Appendix X2 Contributors and Reviewers of the PMBOK® Guide – Fifth Edition – A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), Fifth Edition

APPENDIX X2

CONTRIBUTORS AND REVIEWERS OF

THE PMBOK® GUIDE—FIFTH EDITION:

PMI volunteers first attempted to codify the Project Management Body of Knowledge in the Special Report on Ethics, Standards, and Accreditation, published in 1983. Since that time, other volunteers have come forward to update and improve that original document and contribute to this globally recognized standard for project management, PMI's A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide). This appendix lists, alphabetically within groupings, those individuals who have contributed to the development and production of the PMBOK® Guide – Fifth Edition. No simple list or even multiple lists can adequately portray all the contributions of those who have volunteered to develop the PMBOK® Guide – Fifth Edition.

The Project Management Institute is grateful to all of these individuals for their support and acknowledges their contributions to the project management profession.

X2.1 PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition Core Committee

The following individuals served as members, were contributors of text or concepts, and served as leaders within the Project Core Committee:

Dave Violette, MPM, PMP, Chair

Joseph W. Kestel, PMP, Vice Chair

Nick Clemens, PMP (Sections 3 and 4 Lead)

Dan Deakin, PMP (Sections 11 and 12 Lead)

Theofanis C. Giotis, PMP, PMI-ACP (Sections 1 and 2 Lead)

Marie A. Gunnerson, (Sections 6 and 7 Lead)

George Jucan, MSc, PMP (Sections 9, 10, and 13 Lead)

Vanina Mangano, PMP, PMI-RMP (Integrated Content and Change Control Lead)

Mercedes Martinez Sanz, PMP (Sections 5 and 8 Lead)

Carolina Gabriela Spindola, PMP, SSBB (Quality Control Lead)

Clifford W. Sprague, PMP (Communications)

Kristin L. Vitello, CAPM, Standards Project Specialist

X2.2 PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition Subcommittee

The following individuals served as contributors of text or concepts and as leaders of the Project Subcommittee:

Matthew B. Anderson, PMP, PMI-ACP (Section 4 Leader)

Gilbert B. Asher, MBA, PMP (Data Flow Working Group Leader)

Brad Bigelow, PMP, MSP (Section 2 Leader)

Cecilia Boggi, PMP (Section 9 Leader)

Bernardo O. Bustamante, PE, PMP (Section 1 Leader)

Akshata Karanth, PMP (Section 6 Leader)

David L. Keeney, PMP, CTT+ (Section 8 Leader)

David Kramer (Section 12 Leader)

Karthikeyan Kumaraguru MS, PMP (Section 11 Leader)

Mary-Elizabeth Larson, PMP, CBAP (Section 5 Leader)

Charles J. Lesko, Jr., Ph.D., PMP (Section 10 Leader)

Claudia Alex Morris, MBA, PMP (Editorial Leader)

John M. Nevison (Section 7 Leader)

M.K.Ramesh, BE, PMP (Section 3 Leader through 6/2011)

Krupakar Reddy, PMP, PRINCE2 Practitioner (Section 3 Leader)

Yad Senapathy (Section 4 Leader through 6/2011)

Anca E. Sluṣanschi, MSc, PMP (Section 13 Leader)

X2.3 Significant Contributors

In addition to the members of the Project Core Committee and Subcommittee, the following individuals provided significant input or concepts:

George F. Burton MBA, PMP

Tammy Clark

Joel R. Erickson, MAcc, PMP

Stanisław Gasik, PhD

Ashok Jain, PMP, CSM

Andrea Pantano, PMP

Federico Roman Demo, PMP, ITIL

Anthony Tsui, MIT, PMP

Jennifer L. Walker, PMP

X2.4 PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition Content Committee

The following individuals were contributors of text or concepts and provided recommendations on drafts of the PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition:

Humayun Akhtar, PE, PMP

Mark O. Alexander, P.Eng, PMP

Miguel Angel Hernandez Ayala, MBA, PMP

Katherine A. Barnoski, PMP, CPCP

Sameer S. Bendre, PMP, CSM

Manuela Borlovan

Hector E. A. Boye, MSc, PMP

Carlos M. Brenes, MPM

Kevin Brennan, PMP, CBAP

Melissa F. Bull, PMP

Guido Caciagli B., PMP

Jesus Mario Garcia Cano, PMP

Ramesh Chandak

Carol Dekkers, PMP, CFPS

Wayne D. Ellis, PE, PMP

Andrés Falcón, MBA, PMP

Anna Maria Felici, PMP, CMC®

Sachin Ghai, PMP

Juan Carlos González, PMP, ITIL

Mike Griffiths, PMP, PMI-ACP

Joseph Gruber, PMP, CAPM

Sharnikya F. Howard, MBA, PMP

Harold S. Hunt, PMP

Suhail Iqbal, PgMP, PMP

Rajan T. Janjani, PMP, ITIL Expert

Chandrashekhar S. Joshi, PMP, Chartered Engineer

Puja Kasariya, PMP

Khalid Ahmad Khan, PE, PMP

Terri Herman Kimball, PMP

Vijay Kumar

Gaspar Pacheco Leal, PMP

Nguyen Long Son, PMP, PMI-RMP

Debra J. Lovelace, PMP

Tom Magee, MBA, PMP

Ahsan Maqbool, PMP, PMI-RMP

Conrado Morlan, PgMP, PMP

Tilden Moschetti

Jacob Kottackal Ninan

Abdul Nsubuga

Reuben Oshomah, MSc, PMP

Marcus S. Parker Sr., PMP

Sergio A. Peñaloza, PMP

Ute Riemann, MBA, MCS

Nick Riordan, MBA, PMP

Shivkanth V. Rohith, PMP, PMI-ACP

Bruce Schwickrath, PMP, LSS-MBB

Kishankumar J. Solanki

Tejas V. Sura, MS, PMP

Federico Vargas, PMP, MPM

Srikanth Victory

Himanshu Shripad Warudkar, PMP, ITIL

S. K. Steve Wong, PMP, CMA

X2.5 Reviewers:

X2.5.1 SME Review

In addition to the members of the Committee, the following individuals provided their review and recommendations on drafts of the standard:

Stephen Kwasi Agyei, PMP, LLM

Lavanya Arul, PMP, PMI-RMP

Ernest Baker, PMP, PRINCE2 Practitioner

Mamoun Besaiso, CE

James C. Bradford, Jr., PMP

Damiano Bragantini, PMP

Georgeta Brehoi, PMP

Peter Brown

Andrea Caccamese, PMP, Prince2 Practitioner

Panos Chatzipanos, PhD, PE

Jared Curtis, PMP

Mario C. Delvas, MBA, PMP

Dipti Desai, PMP

Lakshmi Dhruvarao, PMP, CSM

George Diakonikolaou, PhD, PMP

Peter Dimov, PMP, CBM

Richard Egelstaff, PMP, MBA

Charles T. Follin, PMP

Prabhat Garg, PMP

Vivek Goel, PMP, CSM

Mustafa Hafizoglu

Dr. Sheriff Hashem, PhD, PMP

David A. Hillson, PhD, PMI Fellow

Christine Hoffmann, PMP

Hiroto Horio, PMP

David T. Hulett, PhD

Poornaselvan Jeevanandam

Gregory I. Jepson

Kazuo Kawai, PMP

Konstantinos Kirytopoulos, PhD, PMP

Adrian W. Lovel-Hall, PMP, PMI-RMP

Thomas F. McCabe, PMP, CSSMBB

Harold “Mike” Mosley, Jr., PE, PMP

Daud Nasir, PMP, LSSBB

Alexandre Vieira de Oliveira, MBA, PMP

Sneha V. Patel, PMP

Richard Perrin

Walter Plagge, MBA, PMP

Marlene Derian Robertson

Fernan Rodriguez, PMP

Tres Roeder, MBA, PMP

Guy Schleffer, MBA, PgMP

Nitin Shende, PMP, CSM

Nagendra Sherman, PMP

J. Greg Smith

Cyndi Snyder, PMP, EVP

Geree V. Streun, PMP, PMI-ACP

Jurgen Sturany, PMP

Yasuji Suzuki, PMP

Shoji Tajima

Yvonne Tan EY, PMP

Gerhard J. Tekes, PMP, PMI-OPM3 Certified Professional

Biagio Tramontana, Eng., PMP

Thomas M. Walsh, PMP

Juanita M. Woods, PMP, PgMP

Ronaldo Zanardo, CAPM

Heinz Zimmermann, PMP

X2.5.2 Member Advisory Group (MAG) Review

The following individuals served as members of the PMI Standards Program Member Advisory Group and voted on the final draft of the PMBOK® Guide – Fifth Edition:

Monique Aubry, PhD, MPM

Chris Cartwright, MPM, PMP

Laurence Goldsmith, PMP

Paul E. Shaltry, PMP

Cyndi Snyder, MBA, PMP, EVP

X2.5.3 Consensus Body Review

The following individuals served as members of the PMI Standards Program Consensus Body and voted on the final draft of the PMBOK® Guide – Fifth Edition:

Monique Aubry, PhD, MPM

Nigel Blampied, PE, PMP

Nathalie Bohbot, PMP

Dennis L. Bolles, PMP

Peggy Brady

Chris Cartwright, MPM, PMP

Sergio Coronado, PdD.

Andrea Demaria, PMP

John L. Dettbarn, Jr., DSc, PE

Charles T. Follin, PMP

Laurence Goldsmith, MBA, PMP

Dana J Goulston, PMP

Dorothy L. Kangas, PMP

Thomas Kurihara

Timothy MacFadyen

David Christopher Miles, CEng, OPM3-CC

Harold “Mike” Mosley, Jr., PE, PMP

Mike Musial, PMP, CBM

Eric S. Norman, PgMP, PMP

Deborah O'Bray, CIM (Hons)

Nanette Patton, MSBA, PMP

Crispin (“Kik”) Piney, BSc, PgMP

Michael Reed, PMP

Chris Richards, PMP

Paul E. Shaltry, PMP

Jen L. Skrabak, MBA, PMP

Matthew D. Tomlinson, PgMP, PMP

X2.5.4 Final Exposure Draft Review

In addition to the members of the Committee, the following individuals provided recommendations for improving the Exposure Draft of the PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition:

Javed A. Abbasi, MBA, PMP

Klaus Abert

Biju B. Abraham, PMP

Mohammad I. Abu Irshaid, PMP

Mohammad Adel, PMP

Yaser Afaneh, MSCE, PMP

Eng. Ahmed Taha, MBA, PMP

Mounir Ajam

Phill C. Akinwale, MSc, PMP

Mfon D. Akpan, MBA, PMP

Mobasher Abdu Al-Asmry, CE, KSA

Homam Al khateeb, PMP, PMI-RMP

Ahmad Al-Nahar, MBA, PMP

Melad Alaqra, PMP

José Rafael Alcalá Gómez, MBA, PMP

Martin Alemán Valdés, PMP

Mohammed Faiq Al-Hadeethi, PMP, MSc (Mech.)

Anwar Ali, MBA, PMP

Allam V V S Venu, PMP

Barnabas Seth Amarteifio, PMP, ITIL

Yousif Amin, PMP

Andy Anderson, MA, PMP

David Angelow, MBA, PMP

Luciano Antoniucci

Mark A. Archer, PhD, PMP

Ondiappan Arivazhagan “Ari” PMP, PMI-RMP

Wisdom Kwasi Asare-Amegashie Babissakana, PMP

Mohamed A. Badie, PMP, Prince2 Practitioner

Ammar N. Baidas, PgMP, PMP

Kamal Bajaj, PMP, PGDBA

Jehad J. Baker, PgMP, PMP

J. Balamurali, PMP

Federica Ballone, PMP

Manuel F. Baquero V., MSc, PMP

Brent R. Barton

Anupam Baruah

Olaf Baumgartner, PMP

Iain Begg, PMP

Laura Benedetti

Wayne F. Best

Harwinder Singh Bhatia, PMP, CSM

Pius Bienz, PhD, PMP

Jean Binder, PMP

Nigel Blampied, PE, PMP

Michael P. Bomi, BSc, PMP

Raúl Borges, PMP

Farid F. Bouges, MSc, PMP

Lynda Bourne, DPM, FAIM

Joao Carlos Boyadjian, MSc, PMP

Didier Brackx, PMP

Jim Branden, MBA, PMP

Wayne R. Brantley, MSEd, PMP Ralf Braune, PMP

Tamela J. Brittingham, PMP

Jerry Bucknoff, MBA, PMP

Syed Asad Hasnain Bukhari, MBA (MIS), PMP

Jeffrey S. Busch, PMP

Mario Castro Caballero

Anthony Cabri, PMP

Andrea Caccamese, PMP, Prince2 Practitioner

Roberto A. Cadena Legaspi, PMP

Jacob Calabrese, CSP, CBAP

Maria Cardullo

James F. Carilli, PgMP, PMP

Christopher W. Carson, PMP, CCM

Angela M. Cason, PMP

Ralph Celento

Rebecca Cervoni, PMP

Bruce C. Chadbourne, PgMP, PMI-RMP

Kameswaran Chandrasekaran, PMP

Theodore Jiyon Chang

Ramesh Chepur, PMP, PRINCE2 Practitioner

Subrahmanyam VN Chinta PMP, CSM

Marcin Chomicz, MBA, PMP

Abhishek Chopra

Angel R. Chourio, PMP

Eric Christoph, PMP, EVP

Rose M. Clark, PMP

Rogerio L. Clavello, PMP

Xavier Clerfeuille, MSc, SSL Black Belt

Paul Converti, PMP, CISSP

Mario Coquillat de Travesedo, PMP

Franco Cosenza, PE, MScEE

Jeremy Coster, PMP

Raymond Covert

Holly Cowe

Adriano José da Silva Neves, MSc, PMP

William L. (Bill) Dam, PMP, CPG

Joseph W. Daniel, PMP

Richard Gary Daniels

Mohamed Daoud

Russell W. Darnall, DM, PMP

Fariborz Davarpanah, MBA, PMP

Luiz Guilherme de Carvalho

Elisa De Mattia

P.H. Manjula Deepal De Silva, BSc, PMP

Vijay Deshpande

Salvatore Di'iorio

George Diakonikolaou

John H. Dittmer, VI, CISSP-ISSMP, PMP

Marcelo Sans Dodson, PMP, MPM

Roland Doerr, MBA, PMP

Serge Dolivet, PMP

Bhushan Dongare

R. Bernadine Douglas, MS, PMP

Xinhua Du

Arun Dubagunta

Stephen Duffield, MPM, CPPD

Pradip Kumar Dwevedi, PMP

Hany A. Elhay, PMP

Bilal M. El Itani, MBA, PMP

Abdurazag Elkhadrawe

William Ernest, MPM, PMP

Dmitry A. Ezhov, PMP

Leandro Faria, PMP, PMI-ACP

Daniel Fay, PMP

Madhu Fernando, DBA, PMP

Jesse Fewell, PMP, CST

Claudia Fiallo, PMP

John C. ‘Buck’ Field, MBA, PMP

Robinson Figueroa, MS, PMP

David Foley, MBA

Sandra Fonseca-Lind

Scott D. Freauf, PMP, IPMA-C

Sakae Fujino

Yoichi Fukuhara, PMP

Nestor C. Gabarda Jr., ECE, PMP

Luca Gambetti, PMP, CFPS

Gerardo A. Garavito F, PMP, PMI-ACP

Jose Eduardo Motta Garcia, MBA, PMP

Jorge Garcia Solano, PMP, MPM

Sergio Garon, MS

Jay D. Gassaway, PMP, PMP-SP

Michael J. Gauthier, MA, CPM

Darline Georges

Soumajit (Sam) Ghosh, PMP, PhD Candidate

Carl M. Gilbert, PMP, Cert OPM3 Professional

Peter James Gilliland, PMP

Sulema de Oliveira Barcelos Gobato, MsC, PMP

Emily Godinet Lounge, PMP

Peter Goldberg

Andrés F. Gómez, MSc, PMP

Guillermo Gomez Hdez., CSM

José Abranches Gonçalves, MSc, PMP

Himanshu Kumar Goswami

Jean Gouix, Eng, PgMP, PMP

Gary J. Graham, CISM, CISSP

Charlie Green, PMP

Roy C. Greenia, MPM, PMP

Salomon Pineda Guerrero

Pier Luigi Guida, PgMP, PMP

Lakshmeesha T. Gundurao, PMP, CSM

Guo Ming-Hui (MARS), PMP

Kapil Gupta, PMP

Edward Hall, PMP

Noha Hamdy

Sharad S Harale, MBA, PMP

Simon Harris, PMP, D4® Accredited

Abdulrahman M Hassan, MSc

Gregory T. Haugan, Sr., PhD, PMP

Larry J. Hawkins, DSc, PMP

Susumu Hayakawa, PMP

Kym Henderson, RFD MSc (Comp)

Robert Hierholtz

Robert N. Higgins V, PMP

Danny N. Hinton, PMP

Shirley P. Hinton, PMP

Hisashi Hirose, PMP

Jack J. Holmes, PMP

Keith D. Hornbacher, MBA

Tim Hornett, PMP

Christina M. House, PMP, EMBA, Seth Huckabee

Robert F. Hull, PE, PMP

Guillermo A. Ibañez, PMP, ITIL

Shuichi Ikeda, PMP

Hemant Israni, PMP, PMI-RMP

Vladimir Ivanov, IPMA-B Assessor, ITIL Expert

Vidya Iyer, PMP

Can Izgi, PMP

Elaine T. Jackson, BS, PMP

James M. Jackson, PMP, FLMI

Rajesh Jadhav, PgMP, PMI-RMP

Rebecca Jahelka, PMP

Gagan Jain, MBA, PMP

Don R. James, PMP

Vicki James

Chandra Shekar Jayanna, PMP

Johannan ‘Johnny’ Jhirad, B. Tech (IIT Bombay)

Marco Antonio Jimenez, MBA, PMP

Jaime Jiménez Ayala, PhD, PMP

Tony Johnson, PgMP, PMP

Fayez Jolani, MBA, PMP

Michele J. Jones, PMP

Yves Jordan, PMP

Chandrashekhar S. Joshi, PMP, Chartered Engineer

Rameshchandra Joshi

Donaliya K. Porter, MBA, MPM

SS Kanagaraj, PMP, ITIL

Edwin J. Kapinus, PE, PgMP

Madhavi Karanam, MBA

Heinrich Karageorgou, MBA, DBA

Naoki Kasahara, PMP

Ramakrishna Kavirayani, PMP

Kenichi Kawamata, PMP

Babatunde Oluwayomi Kayode, MS ProjM, MSc(PM)

Tarig A. Khalid, PMP, CBAP

Adil Khan

Muhammad Ehsan Khan, PhD, PgMP, PMP

Nader Khorrami Rad, PMP

Mangesh A Khunte, PMP, PMI-ACP

Mostafa Kilani

Athens Kolias, PMP, MPM

Walter Kriegl, PMP

Srikanth Krishnamoorthy, PMP, PGDSA

Kannan Krishnan

Casimer “Casey” Kroll, PMP, MASc

Gustavo Krowczuk, PMP

Devesh Kumar, PMP, PMI-ACP

L. Senthil Kumar, PMP

Pavan S. Kumar, PMP

Raghu Kumar

Vladimir Kupershteyn, PhD, PMP

Thomas M. Kurihara

Puneet Kuthiala, PMP, CGEIT

Massimo La Rosa, PMP

Thierry Labriet, PMP, IPMA-B

Rangarajan Lakshminarasimhan, PMP

Arun Lal

Elixender Lamprea León, PE-ITIL, MSc IT

Hagit Landman, PMP, PMI-SP

Ayotunde O. Lawal, PMP, CAPM

Roberta Lawrence, BAppMgt (Project Management) PMP

S. Douglas Leard, PMP, ACP

Oliver F. Lehmann, PMP, CLI-CP

Ginger Levin, PhD, PgMP, PMP

Jean-Pierre Lhomme, PMP

Jian Liang

Kanak Limbu, PMP, ITILV3

Frank MC Lin

Marco Antonio L. Lo Visco, MBA, PMP

Lohokare

Anand Lokhande, PMP

Alberto J. Lopez, PMP

Samuel López González de Murillo, PMP

Zheng Lou, MBA, PMP

Sérgio Lourenço, PMI-RMP, PMP

Hugo K. M. Lourenço, PMP

Robert A. Lyell, PMP

Frederick G. Mackaden, MBA, PMP

Engr. Sangu Maha Rajan, BTech

Abhijit A. Maity, PMP

Richard Maltzman

Anthony Mampilly, PMP

Kenneth Manahl

Ammar Mango

David Mantle, PMP

Len Marchese, PMP

Daniel Marigliano

Shobhana M., BTech, Prince2

Antonio Marino, PMP, PMI-ACP

Tom Mastal, PMP, CSM

Flávio Matsuyama, PhD

Vincent McGevna, PMP, PRINCE2 Practitioner

Jon McGlothian, MBA, PMP

Alan McLoughlin, BE, MPM

Suzette A. McNaught, MBA, PMP

Peter Berndt de Souza Mello, SpS, PMI-SP

Yan Bello Méndez, PMP

Katia M. Méndez Madrigal, MAP, PMP

Ernst Menet, PMP

Rashmi Menon

Mohammed M'hamdi, PMP

Joachim Modern, PMP

Megat Ahmad Zainuri B. Mohamed, PMP

Mannan Mohammed, PMP, PEng

Haitham K. M. Mokhtar, BSc, PG Dip

Andres Molano Trujillo

Marshciene Hendrix Moor, MBA, MS

Lacheta Moore

Carlos Morais

John Morck, Med, PMP

Harold “Mike” Mosley, Jr., PE, PMP

Saradhi Motamarri, MTech, PMP

Henrique Moura, PMP

Nathan M. Mourfield, MBA, PMP

Hazim Muhssin

Kristin Munro

Mike Musial, PMP, CBM

Khalid M. Musleh, PMP, ISO 9001 LA

Arul SP Muthupandian

Amir Naderi, Msc, PMP

Basab Nandi

Sergio Nascimento

Faig Nasibov, PMP

Mthokozisi Ncube, MSc, PMP

Ta-Tianna K. Nealy, PMP, RMP

Shashank Neppalli, PMP

Nghi M. Nguyen, PhD, PMP

Thuthuy C. Nguyen, PMP

Tri Hue Nguyen, PMP

Idika U Ngwobia, MSc, PMP

Jonathan Nickerson, PMP

Praveen K. Nidumolu, PMP, CSM

Eric Nielsen, PMP

Jeffrey S. Nielsen, PgMP, PMP

Sanjay Nivargikar

Takuji Noguchi, PMP

Michael Nollet

Alireza Noordoust Behtouei, PMP, PMI-SP

Fernando Nunes de Oliveira, PMP, PMI-SP

Henry Lapid Nuqui, PEE, PMP

Kevin T. O'Brien, PEng, PMP

Peter O'Driscoll, PMP

Dayo Odunlami, MBA, PMP

Siobhan-Louise O'Keefe

Bayonle Oladoja, mnse, PMP

Neil Olshansky

Johnson O. Omosule, Bsc

Thomas Q. O'Rourke, PMP, PMI-RMP

Venkateswar P. Oruganti, PMP, FIETE

Mahmoud Assaad Othmane, PMP, CIPM

Maksym Ovsianikov, PMP

Hariyo D. Pangarso, MT, PMP

James W. Parcels

Sandro Pasini, MBA, PMP

Yadaiah Pathkula

Marcello Patrese, PMP, PMC

Dražen Penzar, PMP

Richard J Perrin, PMP, MBB

D. John Peter, PMP

Lachlan Peter, CPEng, PMP

Massimo Pica, Brig. Gen.(ret.)-Italian Army, Dr (Eng)

Joseph Pignato

Raj Pillai, PMP, MIFireE

Teresita L. Pineda, PMP, LEED AP

Crispin (“Kik”) Piney, BSc, PgMP

Jose Angelo Pinto, PMP, OPM3 CC

Alan L. Plastow, PMP, MAT

Fredric L. Plotnick, PhD, PE

Shaligram Pokharel, PhD, REng

George E. Porter, MBA, PMP

Marcus Possi, MBA-FGV, SpS

Edwin A. Provencal, MBA, PMP

Naseer Pervaz Qureshi

Norman Radatz, PMP

João Ramalho, PMP

S. Ramani, PgMP, PMP

Phalguna K Ramaraju, PMP, PMI-ACP

Rajkumar Ramaswamy, P Eng, PMP

M.K.Ramesh, BE, PMP

Gurdev Randhawa

Raghunathan Rangapathy, PMP

Madhavan S Rao , PMP

Raju N Rao , PMP, Cert OPM3 Professional

Michael Reed, PMP

Vicky Restrepo, PMP

Gustavo De Abreu Ribas, PMP

Andriele Ribeiro, MSc, PMP

Juan Carlos Ribero Gomez, PMP

Richard A. Rodberg, PMP

Bernard Roduit

David Roe, PMP

Brandon Joseph Rogers, PMP

Yvette Roserie, PMP

Cecile T Ross, PMP

Mohamed Saad

Kumar Sadasivan, PMP

Mihail I.E. Sadeanu, PhD, PMP

Keiko Sakagami, PMP

Eng. Salem Mahaboob Saliha Sheriff MBA, PMP

Christian Q. Salvaleon

Angela M. Sammon, PMP

Ranga Sarangan, MBA, PMP

Vikas Sarin, PMP, ME(SS)

Kyoichi Sato, PMP

Sara Sattar, PMP

Anatoliy A. Savin, PMP

Doina T. Scafaru, PMP

Danilo Scalmani, PMP

Gary D. Schmitz, PMP

Martin R. Schneider

William T. Schulz, PMP

Ulrich Schumann, PMP

Hemant Seigell, MBA, PMP

Yoshiro Sekihara

Dhruba P. Sen, PMP, CSDP

Maharajan Skandarajah, PMP

Shrenik Shah, PMP

Nitin Shende, PMP, CSM

Kazuo Shimizu, PMP

David Shirley, MBA, PMP

Sandeep Shouche, PgMP, PMP

Hilary Shreter, MBA, PMP

Sameer Siddhanti, MSc, PMP

Edson Silva

Evandro Silva

Fay Simcock

Gurpreet Singh, MBA, PMP

Ravi H. Singh, PMP

Nabakishore Singha Y., EMBA, PMP

Rajesh Singla, PMP

Darnell Singleton, PMP, MSPM

Sumit Kumar Sinha, PMP

Malik Skaljic, PMP, MBA

Charles D. Smith, PMP

J. Greg Smith

Kenneth F. Smith, PMP, DPA

Cyndi Snyder, PMP, EVP

Pamela Soderholm, PMP

Emad Eldin Soliman

Wang Songping

Mauro Sotille, PMP

Frank Spiegel, PMP

Babou Srinivasan, PMP

Ravishankar Srinivasan, PMP

Sriram Srinivasan, PMP, ITIL Expert

Dennis E. Stevens

Kevin Stokes

Zendre Strother

Murali Sundararaju, PMP

Yasuji Suzuki, PMP

Sudhir Swamy, PMP

Marcus Tabart, PMP

Afif Tabsh, PMP

Shoji Tajima, PMP, ITC

Roberto Taraschi, PMP

Isabella Taschetta, PMP

Sunil Telkar, PMP, MIMA

John G Terdik, PMP, CSM

Carlos Tessore, PhD, PMP

Riad Thalji, PMP

Srinivasan Thiruvengadathan

John B. Thomas, PMP

Sal J. Thompson, MBA, PMP

Ronald Togatorop, PMP

Mark Tolbert, PMP

Ricardo Torres

Luis Eduardo Torres Calzada, PMP

John T. Tracy, MBA, PMP

Mario H Trentim, PMP, PMI-RMP

Ankit M. Trivedi, MS, PMP

Mahmoud M. Turkistani, PMP

Bruce E. Turner, PhD, PMP

Junichi Uchiyama, PMP

Hafiz Umar

Krishnakant T Upadhyaya, PMP

Srikanth U.S., MS, PGCPM

M. Fahad Usmani, PMP, PMI-RMP

Ali Vahedi Diz, PgMP, PMP

Richard E. Vail, PMP

Jorge Valdés Garciatorres, PMP, ACB

José Félix Valdez, PMP

Tom Van Medegael, PMP

Mårten van Rheinberg, PMP, PMI-ACP

Stephan Vandevoorde, Ing.

Ravi Vanukuru, B.E., PMP

Lelio Varella, PMP

Ricardo Viana Vargas, MSc, PMP

Jouko Vaskimo, PMP, IPMA Level B

Cynthia A. Vaughn, MBA, PMP

Isabel Rosario Vega Palomino, PMP

Vedananda V Venkata, MS, PMP

Thierry Verlynde, MS, PMP

Basskar Verma

Aloysio Vianna Jr., PMP

Jaime Videla, PMP

Carlos Augusto Freitas, PMP, CAPM

Tiziano Villa, PMP, CMC

Jorge Archivaldo Villa, CE

Ananth Vishakantiah, PMP

Mangi Vishnoi, PMP, MIEAust

Poonam Vishnoi, PMGTI

Yiannis Vithynos PMP, PMI-ACP

Atin Wadehra, MBA, PMP

Paul Waits Jr., PMP, CPM

Xiaojin Wang, PhD, PMP

Patrick Weaver, PMP, FAICD

Kevin R. Wegryn, PMP, MA

Stacia Weiner, PMP

Roger K. Weld, PE, PMP

Philip Wells PMP, CEH

Sean Whitaker, MBA, PMP

S. White

Rebecca A. Winston, JD

Stephen Wise, PMP

Sheng Jun Tony Wu, PMP

Wenyi Xiao, PMP

Chen YanJi, PMP

Clement C.L. Yeung, PMP

Masafumi Yoshizawa, PMP

Yong Yu

Ricardo T. Yugue, MSc, PMP

Azam M. Zaqzouq, MCT, PMP

Omran Mohamed Zbeida, PMP, BSP

Bin Zhang

Salim Zid, PMP, LEED AP BD+C

X2.6 PMI Standards Program Member Advisory Group (MAG)

The following individuals served as members of the PMI Standards Program Member Advisory Group during development of the PMBOK® Guide—Fifth Edition:

Monique Aubry, PhD, MPM

Margareth F.S. Carneiro, MSc, PMP

Chris Cartwright, MPM, PMP

Terry Cooke-Davies, PhD

Laurence Goldsmith, PMP

Paul E. Shaltry, PMP

Cyndi Snyder, MBA, PMP, EVP

John Zlockie, MBA, PMP, PMI Standards Manager

X2.7 Harmonization Team

Karl F. Best, CAPM, CStd

Steve Butler, MBA, PMP

Folake Dosunmu, PgMP, OPM3

Randy Holt, MBS, PMP, Chair

Dorothy L. Kangas, PMP

Joseph W. Kestel, PMP

M. Elaine Lazar, AStd, MA

Timothy MacFadyen

Vanina Mangano

David Christopher Miles CEng, OPM3-CC

Eric S. Norman, PgMP, PMP

Michael Reed, PMP

Chris Richards, PMP

Jen L. Skrabak, MBA, PMP

Carol Steuer, PMP

Bobbye S. Underwood, PMP, PMI-ACP®

Dave Violette, MPM, PMP

Kristin Vitello, CAPM

Quynh Woodward, MBA, PMP

John Zlockie, MBA, PMP

X2.8 Production Staff

Special mention is due to the following employees of PMI:

Donn Greenberg, Publications Manager

Roberta Storer, Product Editor

Barbara Walsh, Publications Production Supervisor

X2.9 Contributors to Past Editions

X2.9.1 The PMBOK® Guide—Fourth Edition:

Cynthia Stackpole, MBA, PMP, Project Manager

Karen Rasmussen Noll, Deputy Project Manager

Murray Grooms, BA, PMP (Communications)

Sandra Hyman (Chapter Coordinator)

Joseph W. Kestel, PMP, MSIS (Chapter 3 and 5 Lead)

Tom Malicki (Volunteer Lead, Front & Back Lead)

Clifford W. Sprague, PMP (Volunteer Coordinator)

Geree V. Streun, CSQE, PMP (Chief Architect)

Kristin L. Vitello, Standards Project Specialist

X2.9.2 Other Contributors:

Wayne F. Abba

Ahmed Taha Abd El Hameed

Ir Hj Ahmad Khairiri Abdul Ghani, Int PE, ASEAN Eng

Klaus Abert

Biju B. Abraham, PMP

Ed Adelman, PMP

Yasser Thiab Ali Afaneh

Mohit Agarwal

Upinder Aggarwal, PMP

Eva D. Aimable

Shigeru Akiba, PMP

Phill C. Akinwale, PMP

James E. Aksel, MS, PMP

Neil F. Albert

Mohammad M. Ali

Hussain Ali Al-Ansari, Eur Ing, C Eng

Mohammed Abdulla Al-Kuwari, Eur Ing, PMP

Graeme A. Allan, BSc(Hons), PMP

Marcia de Almeida

Wasel A. Al-Muhammad, MBA, PMP

Noor Hamad Alnisif, PMP

Fayez Mosaed Al-Talhi, PMP

Alonso Loaiza A., PMP

Barnabas Seth Amarteifio, PMP

Ketal Amin, BB, PMP

Alok N. Anadkat, BS, PMP

P. Lingesh Ananth, PMP

Abel Andrew Anderson, CBM, PMP

Chet R. Anderson, PMP

Niels Erik Andersen, MSc CS

Jagathnarayanan P. Angyan, FIE, CE

Ondiappan Arivazhagan “Ari”, PMP, CSSBB

Muhammad Waqar Asghar, PMP

Syed S. Asghar, MSA, PMP

Usman Asif, PMP

Naing Moe Aung, PMP

Shigeo Awamura

Mike Awuah, MBA, PMP

Tanin I. Ayabakan, MD, PMP

Jacklyn Ayoung-Chee, MBA, PMP

Mahadhir Aziz, PMP

Karthegesan B., MBA, PMP

Rozinah Bachik, MSc (PM), PMP

Ernest Baker, PMP

Ramanan Balakrishna, PMP

Sunil Bansal, PMP

Ricardo do Rêgo Barros, PMP

Patricia J. Bartl, PMP

Nazir M. Bashir, PMP

Herminia Bastos, PMP, CMC

Mohammed Safi Batley, MIM

Fred Beckmann, PMP

Debra C. Bedford

Julia M. Bednar, PMP

Eric Berry, PMP

Stephen Berté, PhD, PMP

Mamoun A. Besaiso, CE

Dale L. Beyer, MBA, PMP

Christie Biehl, EdD, PMP

Shantanu Bhamare, PMP

Alok Bhaskar, MBA, PMP

Kurmarao V. Bhavanasi, PMP

Artur Bialy, PMP

Craig Nicholas Blackford

Rhonda R. Blevins, PMP

Edward Bogak, MBA

Dennis L. Bolles, PMP, LLC

Stephen F. Bonk, PMP, PE

Adolfo Borja, MBS. PMP

Al Bornmann, PE, PMP

Lyn Bos, MHA, MBA

Jean-Luc Boulanger, PMP

Lynda Bourne, DPM, PMP

Didier Brackx, EMS Prof, PMP, Robin G. Bradshaw, PMP

Carlos Eduardo M. F. Braga, PMP

Wayne R. Brantley, MS Ed, PMP

Ralf Braune, PMP

Michael C. Broadway, PMP

Alex S. Brown, PMP IPMA-C

Ian A. Brown, MBA, PMP

Jerry L. Brown, PMP

Joan Browne

Jeannine Allison Bryan

Pat Buckna, PMP

Camper Bull, PMP

Mitchell S. Burke, MS, MBA

Janet P. Burns, PMP

Kenny E. Burrow, PhD, PMP

Bernardo O. Bustamante, PE, PMP

John Buxton, PE, PMP

Andrea Caccamese, PMP, PRINCE2 Practitioner

Roberto Alejandro Cadena

Charles Cain, PMP

Teresa W. Calhoon, PMP

Sergio A. Calvo, PMP

Luis Eduardo Torres Calzada, MPM, PMP

Franco Caron, PhD

Alejandro M. Polanco Carrasco

Chris Cartwright, MPM, PMP

Brian L. Cassita

Roberto Castro

William A Cather, PhD, PMP

Roberto Celkevicius, PMP, ITIL

Bruce C. Chadbourne, PMP, PgMP

K. K. Chakraborty, PMP, BE

Krishna Datta Nallani Chakravartula, MBA, PMP

Ka-Keung Chan, PMP, MBA

Paul E. Chaney, PMP

Supriyo Chatterji, MCA, PMP

Tony Tze Wai Chau, PMP, MAPM

Noman Zafar Chaudry, PE, PMP

Ashish Chawla, MS

Zhen Cheng

David Kwok Keung Chenung

Ramesh Chepur, CSQA, PMP

David K. Cheung, MSc, MBA

Tomio Chiba, PMP

Ananaba Marcellinus Chikwendu, MBA, PMP

Hsing-Tung Chou, PhD

Lung-Hung Roger Chou, PMP, MCT

David Christensen

Manuel Cisneros, MBA, PMP

Douglas Clark

Darrell S. Cleavenger, PMP

Alexandre Coelho, PMP

Richard J. Coffelt, PMP

Brenda Connor, PMP

Terry Cooke-Davies, PhD, FCMI

Edmund H. Conrow, PhD, PMP

Betty Corbin, PMP

John E. Cormier, PMP

Mauricio E. Cornejo, PMP

Anthony R. Corridore, PMP

William T. Craddock

Larry E. Criger, PE, PMP

Darren D. Criglar, MLA, MA

Jacqueline M. Cruit, PMP

Mary Colleen Cullinan, PMP

Michael J. Cunningham, PMP

Craig Curran-Morton, MA, PMP

Robert L. Cutler, PMP

Barbara Y. DaCosta, MPA, PMP

Venkatesh Dakshinamurthy

Claudio D'Arcangelo, PMP

Claudio Da Rold, PMP

Anirban Das, PMP

Venkateswarlu B. Dasigi, PhD, PMP

Patricia A. David-Gentsch

Allan Edward Dean, MBA, PMP

Jim Delrie, PE, PMP

Madhavi Desai, MS, PMP

Rahul P. Deshpande

Anita Dhir, PMP

Laurie Diethelm, CAPM

David Dominguez

Nick Doralp, PMP, ECM

George R. Dorer, MBA, PMP, Bernadine Douglas

Nicolas Douliez

Nigel O. D'Souza, PMP, ITIL

John A. Dullnig, PMP

Francine J. Duncan, MIEEE, PMP

Azra Duric, PMP

Teresa Duvall, PMP, CDR

Phillip Dyer, PMP

G. Ebynayagam

Susan Holly Edelman, PMP

Judith A. Edwards, PhD, PMP

Paul J. Egan

Tarek El-Misalami, PhD, PMP

Waleed M. ElToulkhy, PMP

Ramon Espinoza, PMP

Brian M. Evans, PMP

Peter Ewart-Brookes, PMP

Steven L. Fahrenkrog, PMP

Bruce E. Falk, PMP

John L. Fallon, PMP

Giovanni Fanduiz, MSc, PMP

Sabeeh U. Faruqui, BE Elect, PMP

Kathleen M. Federici, MEd, CAPM

AnnaMaria Felici, PMP, CMC

Luis Cláudio Tavares Fernandes, PMP

Marcelo B. Ferreira

Ann Marie Ficarra, PMP

Michael H. Fisher, MSPM, PMP

Matthew J. Fiske, PE, PMP

Cheryl Fitzgarrald, PMP

Edgardo J. Fitzpatrick, PMP

Martin Flank, MBA, PMP

Joel E. Fleiss, PMP

Quentin W. Fleming

Gloria Elena Folle Estrada

Charles T. Follin, PMP

Dean J. Fragos

Amanda Freitick

Scott D. Freauf, PMP

Mark R. Friedman, CISA, PMP

Scott J. Friedman, PMP

Andrew H. Furber, PMP, PRINCE2

W. Anders Fusia, PMP

Ravindra Gajendragadkar, PMP

Sharyn H. Gallagher, EdD, PMP

Xue Gang (Gabriel), PMP, QSLA

George F. Garas, MBA

Jose Eduardo Motta Garcia, MBA, PMP

Anand Swaroop Garg

Stanisław Gasik

Jay D. Gassaway

David P. Gent, CEng, PMP

Mitchlyn Gentry, MISM

Joseph Sanju George

Subir Ghosh, PMP

Carl M. Gilbert, PMP, OPM3A/C

Peter James Gilliland, PMP

Theofanis Giotis, MSc, PMP

Fernando Hurtado Giraldo

Jonathan Glaser, PhD, PMP

Sulema de Oliveira Barcelos Gobato, MSc, PMP

Joelle A. Godfrey, PMP

Vivek Goel, PMP

Marshall Goldman, PMP

Roger K. Goodman, PMP

Jean Gouix, Eng, PMP

Priyesh Gopalakrishnan

Derek R. Grant, BSc, PMP

Thomas J. Gray, PE, PMP

Paul A. Green, BSc (Hons)

Donn Greenberg

Roy Greenia

Stephen Grey, PhD

Mireya Grieco, PMP

Liz Grinzo, PMP

Torben Grut, PMP

Jeff Jianfei Gu, MBA, PMP

Ruth Anne Guerrero, MBA, PMP

Pier Luigi Guida, Ing, PMP

Joy Gumz, CPA, PMP

Marie Gunnerson

Swati Gupta, PMP

Raj Guttha

Anne N. Gwankobe, PMP, CSSGB

Mustafa Hafizoglu, PMP

Edward Hall, PMP, CQM

Matthew W. Handi, PMP

John Haneiko, PMP

Sharad S. Harale, PMP, MIM

Kurt J. Harris, PMP

Donna M. Harrison, PMP

Akkiraju V. Harshavardhan, PMP

Dr. Sheriff Hashem, PhD, PMP

Mohamed Hassan, PMP, CSWP

Lawrence Hattenburg, PMP

Larry J. Hawkins, DSc, PMP

Ernesto Yo Hayashi, MEng

Jim Hayden, PMP

Gary R. Heerkens, PMP, PE

Mohamed S. Hefny, MSc, PMP

Krzysztof Hejduk, PhD, PMP

Kel Henderson

Robert Hierholtz

Gary Higgs

Hideyuki Hikida, PMP

Merleen Cowie Hilley

Bob Hillier, PMP

David A. Hillson, PhD, PMP

Lecia L. Hogan, MPM

Mark Holdrege

Carol Holliday, MA, PMP

Felicia Hong, PMP, MBA

George H. Hopman, PhD , PE

Tim Hornett, PMP

Gheorghe Hriscu, PMP, OCP

Chih-Yang Hsia, PMP, MBA

Jeff M Hughes, BA (Hons), PMP

David T. Hulett, PhD

Theresa L. Hunt, CSQE, CSTE

Marta Hurst, CLSSBB

Jean-Pierre Husereau, PMP, OPM3-CC

Huma Hydari, MBA, PMP

Zulfiqar Hussain, PE, PMP

Midori Ito

Suhail Iqbal, PE, PMP

George Jackelen

David S. Jacob, MS, PE

Tony Jacob, PMP

Dhanojkumar D. Jadhav

Ashok Jain, PAHM, PMP

T.D. Jainendrakumar, PMP

Nilesh D. Jaltare, PMP

Ganesh Jambunathan, PMP

Raj Kumar Jhajharia, PMP

Marco Antonio Jimenez, PMP, MBA

Merna M. Johnson, PMP

Tony Johnson, PMP, PgMP

Elden F. Jones II, PMP, MSPM

Marylinda Jones, PMP, Six Sigma Greenbelt

Michele J. Jones, PMP

Nancy A. Joseph, PMP

George Jucan, PMP

Marijana Jurgec

Lenin Babu Kamma, PMP

Nils Kandelin, PhD, PMP

Edwin J. Kapinus, PMP, PE

Sanjay Kapoor

Carl Karshagen, PMP

Puja Kasariya, PMP

Kenneth P. Katz, PMP

Ramakrishna Kavirayani, PMP

Kenichi Kawamata, PMP

Genny Kelly

Lance Kelson, CISSP, PMP

Tom Kendrick, PMP

Roger Kent, PMP

Joseph W. Kestel, MSIS, PMP

Rameshchandra B. Ketharaju

Thomas C. Keuten, PMP, OPM3-CC

Hamed Keyvanfar

Tausif Khawaja

Jim Kinard, PMP

Konstantinos Kirytopoulos, PhD, PMP

Joan Knutson, PMP

Kimberly A. Kook, PMP, ITIL Foundations

Roman S. Kosarzycki, PMP

Chetana S. Koulagi, PMP, CSQA

Mark Krahn, PhD, PMP

Edie E. Kubomoto, PMP, CQM

Takahiko Kuki, PMP, JPE

Milan Kumar, MCM, ITIL

Sasi Kumar, PMP

Karthikeyan Kumaraguru, MS, PMP

Vijaya Kurada, MBA, PMP

Thomas M. Kurihara

Lisa M. LaCourse, PMP

Jerry D. Lainhart, PMP

S Lakshminarasimhan, MBA(Fin), PMP

Tim K.Y. Lam, PMP, MBA

Philippe Landucci, PMP

David J. Lanners, MBA, PMP

David K. Larson

Mary-Elizabeth Larson, PMP, CBAP

Richard G. Larson, PMP, CBAP

Marta M. Laszcz, PMP

Charlene Lattier, PMP

Jim Lee Sr., PMP

Patty Leung

Juanita Jane Lightfoot

Donald Likens

Diana Lilla, MA, PMP

Michelle Z. Lim-Watson

Robin Lindenmeier, PMP

Michael Linegar, PMP, MBA

Kristin Linoski, PMP

John D. Lissaman, BEng, PMP

Arden Lockwood, MBA, PMP

Mary K. Lofsness

Anand Lokhande, PMP

Alberto Lopez, PMP

Enrique López-Mingueza, PMP

Margaret L. Love, PMP

Adrian Lovel-Hall

Angela Cheng-Jui Lu, PhD, PMP

Chuanqing James Lu, PMP

Yves M. Lucas, PMP

Christina Luik

Raymond Maczka

Shankar Mahadevan, PMP, CWA

Robin Maher

Catryana C. Malcolm, PMP

Konstantinos Maliakas, PMP

Rich Maltzman, PMP

Vasantha R. Manda, MS, PMP

Rick Mandarino, PMP, MBA

Srinivas Mandgi, PMP, SAP HR

Carmelene Mangahis

Ammar W. Mango, PgMP, PMP

Brian J. Mangravite

Joachim Manz, PhD, PMP

Lou Marks, PMP

Mark Marlin, PMP, PE

Robert A. Marshall, PhD, PMP

Cristinel Damian Martalogu

John A. Marzullo, PMP

Rebecca P. Masucci

Jamie Mata

Mohit Raj Mathur, PMP

Nael Mattar

Rahma Mbarki Eng, MSc, MBA

Laura McDonough, PMP

Colleen A. McGraw, PMP

David McKenna, MSc, PMP

Yan Bello Méndez, PMP

Louis J. Mercken, PMI Fellow, PMP

Su Mei-Shih, PMP

Kenneth Merten

Predrag Fred Mikanovic, MBA, PMP

Berne C. Miller, PMP, CPL

Walter Warren Miller III, PhD, PMP

Sumith Alvet Miranda, PMP

Purvi Sheth Mishra

Gregg Mohrmann

Mark A. Monteleone, PMP, CBAP

Gary Monti, PMP

Carlos Morais, PMP

John Morck

Alberto Moreno, PMP

Paola Morgese, PE, PMP

Kaoru Mori, PMP

Rogan Morrison, PMP

Saradhi Motamarri, MTech, PMP

Bhagchand S. Motwani

Stephen E. Mueller, PMP, EVP

Hazim Muhssin, PMP

Rita Mulcahy, PMP

Philips Tharakan Mulackal, PMP, CCE

Gerald Mulenburg, DBA, PMP

John L. Murphy, PE, PMP

Pradeep Murti

Carlo Muzzarelli

Takamichi Nagano

Prakash Nagaraju, PMP

John T. Napier

Kalyanraman Narayanswamy, PMP

Faig Nasibov, PMP

Muhammad Nasir

John T. Nelson, BSc

Mohammed Taher Netarwala, BE Mech, PMP

Edgard Pedreira de Cerqueira Neto, PhD, PMP

Michael Newell, PMP

Thuthuy C. Nguyen, PMP

Praveen K. Nidumolu, PMP

Jeffrey S. Nielsen, PMP

James S. Niziurski, PMP

Michael C. Nollet, MBA, PMP

Peter Ntiforo, PMP, BSc (Hons)

Jeff Nuding, PMP

Michael O'Brochta, MPM, PMP

Deborah O'Bray, CIM (Hons)

Edward A. O'Connor, PMP

Charis Ogbonna

Kazuhiko Okubo, PE, PMP

James Ostad, PMP

Dmitry Ostroushko, PhD

Beth Ouellette, MBA, PMP

Priya Padmanabhan, PMP

Nariman Panahian, PhD, PMP

Mohan Pandey, MPharm, PGDM(IIMA)

Tara Pangakis, PMP

Leah Paras, PMP

Balaji Parasuraman

Kent D. Paris, PMP

Hyung Ki Park, PMP

William J. Parkes, PMP

Frank R. Parth, MBA, PMP

Jerry L. Partridge, PMP

George Pasieka, aCPP, PMP

Marcello Patrese, PMP, MPM

Mridul Paul, PMP, MBA

Peter B. Paulauskas, PMP

Seenivasan Pavanasam, B Tech, PMP

Almir dos Santos Pereira, PMP

Nancy Perosio, PMP

Robert E. Perrine, PMP

Sitarama Chakravarthy Peruvel, PMP

Bruce T. Petro, PMP

Daniel Picard, PMP

Crispin (“Kik”) Piney, BSc, PMP

George Pitagorsky, PMP

Rama P. Pokala, PMP

Morris A. Pondfield, MBA, MS

Roberto Henrique Nogueira Pons

Charles M. Poplos, EdD, PMP

Steven S. Popovich

Steven R. Potter, PMP

Janice Preston, PMP

Carl L. Pritchard, PMP, EVP

Carl W. Pro, PMP

Nathan Pryce, EMTM, PMP

Javier Pumar, PMP

Jan F.M. Raes, PhD, PMP

Regina Rahmilov

V. Raja, PMP

Aditya Rajguru, PMP

S. Ramani, PgMP, PMP

Ananthakrishnan Ramaswami, PMP

Claudia Elisa Ramírez, PMP

Dave Randell, PMP

Gurdev S. Randhawa, PMP

Shrish Rangaramanujam, PMP

Banshidhar Rayaguru, PMP, M Tech

Krupakara Reddy, PMP, PRINCE2 Practitioner

Caroline Robison, PMP

Ana I. Rodríguez García, PMP

Asbjørn Rolstadås, PhD, Ing

Rafael Fernando Ronces Rosas, PMP

Kenneth H. Rose, PMP

Prakash Roshan, PMP

David W. Ross, PMP, PgMP

Neal L. Rowland, PMP

Jaideep Roy

Laurie M. Rudnitsky, PMP

Lee Ryan

Nani Sadowski-Alvarez, PMP

Osamu Sakamoto, PMP

Brian Salk, MA Ed, PMP

Gladstone Leslie Samuel

Paul Sanghera, PhD, PMP

Satheesh Santhangopalan, PMP

Otavio Ritter Santos, PMP

Rick B. Santos, MBA, PMP

Vikas Sarin, ME(SS), MCA

Ramanathan Sathianaraynan, PMP, CSQA

Kyoichi Sato, PMP

Curt Schlonies, PMP

Eugene Schreiner

John Schuyler, PE, PMP

Salvatore J. Sciascia, PMP

Anna Self

Benjamin R. Sellers, PMP, CPCM

Kathakali Seth

Mark B. Shadowens, PMP

Paul E. Shaltry, PMP

Archana Sharma, MS, PMP

Dhilan N. Shah, CPA, PMP

Manar Shami, PhD, PMP

Shervin Shariatpanahi Mojtabanejad

Pawan Sharma

Rachna Sharma

John Sheers, PMP

Jinmei Shen, PMP

Nitin Shende

Eng. S.M. Saliha Sheriff, MBA, PMP

Kazuo Shimizu, PMP

Toshihiro Shoji, PMP

Hilary Shreter, MBA, PMP

Evandro L.P. Silva

João Carlos A. Silva Neto, Msc, PMP

Michael D. Simants

Michael Simmering, PE, OPM3-CC

Nicklaus B. Sims, PMP

Manas Singh

Siddharth Singh

John Singley, PhD, PMP

Marzena Zych- Skrzypkowska

Kathy J. Slater, PMP

Martin J. Smit, PMP

Carolyn E. Smith, PMP

Bruce F. Snow

Juliette A. Soczka

Jorge Garcia Solano, PMP

John P. Soltesz, PE, PMP

Nguyen Hoanh Son

Brijesh Sonawane, PMP

Mauro Sotille, PMP

Patricia Spadea, PMP

Bernd Spiehl

Carolina Gabriela Spindola, SSBB, PMP

Clifford W. Sprague, PMP

Rob Spurgeon

Varadarajan Sriram

Pranay Srivastava, PMP, CISA

Jolene R. Staruch, PMP

Joyce Statz, PhD, PMP

Doug Stephon

Samuel N. Stevens III, PhD

Delores Stimpson, PMP

Roberta Storer

Dr Kenneth D Strang, PhD, PMP

Geree V. Streun, CSQE, PMP

Michael E. (Mike) Strom, PMP

Juergen Sturany, PMP

Chinta V.N. Subrahmanyam, PMP

Brian T. Sullivan, PMP

Raghavan Sundararajan, PMP

Yasuji Suzuki, PMP

Rashid M. Syed, MBA, PMP

Michal Szymaczek, PMP

Amin Tabatabayi, BEng, MBA

Shoji Tajima, PMP

Masanori Takahashi, PMP, MA

Paraminder Talwar, PMP

Randy Tangco, PMP, CSM

Nilesh Adrian Pieris Tavarayan, AMBCS, MACS (Prov)

John Terdik, PMP, DCB

Gangesh Thakur, CPIM, CSCP

Jaimini Thakore

Pham Minh Thang

Claire-Jodane Thermidor

William M. Thom, PMP

Darin Thomas, PMP

William J. Thompson, PE, PMP

Rocky Thurston, PMP

Linus G. Tibayan, FLMI, PMP

Surendra Tipparaju, ME

Lulu V. Tobin, PMP

Victoria Todas-Lozada, PMP

Mark Tolbert

Nagla Toma, MA

Carolyn A. Toomer, PMP

Terry D. Tosh, PMP

Lee Towe, PMP, MBA

Biagio Tramontana, Ing, PMP

R. Trant, BA, C Mar Eng

Ricardo Triana, PMP

Daniel J. Troxell, MBA, PMP

Shi-Ja Tseng

William Stephen Turner

Vidyasagar Uddagiri, PMP

Nnanna Charles Ukaegbu, PE, PMP

Krishnakant T. Upadhyaya, PMP

Eric Uyttewaal, MS Business, PMP

Ali Vahedi Diz, MSc, PMP

Jorge Valdés Garciatorres, PMP, ITIL

Dennis K. Van Gemert, MS, PMP

Paula Ximena Varas, PMP

Ricardo Viana Vargas, MSc, PMP

Jouko Vaskimo, PMP

Thierry Verlynde, PMP

Malay Verma, PMP, PGCBM

Vijay K. Verma, PMP, MBA

Aloysio Vianna Jr.

David Violette, MPM, PMP

Pepijn Visser

Cornelis (Kees) Vonk

Paul E. Waits, Jr., PMP, CPM

Mike Wakshull, PMP, MSc

Ronald P. C. Waller, PMI Fellow, PMP

Barbara Walsh, CAPM

Thomas M. Walsh, PMP

Steve J. Walter, PhD, CSEP, PMP

Xiaojin Wang, PhD, PMP

Lou Ware, PMP

William W. Wassel, PE, PMP

Ian J. Watson, PMP

Michael D. Watson, PMP

Patrick Weaver, PMP, FAICD

John A. Weber, PMP

Kevin R. Wegryn, PMP, CPM

Linda Westfall, CSQE, PE

John White

Mark Wilfer, PMP

Donald Wilkinson, PMP

Nancy Wilkinson, MBA, PMP

Dale K. Williams, PMP, CSM

Terry Williams, PhD, PMP

John Wilson, PhD, PMP

Rebecca A. Winston, JD

Michael Witzorky, PMP

Audrey R. Wojcik

Nan Wolfslayer, AStd

Rick Woods, SSBB, PMP

Mark A. Wright, PMP

Vicki Wrona, PMP

Andrew Lam Tug Wye, PMP, CITPM (Associate)

Kazuo Yamamoto, PMP

Shahrzad Yazdani, PMP, LSS GB

Clement C.L. Yeung, PMP

Masakazu Yonezaki

Tan EE Yuen Yvonne

Azam M. Zaqzouq, MCT, PMP

Omran M. Zbeida

Xuyan Zhang

Rob Zilay, MBA, PMP

K. Kimi Hirotsu Ziemski, PMP

Paul W. Zilmer, PMP

William A. Zimmer, PMP

Heinz Zimmermann, MSc, PMP

John Zlockie, MBA, PMP

X2.10 The PMBOK® Guide—Third Edition

Dennis Bolles, PMP, Project Manager

Darrel G. Hubbard, PE, Deputy Project Manager

J. David Blaine, PMP (Quality Control Coordinator)

Theodore R. Boccuzzi, PMP (Document Research Team Leader)

Elden Jones, PMP (Configuration Management Coordinator)

Dorothy Kangas, PMP (Product Overview Team Leader)

Carol Steuer, PMP (Framework Team Leader)

Geree Streun, PMP (Process Groups Team Leader)

Lee Towe, PMP (Special Appointment)

X2.10.1 Other Contributors:

Abdallah Abi-Aad, PMP, PEng

Muhamed Abdomerovic, PMP

Adrian Abramovici, PMP

Fred Abrams, PMP, CPL

Yassir Afaneh

Hussain Ali Al-Ansari, Eur Ing, CEng

Mohammed Abdulla Al-Kuwari, Eur Ing, CEng

Jamie K. Allen, PMP

Mark Allyn, PMP

Sumner Alpert, PMP, CMC

Frank Anbari

Scott C. Anderson, PMP

Lionel Andrew, MBA, ISP

Russell Archibald, PMP

Prabu V. Ayyagari, PhD, PMP

William W. Bahnmaier, PMP

Alfred Baker

Ernest Baker, PMP

Pamela M. Baker, PMP

W. Clifton Baldwin, PMP

B. D. Barnes

Kevin E. Bast, PMP

Jefferson Bastreghi

Mohammed Safi Batley, MIM

Julia M. Bednar, PMP

James S. Bennett, PMP

Cynthia A. Berg, PMP

Sally Bernstein, PMP

Mamoun A. Besaiso, CE

Ionut C. Bibac

Howland Blackiston

J. David Blaine, PMP, CSQE

Ray Blake, PMP

Nigel Blampied, PE, PMP

Dennis Bolles, PMP

Stephen Bonk

Barbara Borgmann, PMP

Charles W. Bosler, Jr.

Gregory M. Bowen, CSDP

Rollin O. Bowen, Jr.

Carolyn Boyles, MBA, PMP

David Bradford, PMP

James (Jim) P. Branden, MBA, PMP

Wayne R. Brantley, PMP, MS Ed

Gary D. Brawley, PEng., PMP

Alex S. Brown, PMP

Timothy S. Brown

Stephen C. Burgan, PMP

Anne Cagle, PMP

Dean J. Calabrese, PMP

Neil R. Caldwell

Giuseppe A. Caruso, PMP

Edgard P. Cerqueira Neto, PhD, PMP

Bruce Chadbourne

Bill Chadick, PMP

Clare Chan

Porfirio Chen Chang, MBA, PMP

Ho Lee Cheong, PhD, MIMechE

Gene Chiappetta, PMP

Tomio Chiba, PMP

Mark T. Chism, PMP

Aaron Coffman, PMP, CQM

Kim D. Colenso, PMP, CSQE

Edmund H. Conrow, PhD, PMP

Helen S. Cooke, PMP

Michael Corish

John E. Cormier, PMP

John Cornman, PMP, MBA

Sergio R. Coronado

Andy Crowe, PMP

Robert L. Cutler, PMP

Darren Dalcher, PhD, MAPM

Mario Damiani, PMP

Shari M. Daniel, PMP

Arindam Das

Pranab Das, PMP

Aloysio da Silva

Allan E. Dean

Robert de Jong, PMP

Juan De La Cruz

M. Pilar De La Cruz

Alfredo del Cano, PE, PhD

Connie Delisle

Andrea Giulio Demaria, PMP

John M. Dery, PMP

Barbara De Vries, PMP

Ravi Kumar Dikshit, PMP

Jerry Dimos, PMP

James A. Doanes

Capt. Nick Doralp, PMP

John Downing

Magnus Karl Drengwitz, PMP

Daniel Dudek

Peter Duignan, PMP

Lloyd R. Duke, Jr., PMP

Suhas Dutta, PMP

Judith Edwards, PhD, PMP

Bradford R. Eichhorn, PMP

Gary S. Elliott, MS, MD

Robert L. Emerson, PMP

Alison Evanish

Gregory William Fabian, PMP

Steven L. Fahrenkrog, PMP

Morten Fangel, PhD

Keith Farndale, PEng, PMP

Martin Christopher Fears, PMP

Eve Featherman

AnnaMaria Felici

Flynn M. Fernandes, MSPM, PMP

John C. “Buck” Field, MBA, PMP

Linda Fitzgerald

Quentin W. Fleming

David Foley, MBA

Kirby Fortenberry, PMP

Gary W. Fortune, PMP

John M. Foster, PMP, MBA

Scott D. Freauf, PMP

Denis Freeland

Ichiro Fujita, PMP

John S. Galliano

Donald G. Gardner, PMP

Stanisław Gasik

Jackelen George

Jose A. George, B Tech, PGDM

Dan Georgopulos

Paul H. Gil, MCP, PMP

Greg Githens, PMP

Earl Glenwright, PE, VEA

Leo A.Giulianetti, PMP

Christopher A. Goetz, PMP

Donna Golden

Dan Goldfischer

Neil P. Goldman, PMP

Margarida Goncalves, PhD

John C. Goodpasture, PMP

Dana J. Goulston, PMP

Neal S. Gray, PMP

Steve Grey, PhD, PMP

Robert J. Gries, PE, PMP

Mike Griffiths, PMP

Patrick D. Guest, PMP

Jinendra Gunathilaka, PE

Navneet Gupta, PMP

David R. Haas, PMP, FLMI

Aaron S. Hall, PMP

Robert W. Harding, RA

Delbert K. Hardy, PMP

Patti Harter

J. Ray Harwood, PMP

Ali Hassan, PMP

Ralph Hernandez

Rick Hiett

Pat Hillcoat, PMP

Bob Hillier, PMP

David Hillson, PhD, PMP

Guy N. Hindley, MAPM, MILT

Danny N. Hinton, PMP

Bobby Tsan Fai Ho, PMP, CISM

J. Brian Hobbs, PhD, PMP

Piet Holbrouck, MSc

Carol Holliday, PMP

Gopi V. Hombal

Martin Hopkinson, BSc, APMP

Keith D. Hornbacher, MBA

Darrel G. Hubbard, PE

Kenneth Alan Hudacsko, PMP

David T. Hulett, PhD, PMP

Clinton in't Veld

Adesh Jain, PMP, MPD

Don R. James, PMP

Grant Jefferson

Noel C. Jensen, PMP

Wei Jing

Bruce Johnson, PMP

Elden Jones, MSPM, PMP

Granville H. Jones, Sr., MBA, PMP

Kevin B. Jones, BMath, PMP

Howard J. Kalinsky, PMP, MPM

Constance Katsanis

Roger Kent

Tom Kerr, PMP

Ajmal Afzal Khan

Asadullah Khan, PMP

Lucy Kim, PE, PMP

Mihail Kitanovski

Jennifer Eileen Kraft

Takahiko Kuki, PE, PMP

Polisetty V.S. Kumar, M Tech, PMP

Avis Kunz

Thomas Kurihara

Antonio Carlos Laranjo da Silva

John S. Layman, PMP

Lawrence (Larry) P. Leach, PMP

Craig Letavec

Ben Linders

Erik D. Lindquist, PE, PMP

Mary K. Lofsness

Elizabeth Ann Long, PMP

Raul S. Lopez, PE, PMP

Enrique Lopez-Mingueza, PMP

Pier Paolo Lo Valvo, PMP

Karen Griffin MacNeil, PMP

Sajith K. Madapatu, PMP

Vijaya Kumar Mani, PMP

Mark Marlin, PMP

Enrique Martinez

Victor J. Matheron, PMP

Stephen S. Mattingly

Christopher J. Maughan, CEng, PMP

Giuseppe Mauri

Yves Mboda, PMP

David L. McPeters, PMP

Ed Mechler, PMP

Godfrey I. Meertens, PMP

Richard Meertens, MBA, PMP

Yan Bello Mendez, PMP

Gordon R. Miller, PMP, CCP

Liu Min

Santosh Kumar Mishra, PMP, CSQA

Andrew H. Moore, MBA, PMP

Colin Morris, PE, PMP

Saradhi Motamarri, M Tech, PMP

Mhlabaniseni Moses Mitmunye

Rita Mulcahy, PMP

Charles L. Munch, PMP

K.S. Keshava Murthy

Jo Musto, PMP

AnathaKrishnan S. Nallepally, PMP

NB Narayanan

Vijayalakshimi Neela, MCA, PMP

Beatrice Nelson, PMP

Brian D. Nelson, PMP

Jeffrey S. Nielsen, PMP

Isabella Nizza, PMP

Jim O'Brien, PMP

Kazuhiko Okubo, PE, PMP

David M. Olson, MBA (ITM)

Peter Ostrom, PhD, PMP

Jeffery L. Ottesen, PE

Michael T. Ozeranic

Laura Dorival Paglione

Ravindranath Palahalli

Glen R. Palmer

Jon Palmquist

Nick Palumbo, PMP

David Parker

Jerry L. Partridge, PMP

George Pasieka, PMP

Eric Patel

Anil Peer, PEng, PMP

Francisco Perez-Polo

Paul W. Phister, Jr., PhD, PE

Crispin (Kik) Piney, BSc, PMP

Natasha Pollard

Sreenivasa Rao Potti, MCA, PMP

Manohar Powar, PMP

Ravindranath P S

Patrick J. Quairoli

Ge Qun

Vara Prasad Raju Kunada

Gurdev Randhawa

Prem Ranganath, PMP

Raju Rao, PMP

Ulka Rathi

Carol Rauh, PhD, PMP

Tony Raymond

Vijay Sai Reddy, PMP, CSQA

J. Logan C. Rice

Steven Ricks, PMP

Steven F. Ritter, PMP

Thad B. Ring, PMP

Dee Rizor

Susan Rizzi

Michael C. Roach

Alexandre G. Rodrigues, PhD

Cheryl N. Rogers, PMP

Asbjorn Rolstadas, PhD

Hans (Ron) Ronhovde, PMP

Scott A. Rose, PMP

Ed Rosenstein, PMP

David W. Ross, PMP

Samuel S. Roth, PMP

Joseph A. Roushdi

Gurdev Roy, PMP

Paul S. Royer, PMP

James J. Rutushni, PMP

Robbi Ryan

Frank Ryle, PMP

Anjali Sabharwal, PMP

Srinivasa R. Sajja, PMP

Brian Salk, MA Ed, PMP

Nashaat A. Salman, PMP

Kyoichi Sato

Markus Scheibel, PMP, Dipl-Ing

Suzanne Lee Schmidt, PMP

John Schmitt, PMP

Amy Schneider, PMP

Michael J. Schollmeyer, PMP

Randa Schollmeyer, PMP

Richard E. Schwartz

Andrea R. Scott

Benjamin R. Sellers, PMP, CPCM

Tufan Sevim, PMP

Sanjay Shah, PMP

Mundaje S. Shetty, PMP

Kazuo Shimizu, PMP

Rali Shital

Ganga Siebertz

Larry Sieck

Melvin Silverman, PhD, PE

Fernando Demattio de O. Simoes, PMP

Richard L. Sinatra, PhD, PMP

Raghavendra Singh

John E. Singley, PhD, PMP

Edward Smith

Patricia Smith

Cynthia Snyder, MBA, PMP

Antonio Soares

Paul Solomon, PMP

Richard Spector, PMP

Allison St. Jean

Michael Stefanovic, PEng, PMP

Geree Streun, PMP

Juergen Sturany

Donglin Su

Sambasivam S., PMP, CSQA

George Sukumar, MSChe, OE

Karen Z. Sullivan, PMP

Karen Tate, MBA, PMP

David E. Taylor, PMP

James E. Teer, Jr.

Sai K. Thallam, MBA, PMP

John A. Thoren, Jr., PhD, PMP

Surendra Tipparaju, ME

Massimo Torre, PhD, PMP

Luis Eduardo Torres Calzada, MBA, PMP

Rogerio Carlos Traballi

Lee Towe, MBA, PMP

Rufis A. Turpin, CQA, CSQE

Marion J. Tyler, PMP

M. Raj Ullagaraj, PhD

Bobbye Underwood, PMP

Eric Uyttewaal, PMP

Dalton L. Valeriano-Alves, ME

JR Vanden Eynde, PMP

Gary Van Eck

Judy Van Meter

J.R. Vanden Eynde, PMP

Gerrit van Otterdijk, BSc

Thomas G. Van Scoyoc, PMP

Paula X. Varas, PMP

Ricardo Vargas

Ricardo Viana Vargas, MSc, PMP

Aloysio Vianna, Jr.

Mark M. Vertin, PE, PMP

Craig Veteto, PMP, CPIM

Roberto Viale, PMP

Eduardo Newton Vieira, PMP

Dave Violette, MPM, PMP

Desmond Joseph Vize, PMP

Cornelius (Kees) Vonk, PMP

J. Wendell Wagner, PMP

Barbara Walsh

Thomas M. Walsh, PMP

William W. Wassel, PE, PMP

Patrick Weaver, PMP, FAICD

Kevin R. Wegryn, PMP, CPM

Timothy E. Welker, PMP

Linda Westfall, PE, CSQE

Gwen Whitman, PMP

Tammo T. Wilkens, PE, PMP

Alan K. Williams, Sr., PMP

Charles M. Williamson, MBA, PMP

Stephen D. Wise

Allan Wong

Robert Wood

Kristin L. Wright

Thomas Wuttke, PMP, CPM

Uma S. Yalamanchili, PMP

Clement C.L. Yeung, PMP

Angela F. Young, PMP

John Zachar, BSc, APMP

Kathy Zandbergen

Cristine Zerpa

Paul Zilmer

Eire E. Zimmermann, PMP

X2.11 The PMBOK® Guide—2000 Edition

Cynthia A. Berg, PMP

Judith A. Doll, PMP

Daniel Dudek, PMP

Quentin Fleming

Greg Githens, PMP

Earl Glenwright

David T. Hulett, PhD

Gregory J. Skulmoski

X2.11.1 Other Contributors:

Muhamed Abdomerovic, PMP, D. Eng.

John R. Adams

Yassir Afaneh

Frank Allen, PMP

Jon D. Allen, PMP

MaryGrace Allenchey, PMP

Robert A. Andrejko, PMP

Ichizo Aoki

Paul C. Aspinwall

Ronald Auffrédou, PMP

Edward Averill, PMP

Frederick L. Ayer, PMP

William W. Bahnmaier, PMP

A. C. “Fred” Baker, PMP

Carole J. Bass, PMP

George Belev

Berndt Bellman

Sally Bernstein, PMP

Nigel Blampied, PE, PMP

John Blatta

Patrick Brown, PMP

Alfredo del Caño

Chris Cartwright, PMP

Bruce C. Chadbourne, PMP

Michael T. Clark, PMP

Raymond C. Clark, PE

Elizabeth Clarke

David Coates, PMP

Kim Colenso, PMP

Edmund H. Conrow, PMP

Kenneth G. Cooper

Sergio Coronado Arrechedera

John Cornman, PMP

Richard F. Cowan, PMP

Kevin Daly, PMP

Mario Damiani, PMP

Thomas Diethelm, PMP

David M. Drevinsky, PMP

William R. Duncan

Frank D. Einhorn, PMP

Steven L. Fahrenkrog

Edward Fern, PMP

Lisa Fisher

Christian Frankenberg, PMP

Scott D. Freauf, PMP

Jean-Luc Frere, PMP

Ichiro Fujita, PMP

Chikako Futamura, PMP

Serge Garon, PEng, PMP

Brian L. Garrison, PMP

Lewis M. Gedansky

Linda V. Gillman

Eric Glover

Eva T. Goldman

Peter Bryan Goldsbury

Michael Goodman, PMP

Jean Gouix, PMP

Paul Grace

Alexander Grassi Sr., PMP

Roger Graves

Franz X. Hake

Peter Heffron

Chris Herbert, PMP

Dr. David Hillson, PMP, FAPM

J. Brian Hobbs, PMP

Marion Diane Holbrook

Robin Hornby

David Hotchkiss, PMP

Bill Hubbard

Charles L. Hunt

Thomas P. Hurley, PMP

George Jackelen

Angyan P. Jagathnarayanan

Sandy Jenkins

Elden F. Jones II, PMP, CMII

Sada Joshi, PMP

Lewis Kana, PMP

Subramaniam Kandaswamy, PhD, PMP

Ronald L. Kempf, PMP

Robert Dohn Kissinger, PhD, PMP

Kurt V. Kloecker

Toni D. Knott

Jan Kristrom

Blase Kwok, PMP

Sam Lane

Lawrence P. Leach

Philip A. Lindeman

Gábor Lipi

Lyle W. Lockwood, PMP

J. W. Lowthian, PMP

Arif Mahmood, PMP

James Martin (on behalf of INCOSE)

Stephen S. Mattingly

Glen Maxfield

Peter McCarthy

Rob McCormack, PMP

John McHugh

Krik D. McManus

Dewey L. Messer

David Michaud

Mary F. Miekoski, PMP

Oscar A. Mignone

Gordon R. Miller, PMP

Roy E. Morgan, PMP

Jim Morris, PMP

Bert Mosterd, PMP

William A. Moylan, PMP

John D. Nelson, PMP

Wolfgang Obermeier

Cathy Oest, PMP

Masato Ohori, PMP

Kazuhiko Okubo, PE, PMP

Edward Oliver

Michelle Triggs Owen

Mark S. Parker

Shirley B. Parker

Matthew H. Parry

Jerry Partridge, PMP

Francisco Perez-Polo, PMP

James M. Phillips, PMP

Crispin (Kik) Piney, PMP

George Pitagorsky, PMP

David L. Prater, PMP

Janice Preston

Bradford S. Price, PMP

Samuel L. Raisch, PMP

Naga Rajan

G. Ramachandran, PMP

Stephen Reed

Bill Righter, PMP

Bernice L. Rocque, PMP

Wolfgang Theodore Roesch

Fernando Romero Peñailillo

Jon Rude

Linda Rust, PMP

Fabian Sagristani, PMP

James N. Salapatas, PMP

Seymour Samuels

Bradford N. Scales

H. Peter Schiller

John R. Schuyler, PMP

Maria Scott, PMP

Shoukat Sheikh, MBA, PMP

Larry Sieck

Kazuo Shimizu, PMP

David Shuster

Melvin Silverman, PhD, PE

Loren J. Simer Jr.

Keith Skilling, PE, PMP

Ed Smith

Kenneth F. Smith, PMP

Barry Smythe, PMP

Paul J. Solomon

Joe Soto Sr., PMP

Christopher Wessley Sours, PMP

Charlene Spoede, PMP

Joyce Statz, PMP

Emmett Stine, PMP

Alan Stretton

Thangavel Subbu

Jim Szpakowski

Ahmet N. Taspinar, PMP

John A. Thoren Jr., PMP

Iesha D. Turner-Brown

Alan D. Uren, PMP

Juan Luis Valero, PMP

S. Rao Vallabhaneni

William Simon Vaughan Robinson

Ana Isabel Vazquez Urbina

Ricardo Viana Vargas, PMP

Mike Wakshull

Stephen E. Wall, PMP

William W. Wassel, PMP

R. Max Wideman

Tammo T. Wilkens, PE, PMP

Robert Williford, PMP

Robert Youker

X2.12 The PMBOK® Guide—1996 Edition

William R. Duncan

Frederick Ayer

Cynthia Berg

Mark Burgess

Helen Cooke

Judy Doll

Drew Fetters

Brian Fletcher

Earl Glenwright

Eric Jenett

Deborah O'Bray

Diane Quinn

Anthony Rizzotto

Alan Stretton

Douglas E. Tryloff

X2.12.1 Other Contributors:

John Adams

Edward L. Averill

C. “Fred” Baker

F. J. “Bud” Baker

Tom Belanger

John A. Bing

Brian Bock

Paul Bosakowski

Keely Brunner

Dorothy J. Burton

Jeannette M. Cabanis

Louis J. Cabano

Kim Colenso

Samuel K. Collier

Karen Condos-Alfonsi

E. J. Coyle

Darlene Crane

David Curling

Russ Darnall

Misty N. Dillard

Maureen Dougherty

John J. Downing

Daniel D. Dudek

Lawrence East

Quentin W. Fleming

Rick Fletcher

Linda V. Gillman

Greg Githens

Douglas Gordon

Leo Giulianeti

Martha D. Hammonds

Abdulrazak Hajibrahim

G. Alan Hellawell

Bobby R. Hensley

Jonathan Hicks

Paul Hinkley

Wayne L. Hinthorn

Mark E. Hodson

David T. Hulett

Edward Ionata

Lew Ireland

Elvin Isgrig

Murray Janzen

Frank Jenes

Sandy Jenkins

Walter Karpowski

William F. Kerrigan

Harold Kerzner

Robert L. Kimmons

Richard King

J. D. “Kaay” Koch

Lauri Koskela

Richard E. Little

Lyle W. Lockwood

Lawrence Mack

Christopher Madigan

Michael L. McCauley

Hugh McLaughlin

Frank McNeely

Pierre Menard

Dewey L. Messer

Rick Michaels

Raymond Miller

Alan Minson

Colin Morris

R. Bruce Morris

Danell Moses

David J. Mueller

Gary Nelson

John M. Nevison

John P. Nolan

Louise C. Novakowski

James O'Brien

JoAnn C. Osmer

Jon V. Palmquist

Mark S. Parker

Shirley B. Parker

Matthew Parry

John G. Phippen

Hans E. Picard

Melissa Pendergast

James S. Pennypacker

Serge Y. Piotte

PMI Houston Chapter

PMI Manitoba Chapter

PMI New Zealand Chapter

Charles J. Pospisil

Janice Y. Preston

Mark T. Price

Christopher Quaife

Peter E. Quinn

Hadley Reynolds

Steven F. Ritter

William S. Ruggles

Ralph B. Sackman

Agnes Salvo

Alice Sapienza

W. Stephen Sawle

Darryl M. Selleck

Melvin Silverman

Roy Smith

Leonard Stolba

Craig T. Stone

Hiroshi Tanaka

Ahmet Taspinar

Robert Templeton

Dick Thiel

Saul Thomashow

J. Tidhar

Janet Toepfer

Michelle Triggs

Vijay K. Verma

Alex Walton

Jack Way

Francis M. Webster Jr.

R. Max Wideman

Rebecca Winston

Hugh M. Woodward

Lisa Woodring

Robert Youker

Shakir H. Zuberi

Dirk Zwart