Glossary – Digital Futures

Glossary

ACCPEUK government Advisory Committee on Consumer Products and the Environment
avatarthree-dimensional virtual personality
B2Bbusiness-to-business
B2Cbusiness-to-consumer
BATbest available technology
broadbandhigh speed data connection
C2Bconsumer-to-business
C2Cconsumer-to-consumer
CEOchief executive officer
CO2carbon dioxide
DETRDepartment of the Environment, Transport and the Regions
digital dividethe gap between information ‘haves’ and ‘have nots’
DTIDepartment of Trade and Industry
DTVdigital TV
ecobotsa search engine facility which uses environmental criteria
EDIelectronic data exchange
EIAEnergy Information Administration (US)
e-materializationreducing material and energy inputs through information technologies
EUEuropean Union
G2Cgovernment-to-consumer
GDPGross Domestic Product
GEMguaranteed electronic markets
GHGgreenhouse gas(es)
GPSglobal positioning satellites
GRIGlobal Reporting Initiative
HGVheavy goods vehicle
IAQinfrequently asked question
ICTinformation and communication technology
infomediaryintermediaries who exchange information online
inter-operabilityability to operate on a range of systems
intranetinternal computer network inaccessible from the internet
IPRintellectual property rights
ISPinternet service provider
ITinformation technology
LCAlife-cycle assessment
legacy systemout-of-date computer hardware still in use
LETSlocal exchange and trading schemes
LGVlight goods vehicle
MtCmillion tonnes of carbon
m-commercemobile commerce
MP3digital music format
natural capitalstocks or flows of environmental and natural resources
NEFNew Economics Foundation
NGOnon-governmental organizations
NIMBYnot in my back yard
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
open sourcesoftware with a publicly available programming code
PCpersonal computer
PDApersonal digital assistant
RDAregional development agency
RDCregional distribution centre
rebound effecta negative second-order effect
REEPRegional Electronic Economy Programme
RPGregional planning guidance
R&Dresearch and development
SMEsmall- to medium-sized enterprise
SPRUScience and Technology Policy Research Unit (Sussex University)
STBset-top box
t-commercecommerce using time as a currency
TCPATown and Country Planning Association
telematicstransportation aids using internet and telecommunication technologies
UNUnited Nations
virtualizationthe provision of goods or services in a virtual format
walled gardena closed internet environment with access only to certain websites
WTOWorld Trade Organization