Trading and investing always involve risk. Any money traded or invested can be lost. You alone are responsible for any trading or investing activity that you undertake. Neither the author nor the publisher is licensed, qualified, or authorized to provide trading or investing advice nor will they assume any responsibility for your investment activities. Hence, by reading this disclaimer and the information within this book, you understand that there is always risk involved in trading stocks, exchange traded funds, financial indexes, option contracts, futures, and foreign exchange currency pairs. The author and publisher make no representations or warranties for your trading success nor will they be held liable for your actions.