Copyright Page – Retrospectives Antipatterns

Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed with initial capital letters or in all capitals.

The author and publisher have taken care in the preparation of this book, but make no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the use of the information or programs contained herein.

For information about buying this title in bulk quantities, or for special sales opportunities (which may include electronic versions; custom cover designs; and content particular to your business, training goals, marketing focus, or branding interests), please contact our corporate sales department at or (800) 382-3419.

For government sales inquiries, please contact

For questions about sales outside the U.S., please contact

Visit us on the Web:

Library of Congress Control Number: 2020941957

Copyright © 2021 Pearson Education, Inc.

Cover and interior illustrations: Nikola Korać

All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright, and permission must be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permissions, request forms and the appropriate contacts within the Pearson Education Global Rights & Permissions Department, please visit

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-682336-0

ISBN-10: 0-13-682336-X


Mark L. Taub

Executive Editor
Greg Doench

Assistant Editor
Menka Mehta

Managing Producer
Sandra Schroeder

Sr. Content Producer
Julie B. Nahil

Project Manager
Aswini Kumar/

Copy Editor
Carol Lallier

Ken Johnson

Donna Mulder

Cover Designer
Chuti Prasertsith