Bibliography – Military Avionics Systems


  1. Adamy, D.A. (2003) EW 101 A first Course in Electronic Warfare, Artech House.
  2. Airey, T.E. and Berlin, G.L. (1985) Fundamentals of Remote Sensing and Airphoto Interpretation, Prentice-Hall.
  3. Bamford, J. (2001) Body of Secrets, Century.
  4. Bartlett, C.T. Head Up Displays and Helmet Mounted Displays. AComparison ofAccuracy and Integrity.
  5. Beaver, P. (ed.) (1989) The Encyclopaedia of Aviation, Octopus Books Ltd.
  6. Birch, S. (2001) Eurofighter ergonomics. Aerospace Engineering, June.
  7. Bryson Jr, R.E. (1994) Control of Spacecraft and Aircraft, Princeton University Press.
  8. Budiansky, S. (2004) Air Power, Viking.
  9. Burberry, R.A. (1992) VHF and UHF Antennas, Peter Pergrinus.
  10. Casey, C.J. (2002) Emergence of Solid State Helmet Mounted Displays in Military Applications, Kaiser Electronics.
  11. Cebrowski, A.K. and Garstka, J.J. (1998) Network-centric warfare: its origin and future, Proceedings of Naval Institute, January.
  12. Collins, L. (2003) Roll-up displays: fact or fiction. IEE Review, February.
  13. Conway, H.G. (1957) Landing Gear Design, Chapman and Hall.
  14. Currey, N.S. (1984) Landing Gear Design Handbook, Lockheed Martin.
  15. Fisher, J.F. The Operation of Wide Angle Raster HUDs, Marconi Avionics, Rochester, Kent, UK.
  16. Foote, Bob. Design impacts to the HMD when used as the primary display,
  17. Gardner, W.J.R. (1996) Anti-submarine Warfare, Brassey’s.
  18. Garland, D.J., Wise, J.A., and Hopkin, V.D. (1999) Handbook of Aviation Human Factors, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  19. Greeley, K. and Schwartz, R. F-22 Cockpit Avionics – A Systems Integration Success Story. Lockheed Martin, Marietta, GA, USA.
  20. Hornbeck, L.J. Digital Light Processing and MEMS: Timely Convergence for a Bright Future, Texas Instruments.
  21. Hughes-Wilson, J. (1999) Military Intelligence Blunders, Robinson Publishing Ltd.
  22. Hunt, T. and Vaughan, N. (1996). Hydraulic Handbook 9th edn, Elsevier.
  23. Hussey, D.W. (1981) Wide angle raster HUD design and application to future single seat fighters. AGARD 42nd Symposium, Andreas, Greece, October.
  24. Jukes, M. (1997) Designing displays for severe environment military applications, SPIE (The International Society for Optical Engineering) Conference Proceedings Vol. 3057, Cockpit Displays IV, Orlando.
  25. Jukes, M. (2004) Aircraft Display Systems, Professional Engineering Publishing.
  26. Kayton, M. and Fried, W.R. (1997) Avionics Navigation Systems, John Wiley.
  27. Lloyd, E. and Tye, W. (1982) Systematic Safety, Taylor Young Ltd.
  28. Lynch Jr, D. (2004) Introduction to RF STEALTH. SciTech Publishing Inc.
  29. McDaid, H. and Oliver, D. (1997) Robot Warriors – The Top Secret History of the Pilotless Plane, Orion Media
  30. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A.G. (1986) Utility systems management. Royal Aeronautical Society Journal – Aerospace, 13(7), September.
  31. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A.G. (2001) Aircraft Systems. Professional Engineering Publishing.
  32. Moir, I. and Seabridge, A.G. (2003) Civil Avionics Systems, Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd/American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
  33. Oxlee, G.J. (1997) Aerospace Reconnaissance, Brassey’s.
  34. Pallett, E.H.J. (1987) Aircraft Electrical Systems, Longmans Group Limited.
  35. Pallett, E.H.J. (1992) Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems, Longmans Group Limited.
  36. Poisel, R.A. (2003) Introduction to Communication Electronic Warfare Systems, Artech House.
  37. Pratt, R. 2000, Flight Control Systems: Practical Issues in Design and implementation. IEE Publishing.
  38. Quaranta, P. (2002) The Evolution of Visionics Systems, Military Technology MILTECH 7/2002.
  39. Raymond, E.T. and Chenoweth, C.C. (1993) Aircraft Flight Control Actuation System Design, Society of Automotive Engineers.
  40. Schleher, C.D. (1978) MTI Radar, Artech House.
  41. Schleher, C.D. (1999) Electronic Warfare in the Information Age, Artech House.
  42. Skolnik, M.I. (1980) Introduction to Radar Systems, McGraw-Hill.
  43. Stimson, G.W. (1998). Introduction to Airborne Radar, 2nd edn, SciTech Publishing Inc.
  44. Thornborough, A.M. and Mormillo, F.B. (2002) Iron Hand – Smashing the Enemy’s Air Defences, Patrick Stephens.
  45. Tisdale, G. and Billings, M. (2001). Tomorrow’s HUD. Flight Deck International, February.
  46. Urick, R.J. (1983) Sound Propagation in the Sea, Peninsula Publishers.
  47. Urick, R.J. (1982) Principles of Underwater Sound, Peninsula Publishers.
  48. Van Brunt, L.B. (1995) Applied ECM, EW Engineering Inc.
  49. Walton, J.D. (1970) Radome Engineering Handbook, Marcel Dekker.
  50. Wilcock, G., Totten, T. and Wilson, R. (2001) The application of COTS technology in future modular avionics systems. Electronics and Communications Engineering, August.
  51. AIR 4271 Handbook of System Data Communications.
  52. AIR 4288 Linear Token Passing Multiple Data Bus User’s Handbook.
  53. AIR 4290 Validation Test Plan for AS4074.
  54. Guide to digital interface standards for military avionics applications, Avionics Systems Standardisation Committee, ASSC/110/6/2 issue 2, September 2003.
  55. Joint Advanced Strike Technology Program, Avionics architecture definition – issues/decisions/rationale document, version 1, 8 August 1994.
  56. Joint Advanced Strike Technology Program, Avionics architecture definition – Appendices, version 1, 8 August 1994.
  57. Principles of avionics data buses, Avionics Communications Inc., 1995.
  58. Howard, W.E., eMagin website.
  59. EFJ-R-EFA-000-107, Cockpit lighting standard, Eurofighter.

Commercial Handbooks, Standards and Specifications

  1. ARINC 429, Mk 33 digital information transfer system, 1977.
  2. ARINC 629, Multi-transmitter data bus.
  3. ARINC 653, Specification standard for time and system partition.
  4. IEEE 1149.
  5. IEEE 1394.
  6. RTCA DO-178B, Software considerations on airborne systems and equipment certification.

Military Handbooks, Standards and Specifications

  1. JSSG-2010-3, Joint service specification guide – crew systems – cockpit/crew-station/cabin handbook, US Department of Defense.
  2. JSSG-2010-5, Joint service specification guide – crew systems – aircraft lighting handbook, US Department of Defense.
  3. MIL-HDBK-87213, Electronically/optically generated airborne displays, US Department of Defense.
  4. MIL-STD-1553B, Digital time division command response multiplex data bus, Notice 2, 8 September 1986.
  5. MIL-STD-1760, Department of Defense interface standard for aircraft/store electrical interconnection system.
  6. MIL-STD-1784, Head-up display symbology, US Department of Defense.
  7. MIL-STD-3009, Lighting, aircraft, night vision imaging system (NVIS) compatible, US Department of Defense.
  8. Stanag 3910, A fibre-optic derivation of MIL-STD-1553 used in NATO/UK.

Advisory Circulars

  1. Advisory circular AC 00-31A, National aviation standard for the very high frequency omni-directional radio range (VOR)/distance measuring equipment (DME)/tactical air navigation (TACAN) systems, 20 September 1982.
  2. Advisory circular AC 20-67B, Airborne VHF communications installations, 16 January 1986.
  3. Advisory circular AC 20-121A, Airworthiness approval of LORAN-C navigation systems for use in the US national airspace Systems (NAS) and Alaska, 24 August 1988.
  4. Advisory circular AC 20-130A, Airworthiness approval of navigation or flight management systems integrating multiple sensors, 14 June 1995.
  5. Advisory circular AC 20-131A, Airworthiness approval of traffic alert and collision avoidance systems (TCAS II) and mode S transponders, 29 March 1993.
  6. Advisory circular AC 25-4, Inertial navigation systems (INS), 18 February 1966.
  7. Advisory circular AC 25-23, Airworthiness criteria for the installation approval of a terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) for part (25) airplanes, 22 May 2000.
  8. Advisory circular AC 90-45A, Approval of area navigation systems for use in the US national airspace system, 21 February 1975.
  9. Advisory circular AC 90-94, Guidelines for using global positioning system equipment for IFR en-route and terminal operations and for non-precision approaches in the US national airspace system, 14 December 1994.
  10. Advisory circular AC 90-96, Approval of US operators and aircraft to operate under instrument flight rules (IFR) in European airspace, March 1998.
  11. Advisory circular AC 90-97, Use of barometric vertical navigation (VNAV) for instrument approach operations using decision altitude, 19 October 2000.
  12. Advisory circular AC 120-33, Operational approval for airborne long-range navigation systems for flight within the North Atlantic minimum navigation performance specifications airspace, 24 June 1977.
  13. Advisory circular AC 121-13, Self-contained navigation systems (long range), 14 October 1969.
  14. Advisory circular 129-55A, Air carrier operational approval and use of TCAS II, 27 August 1993.


  1. RTCA DO-181, Minimum operational performance standards for air traffic control radar beacon system/mode select (ATCRBS/mode S) airborne equipment.
  2. RTCA DO-185, Minimum operational performance standards for traffic alert and collision avoidance systems (TCAS) airborne equipment.
  3. RTCA DO-186, Minimum operational performance standards (MOPS) for radio communications equipment operating with the radio frequency range 117.975 to 137.000 MHz, dated 20 January 1984.

Technical Standing Orders

  1. Technical standing order (TSO) C-129a, Airborne supplementary navigation equipment using global positioning system (GPS), 20 February 1996.

Useful Websites

  1. Federal Aviation Authority (FAA), RVSM website: