Chapter 1: Deploying Windows 10 – Microsoft Exam MD-100 Windows 10 Certification Guide

Chapter 1: Deploying Windows 10

Windows 10 is Microsoft's latest version of its Operating System (OS) and the most widely adopted version in use today. Unlike previous Windows OS versions, Windows 10 is continuously updated with new features and capabilities, and offers new methods of deployment, management, and integration with today's cloud technologies.

The first chapter of this book will introduce the first objective, which is deploying Windows 10. This chapter will begin to prepare you for the MD-100 (Windows 10) exam, which is part the Microsoft 365 Certified: Modern Desktop Administrator Associate certification.

The following topics will be covered in this chapter:

  • Understanding Windows 10 editions and capabilities
  • Performing a clean installation

In this chapter, we will focus on the different Windows 10 editions and their capabilities. This chapter will also provide you with the necessary skills to perform a clean installation of Windows 10.

Technical requirements

In this chapter, you will learn step-by-step how a clean installation of Windows 10 works. These steps that you will follow have also been recorded. You can find these videos at https://bit.ly/2LsQDqD.

Understanding Windows 10 editions and capabilities

Microsoft has different Windows 10 editions available for home users, enterprise users, and education users.

Before you deploy Windows 10 in your environment, you must select the most suitable edition for your environment. The different Windows 10 editions address the needs of your environment and your end users. In this section, we will look at the different features of each edition, as well as the difference between the 32-bit and 64-bit versions. Let's start by looking at what Windows 10 editions are available.

Learning about Windows 10 editions

In this section, we will learn about the different Windows 10 editions that you can install in your organization. In the following screenshot, you can see the different Windows 10 editions that are available when you are installing from an installation media, such as Digital Video Disc (DVD) or Universal Serial Bus (USB):

Figure 1.1 - Overview of the Windows 10 editions

Before you can install Windows 10, you must select the most suitable edition for your organization. In the following table, you can see the different Windows 10 editions and their consumers, ranging from individuals to large enterprises:

Table 1.1 - Various Windows editions

You can buy the Windows 10 Home and Windows 10 Pro editions via a computer shop or online. If you want to use the Windows 10 Enterprise or Windows 10 Education editions, then you must get a Volume Licensing contract via a software broker or directly from Microsoft.

In the next section, we will look at the different capabilities of each Windows edition.

Understanding Windows 10 capabilities

There are different features for each Windows 10 edition. So, if you were to install and use any one of the Windows OS editions, then you would need to have pretty decent knowledge of these features. We will list what these main different features are in each Windows 10 edition.

Windows 10 Home

Windows 10 Home edition is a consumer-oriented desktop edition of Windows 10. Windows 10 Home is pre-installed on consumer Personal Computers (PCs), tablets, and hybrid laptop/tablets. The new features of Windows 10 Home are as follows:

  • Cortana
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Tablet mode for touch devices
  • Windows Hello
  • Virtual desktops
  • Windows Sandbox
  • Built-in universal Windows apps such as Photos, Maps, Mail, and so on
  • New updates and features are received automatically
  • Support for Windows Information Protection through Mobile Application Management (MAM) via Intune

Windows 10 Pro

Windows 10 Pro edition has the same features as Windows 10 Home, but with many extra features to meet the needs of small- and medium-sized businesses. Some of these features are as follows:

  • BitLocker
  • Virtualization
  • Windows Autopilot
  • Windows Update for Business
  • Active Directory domain join
  • Ability to join Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)
  • Group policy management
  • Remote Desktop
  • Windows Store for Business
  • Enterprise Data Protection
  • Granular User Experience Control

Windows 10 Enterprise

Windows 10 Enterprise edition has the same features mentioned earlier, but with more features, such as the following:

  • Always on VPN, also known as DirectAccess. This feature is supported on all Windows 10 editions that have at the Windows 10 version 1607 (Anniversary Edition) installed.
  • Windows to Go Creator.
  • AppLocker.
  • Start Screen Control with Group Policy.
  • Windows Defender Credential Guard.
  • Windows Defender Application Control.
  • Windows Defender Application Guard.

Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB

Windows 10 Enterprise Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) is a special edition that Microsoft will not update with any new features. This version only gets security updates and other important updates. Why only security updates and not any feature updates? Because you can install Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB on devices that run on specialized systems, such as PCs that control medical equipment, Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), Point Of Sale (POS) systems, and many other critical systems.

The Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB has fewer features than the Windows 10 Enterprise edition. These include the following:

  • Many built-in universal Windows apps are missing
  • No Cortana
  • No Windows Store
  • No Microsoft Edge browser

Windows 10 Education

Windows 10 Education edition offers the same features as the Windows 10 Enterprise edition. This edition is only available through Academic Volume Licensing and is suitable for teachers, students, administrators, and school staff.

Learning about 32-bit versus 64-bit Windows 10 editions

All the previously mentioned Windows 10 editions, as shown in the Table 1.1, are available in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. The 64-bit versions are similar to the 32-bit versions, but they offer several advantages, such as the following:

  • Improved performance
  • Enhanced memory
  • Improved security
  • Support for the Hyper-V feature

Keep in mind that the 64-bit editions of Windows 10 do not support the 16-bit Windows on Win32 (WoW) environment. If your environment requires 16-bit application versions, consider deploying those applications in a separate way. This is because Windows 10 64-bit editions will refuse to run those applications.

Important Note

All 32-bit Operating Systems are limited to 4 GB of addressable memory, while the 64-bit OS can address more than 4 GB. The 64-bit version of Windows 10 Home will not support the Hyper-V feature.

Performing a clean installation

There are different methods for carrying out a Windows 10 installation. In this section, we will focus on a clean installation.

Making a new deployment of any kind of Windows 10 edition consists of nothing more than carrying out a clean installation of your hardware. For example, imagine a situation in which you buy yourself a self-customized gaming PC with different hardware components because you want the best of the best. However, this gaming PC is then delivered without an operating system. In cases like this, you would carry out a clean installation.

However, there a few different approaches to carrying out a clean installation of Windows 10. Some examples are as follows:

  • Installation media: When you buy a self-customized gaming PC with different hardware components, you will use a DVD or USB with a Windows 10 ISO file on it and boot the computer from your installation media.
  • System image: A system image also refers to a golden image. It is typically a file that contains a snapshot, which can be referred as a capture image, of a generic computer with the OS installed, including drivers, specific configurations, and perhaps some applications, such as Microsoft Office and Adobe Reader.

    There are various tools available for creating and deploying images, such as System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) and Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT). A system image is the preferred method and is used for medium- and large-sized enterprise organizations. These kinds of deployments are faster and more automated than installing from a DVD or USB.

  • Windows Autopilot: If the computer already has Windows 10 pre-installed, then Windows Autopilot can be used to carry out a new deployment. Windows Autopilot allows administrators to apply organization-specific configurations and some types of applications.

    This can be done with Intune, for example, as most computers nowadays come with Windows 10 pre-installed and enable organizations to come to the same result, without needing to deploy system images over the corporate network. Windows Autopilot will not be discussed in this exam guide, because this topic belongs to MD-101.

Understanding the clean installation process

This section will cover step-by-step instructions on how to install Windows 10 on a new or existing device through a clean installation (so no in-place upgrades or migration paths). Let's make a start:

  1. Insert your Windows 10 installation media, start the computer, and boot from the installation media:

    Figure 1.2 - Press any key screen for Windows 10 installation

  2. On the Windows Setup screen, choose the appropriate language, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method and click Next:

    Figure 1.3 - Language and preferences Windows Setup window

  3. After that, on the Windows Setup window, click Install Now:

    Figure 1.4 - Install now Windows Setup window

  4. Then, on the Select the operating system you want to install window, choose your appropriate Windows 10 edition and click Next:

    Figure 1.5 - Selecting the OS window

  5. Then, on the Applicable notices and license term window, accept the license terms and click Next:

    Figure 1.6 - Accepting license terms window

  6. After that, on the Which type of installation do you want? window, choose the Custom: Install Windows only (advanced) option:

    Figure 1.7 - Selecting the type of installation

  7. Then, on the Where do you want to install Windows? window, select Drive 0 Unallocated Space and click Next:

Figure 1.8 - Selecting where to install Windows

Important Note

For a clean installation of Windows 10 on a device that already has an OS installed on it, erase all the partitions by formatting or deleting any partitions during the setup process.

So, now, the installation begins. After a few minutes, you will need to choose the appropriate settings, such as keyboards, regions, and more. Follow these steps to finish the installation of Windows 10:

  1. On the Let's start with region. Is this right? window, select your region and click Yes:

    Figure 1.9 - Selecting your region

  2. Then, on the Is this the right keyboard layout? window, choose your respective keyboard layout and click Yes:

    Figure 1.10 - Selecting the right keyboard layout

  3. After that, on the Want to add a second keyboard layout? window, click Skip:

    Figure 1.11 - Adding a second keyboard layout

  4. Then, on the Sign in with Microsoft page, click on Domain join instead to add a local account:

    Figure 1.12 - Sign in with Microsoft account window

  5. After that, on the Who's going to use this PC? window, fill in a name and click Next:

    Figure 1.13 - Adding a name to the PC account

  6. On the Create a super memorable password page, enter a password and click Next:

    Figure 1.14 - Creating a password

  7. After that, on the Confirm your password page, again, fill in the same password from the previous page and click Next:

    Figure 1.15 - Confirming your password

  8. After that, on the Create security questions for this account page, choose three questions, fill in their corresponding answers, and click Next:

    Figure 1.16 - Creating security questions and answers

  9. Then, on the Do more across devices with activity history page, click on the option of your choice. For now, we will choose No:

    Figure 1.17 - Activating an account's activity history

  10. On the Do more with your voice page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.18 - Activating online speech recognition

  11. The, on the Let Microsoft and apps use your location page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.19 - Selecting to use your location

  12. Then, on the Find my device page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.20 - Choosing to turn on Find my device

  13. After that, on the Send diagnostic data to Microsoft page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.21 - Choosing to Send diagnostic data to Microsoft

  14. Then, on the Improve inking & typing page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.22 - Choosing to send inking and typing data to Microsoft

  15. After that, on the Get tailored experiences with diagnostic data page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.23 - Choosing to let Microsoft offer you more relevant tips

  16. Then, on the Let apps use advertising ID page, select the option of your choice and select Accept:

    Figure 1.24 - Choosing to let apps use advertising ID

  17. After a while, the installation of Windows 10 will be finished, and you will see the desktop environment. With that, you have successfully installed Windows 10 through a clean installation method.

At this point, you have performed a clean installation of Windows 10 on a computer. Such an installation, as you did in the previous steps, will only occur if you've bought a new computer without an OS, or if you want to reinstall Windows 10 completely on your computer.

Summary

In this chapter, we learned about the various aspects and troubleshooting methods of Windows 10. You learned about the different Windows 10 editions and their capabilities, as well as how to perform a clean installation of Windows 10.

After completing this chapter, you have the skills to install and boot the Windows 10 OS successfully.

In the next chapter, you are going to learn how to do an in-place upgrade from, for example, Windows 8.1 to Windows 10. You will also learn how to troubleshoot activation issues and how to migrate user data.

Questions

  1. You want to deploy Applocker and Windows Defender Credential Guard on your school's network. Can you install the Windows 10 Education version?
  2. Can you buy Windows 10 Enterprise in a computer store?
  3. You have a 32-bit version of Windows 10. Is it possible to install the Hyper-V feature?
  4. Is it possible to boot and install Windows 10 from a DVD?

Further reading