulbright Fellowship ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Leonardi.Wollein, Berlin (D), New York Times Magazine, New York (USA), O-R-G, Inc., New York (USA) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Paul Rudolph, Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas / Peter Zumthor, Herzog & de Meuron, WORKac MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Radiohead, John Coltrane, Tricky, Björk, Bill Evans / Vampire Weekend, Dirty Projectors, Van Morrison, Cookies, Sleigh Bells ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Paul Elliman, John Gambell, Matthew Carter, Rita Jules, Randall Hoyt, Tamara Sussman / My business partners (Adam Michaels & Rob Giampietro) and our employees (Chris Wu, Chris McCaddon, Marina Kitchen) DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Stamped US pennies from tourist locations / Only my books

RENATA GRAW (PLURAL)

EDUCATION: Chicago, University of Illinois at Chicago, Master of Fine Arts (M. F. A.), Graphic Design / Rio de Janeiro, Pontificia Universidade Católica (PUC-RIO), Bachelor of Fine Arts (B. F.A), Industrial Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Freelance, Brand Image (Chicago, USA) / McMillan Associates (USA) / Ana Couto Design (BR) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Oscar Niemeyer, Tadao Ando, Renzo Piano, Herzog & de Meuron, OMA, Mies van der Rohe, Eero Saarinen, Buckminster Fuller MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Brazilian music: Jõao Gilberto, Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Os Mutantes, mixed in with: Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Miles Davis, Wynton Marsalis, Sonny Rollins and others. Although we pretty much listen to all kinds of music in the studio now, from African beats to classical ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: My uncle Ricardo Bacha; he was a psychiatrist and amateur photographer in Brazil. He used to show me art books and we discussed art and philosophy during family gatherings DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: I have never had a collection, although I have a lot of books DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tibor Kalman, Wolfgang Weingart, Piet Zwart, Stefan Sagmeister, Karel Martens, Wim Crouwel, Emil Ruder, Pierre Mendell, Max Bill, Paul Rand, Saul Bass, Paula Scher, Cassandre, Karl Gerstner, Michael C. Place & The Designers Republic / Ludovic Balland, Daniel Eatock (see also p. 58–61), James Goggin (see also p. 98–101), Armand Mevis, Maureen Mooren, Leonardo Sonnoli, Willi Kunz, Geoff McFetridge, Non-Format, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Dexter Sinister, Sonnenzimmer, Cybu Richli + Fabienne Burri, the list goes on… PIECES OF DESIGN THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN: I remember the moment I decided to go back and study graphic design for my Masters. I was in Switzerland taking a workshop with Weingart for the summer of 2005 and he showed us a book by one of his students – Philip Burton. That one book changed my whole perspective on what design could be. At that moment in my life I learned graphic design is really a platform to express the world visually. We, as designers, have the opportunity to create new images, and new forms of presenting and interpreting the world

RICHARD WALKER (KK OUTLET/KESSELSKRAMER)

EDUCATION: Cambridge (UK), Regional College, Foundation / London (UK), Camberwell College of Arts, Bachelor of Arts (B. A. Hons), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Red Square editing (London, UK), I.D magazine (London, UK), Simple Productions (London, UK), Mother (London, UK), KesselsKramer (Amsterdam, NL), Fallon (London, UK), Weiden and Kennedy (London, UK), Weiden and Kennedy (Amsterdam, NL) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Not sure how a building can influence you. The job centre in Peckham was influential in getting me a place on a QuarkXpress evening course / I like The Gherkin (London, UK) by Norman Foster MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Having an opinion about music at college was very important. Finding bands that were new and good really mattered. The actual music was a bit secondary. I used to like a band called The Makeup at college. I also sided with Blur during the Oasis vs. Blur question / These days I listen to whatever gets played at work. Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros are worth a listen ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Scott King was my tutor at Camberwell College. I still see him and still rate him as one of the more relevant artists of our generation / The people who influence me now are the people I work with DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: I have a massive record collection YOUR MOST VALUED POSSESSION NOW: I have an original May ’68 poster. It’s the one with the riot policeman holding a baton. I love it but it has a big SS symbol on the shield. My wife won’t have it in the house. I’ve tried explaining that it’s actually very anti-fascist, but I see her point HOW OLD WERE YOU WHEN YOU FIRST THOUGHT OF BECOMING A DESIGNER?: I was 24 – I bumped into an old college friend of mine who was wearing a suit and carrying a portfolio. It looked like he was doing very well. He was in fact coming back from an interview at an ad agency. He didn’t get the job but we got talking and he explained that it was easier to get the sort of job he was after if he was in a creative team. He suggested we started working together and we started arguing over who would be the copywriter and who would be the art director. I won the argument and that’s when I got the official label. before that I wanted to be a film director. Before that I was a trainee butcher with Dewhurst’s in Royston DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: I think the biggest influences were the people I used to hang out with or share a flat with. Record covers have always been a great influence too. As I got a bit more interested in design I started buying record sleeves for the designers and not really the music. I’ve never been a fan of New Order but I am a fan of Peter Saville and began looking at the other work he made. That got me into other music, which got me into other designers, and so on. When I was at college I was a fan of Fluxus. I liked the fact that there was a concept in the design and it was always quite funny. They demystified art and I liked the fact that it was a collective. I also thought that Tomato were really cool. They felt culturally relevant, as they had just done the title sequence for the film Trainspotting. My knowledge of graphic design up until then was quite traditional and clean. Tomato looked like they got their hands dirty / These days my influences haven’t really changed – I think you form an opinion about art and music and stuff very early on. Those are the things that help shape your taste, which in turn forms your visual personality and design outlook on life. You then take what you like from the world that fits into those taste parameters. The parameters just get bigger ARTISTS/WORKS OF ART THAT INFLUENCED YOU: The South London Gallery was next to college so I got to see a lot of Young British Artists. I think I was fascinated by how much some of this work was being sold for. Before I went to college my sense of modern art came from books like The Shock of the New – all very much out of reach. At Camberwell College, at that time, you could go to the pub and see artists that were making waves in the art world propping up the bar. It became within your reach, which for an art student was very inspiring

SANDRA HOFFMANN ROBBIANI (VISUAL STUDIES)

EDUCATION: Vancouver (CAN), Capilano College, Diploma, Graphic Arts / Basel (CH), Schule für Gestaltung, post-graduate, Graphic Design / Zurich (CH), Hochschule der Künste, Executive Masters, Cultural Studies in Art, Design and Media / Zürich (CH), Hochschule der Künste/Plymouth University (UK), PhD (Candidate), Z-Node Planetary Collegium, Institute of Cultural Studies in the Arts (in progress) ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor of Typography at Hochschule Darmstadt (D) ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tadao Ando, Atelier 5, B.C. Binning, A. Erickson, Buckminster Fuller, Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, Herzog & de Meuron, Karl Moser, Luigi Snozzi, Livio Vacchini / Various MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Barbara, my Baroqueoboe-playing roommate / Ousel blackbirds (Amsel) ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Flight YOUR MOST VALUED POSSESSION THEN: A toolbox with instruments (Swann-Morton scalpel, marble, roller, Caran d’Ache pens and pencils, Racher typometre, calculating scale, Falzbein, Cementit, Kern compasses, mink paintbrushes, loupe, Juwel stapler, Prismacolor pencil crayons, Gedess pencil sharpener, bulldog clips, magnets, Omega Reissnagel drawing-pins, hole punch, stamp pad and letter stamps, technograph 777 pencils, gyro compass, burnisher, green masking tape, brown paper tape, Post-its, Minox, coloured stones, Klebeband from EPA, Pelikan plaka, sketchbooks from Rebetez, Knetgummi, Ilford canisters…) HOW OLD WERE YOU WHEN YOU FIRST THOUGHT OF BECOMING A DESIGNER?: 7 – it was then when I locked myself in the bathroom until my mother promised to drive me across the scary intersection to an afternoon drawing class DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN: Hans Arp, H.C. Berann, Donald Wills Douglas, W. A. Dwiggins, Karl Gerstner, April Greiman, Kurt Hauert, John Heartfield, Ernst Heinkel, Josef Hoffmann, Armin Hofmann, Howard Hughes, Eduard Imhof, Edward Johnston, Otto Lilienthal, Hans-Rudolf Lutz, Herbert Matter, Willy Messerschmitt, Reginald Joseph Mitchell, Stanley Morison, Bruno Munari, Paul Rand, Paul Renner, Niklaus Stoecklin, Ladislav Sutnar, Jan Tschichold, Wolfgang Weingart, Piet Zwart, et al. AUTHORS/ BOOKS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Hugo Ball, Simone de Beauvoir, John Berger, Friedrich Duerrenmatt, Eugen Gomringer, James Joyce, Birgit Kempker, R.D. Laing, Louis L’Amour, Edgar Allan Poe, Antoine de Saint-Exupèry, Susan Sontag, Gertrude Stein / John Langshaw Austin, Simon Baron-Cohen, Lewis Carroll, Emily Carr, Angela Carter, Michel Foucault, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Dieter Mersch, Laurie Petrou, V.S. Ramachandran, Eva Schuermann, Mary Wollstonecraft, Ludwig Wittgenstein FILMS/DIRECTORS THAT INFLUENCE YOU NOW: Das gefrorene Herz (Xavier Koller), Hoehenfeuer (Fredi M. Murer), Women without Men (Shirin Neshat), Beresina oder Die letzten Tage der Schweiz (Daniel Schmid), My Life Without Me (Isabel Coixet), My Winnipeg (Guy Maddin), films by Michael Haneke

SASCHA LOBE (L2M3)

EDUCATION: Hochschule Pforzheim (Germany), Diplom-Designer (Dipl.-Des.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor at Hochschule für Gestaltung Offenbach (D)) PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None GENERAL COMMENT ON ALL THE ANSWERS GIVEN ON THE SUBJECT OF INFLUENCES THEN/NOW WITHIN THIS BOOK: Everything I like influences me. Everything I don’t like doesn’t influence me. But it’s difficult to distinguish between things that motivate you and influence your thoughts, and things that are formal, stylistic influences. So in that respect I can’t really distin guish between things that have fundamentally changed my work and things that merely reflect my interests. All of the names that I give here were/are points of reference for me and ‘cut to the core’ of my interests ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Mies van der Rohe, Giò Ponti, Carlo Scarpa / David Chipperfield, SANAA, Valerio Olgiati, Herzog & de Meuron MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Mozart, Miles Davis, Pixies, Tom Waits, Portishead, Beastie Boys, Beck / Bach, Andreas Scholl, Françoise Hardy, Helge Schneider, The White Stripes, Adele, The Avett Brothers, Ezra Furman – music is too fast, ask me tomorrow and I’ll write down different ones… ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: My girlfriend / My wife DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Music, books / Books, music

STEFAN SAGMEISTER (SAGMEISTER INC.)

EDUCATION: Vienna (AT), Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien, Bachelor of Art (B. A.) / New York (USA), Pratt Institute, Master of Arts (M. A.) ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Guenther Domenig / Herzog & de Meuron MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: King Crimson / Sigur Rós

SVEN VOELKER (SVEN VOELKER STUDIO)

EDUCATION: Bremen (D), Hochschule für Künste, Diplom-Designer (Dipl.-Designer) / London (UK), Middlesex University, Master of Arts (M.A.) ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor at Kunsthochschule Halle (D)) PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: Imagination (London, UK), Plex (Berlin (D)), Professor at Hochschule für Gestaltung Karlsruhe (D) ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Tadao Ando, Rem Koolhaas / SANAA MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Metalheadz, Under -world, Björk / Manu Katche, Maximo Park, Underworld DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: A matchbox car collection / I have a beautiful collection of posters by the New York artist Lawrence Weiner. Apart from that I own a strange but large collection of pictures and objects from various and very different epochs for which I haven’t found a curatorial thread yet WHAT DO YOU DISLIKE ABOUT WORKING AS A DESIGNER?: It’s very difficult to enter the hermetically sealed area of art. I don’t mean to design the catalogues or posters for museums or galleries, that’s boring, but for a designer who is the author of his own work to publish, exhibit or sell art. Art for me is as interesting as big corporate companies for whom I worked. To combine these two areas of practice without using a pseudonym isn’t easy at all

TIM BALAAM (HYPERKIT)

EDUCATION: Ipswich (UK), Suffolk College, B-Tech, General Art and Design / London (UK), Camberwell College of Arts, Bachelor of Arts (B. A. Hons), Graphic Design / London (UK), Royal College of Art, Master of Arts (M. A.), Graphic Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Director of own company CURRENT AND/OR PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Rem Koolhaas / MVRDV MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Beastie Boys / Squarepusher ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Anything and everything / Kate, my wife and Hyperkit co-founder DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/NOW?: Examples of information graphics / Digital photographs of construction site furniture HOW DO YOU DEVELOP/ RESEARCH AN IDEA NOW?: Research and development is an ongoing process and everything we have seen, read and experienced dictates how we want to design as a studio. This is combined with straightforward research into subjects that are relevant to particular projects

URS LEHNI (LEHNI-TRÜB, ROLLO PRESS, CORNER COLLEGE)

EDUCATION: Lucerne (CH), Hochschule Luzern, Bachelor of Art (B. A.) / Maastricht (NL), Jan van Eyck Academie, Post-graduate studies ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed and employed (Professor, Staatliche Hochschule für Gestaltung Karlsruhe (D)) HOW DO YOU DEVELOP/ RESEARCH AN IDEA NOW?: The conception of a situation within which design can happen is very close to the modes with which I also like to work in more recent projects: scores, restrictions, processes, etc.

YASMIN KHAN (COUNTERSPACE)

EDUCATION: Los Angleles, CA (USA), University of California, UCLA, Bachelor of Arts (B. A.), Fine Art / Pasadena, CA (USA), Art Center College of Design, Bachelor of Fine Arts (B. F. A.), Graphic Design / Valencia, CA (USA), California Institute of the Arts (CalArts), Master of Fine Arts (M. F. A.), Graphic Design, ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Both employed (senior lecturer at Otis College of Art and Design) and self-employed MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Dungen, MIA / Sixto Rodriguez, MIA ANY OTHER INFLUENCES THEN/NOW: Mentor, then: Denise Gonzales Crisp DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/ NOW?: Books

YVES FIDALGO (FULGURO)

EDUCATION: Lausanne (CH), ECAL – Ecole cantonale d’art de Lausanne, Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Industrial Design ARE YOU EMPLOYED OR SELF-EMPLOYED?: Self-employed PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT: None ARCHITECTS/ BUILDINGS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Herzog & de Meuron (Tate Modern, Prada Shop Tokyo, Basel Station Building), Diller and Scofidio (Cloud in Yverdon for Expo02 and other works), Jean Nouvel (Congress Building in Luzern, Monolith in Morat, Expo 2002) MUSICIANS/ALBUMS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN/NOW: Johnny Cash, Emily Jane White, Sigur Rós, The Clash, Damien Jurado, Jose Gonzales, Moriarty, Kraftwerk, Arcade Fire, God Machine, Elliott Smith DID YOU OWN ANY SORT OF COLLECTION THEN/ NOW?: Comics DESIGNERS THAT INFLUENCED YOU THEN: Ronan Bouroullec, Olivier Sidet, Florence Doléac (all our teachers at college). Also Jean Prouvé. And Castiglioni. And Charles and Ray Eames. And all the Droog stuff. Marti Guixé. Richard Hutten, Fernando and Humberto Campana