Glossary – Military Avionics Systems

Glossary

AAA
anti-aircraft artillery or triple A
ABL
airborne laser
AC, ac
alternating current
AC
advisory circular
ACARS
aircraft communications and reporting system
ACE
actuator control electronics
ACES
advanced concept ejection seat
ACM
air cycle machine
ACT
active control technology
Ada
a high-order software language
AD
attack display
A to D, A/D
analogue-to-digital
ADC
air data computer
ADF
automatic direction finding
ADI
attitude direction indicator
ADIRU
air data and inertial reference unit
ADM
air data modules
ADS
avionics display set
ADS
automatic dependent surveillance
ADS-A
automatic dependent surveillance – address mode
ADS-B
automatic dependent surveillance – broadcast mode
AE
avionics environment
AESA
active electronically scanned array
AEU
antenna electronic unit
AEW
airborne early warning
AFDC
autopilot flight director computer
AGC
automatic gain control
AHARS
attitude and heading reference system
AI
airborne interception
AIFF
advanced IFF
AlGaAs
aluminium gallium arsenide
ALARM
air-launched anti-radar missile
AM
amplitude modulation
AMAD
airframe-mounted accessory gearbox
AMLCD
active matrix liquid crystal display
AMP
avionics modification programme
AMRAAM
advanced medium-range air-to-air missile
AMS
avionics management system
AMSU
aircraft motion sensing unit
ANG
Air National Guard
ANP
actual navigation performance
AoA
angle of attack
AoA
angle of arrival
AOC
airline operational centre
APGS
auxiliary power generation system
API
application programming interface
APU
auxiliary power unit
ARI
air radio installation
ARINC
Aeronautical Radio Inc.
ARM
anti-radar missile, anti-radiation missile
ASE
aircraft survivability equipment
ASI
aircraft station interface
ASIC
application-specific integrated circuits
ASR
air sea rescue
ASR
anonymous subscriber messaging
ASUW
anti-surface unit warfare
ASW
anti-submarine warfare
ATA
advanced tactical aircraft
ATC
Air Traffic Control
ATF
advanced tactical fighter
ATM
asynchronous transfer mode
ATM
air targeting mode
ATM
air transport management
ATR
air transport racking
AWACS
airborne early warning and command system
Az
azimuth
BAe
British Aerospace – now BAE SYSTEMS
BC
bus controller
BCD
binary coded decimal
BFoV
binocular field of view
BILL
beacon illuminating laser
BIT
built-in test
BIU
bus interface unit
BRNAV
basic area navigation in RNP
BROACH
bomb Royal Ordnance augmented charge
BSC
beam-steering computer
BVR
beyond visual range
C
Celsius scale of temperature
Cþþ
a programming language
C3
command, control and communication
C&C C2
command and control
CA
course acquisition
CAP
combat air patrol
CAS
close air support
CBIT
continuous built-in test
CCD
charge coupled device
CCDTV
charge coupled device television
CCIP
continuously computed impact point
CDROM
CD read-only memory
CCRP
continuously computed release point
CDU
control and display unit
CEC
cooperative engagement capability
CEP
circular error probability
CFAR
constant false alarm rate
CFIT
controlled flight into terrain
CG/cg
centre of gravity
CHBDL
common high-band data link
CIE
Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage
CIP
core integrated processor
CLA
creeping line ahead – a maritime patrol search pattern
CMD
countermeasure dispenser
CMT
cadmium mercury telluride (CdHgTe)
CNI
communications, navigation, identification
CNS
communications, navigation and surveillance
CNS/ATM
communications, navigation, surveillance/air traffic management
COIL
chemical oxygen iodine laser
COMINT
communications intelligence
COTS
commercial off-the-shelf
CP
centre of pressure
CPDLC
controller to pilot data link communications
CPG
copilot gunner
CRT
cathode ray tube
CSI
carriage store interface
CSSI
carriage store station interface
CW
continuous wave
CWMS
common missile warning system
DA
decision altitude
DAPS
data access protocol system
DAS
distributed aperture system
DASS
defensive aids subsystem
DBS
Doppler beam sharpening
DC, dc
direct current
DD
defence display
DefAids
defensive aids subsystem
Def Stan
defence standard
DF
direction finding
DGPS
differential GPS
DHA
display head assembly
DHUD, DOHUD
diffractive optics HUD
DIRCM
direct infrared countermeasures
DLP
digital light projector
DMD
digital micromirror device
DME
distance-measuring equipment
DoD
department of defense (US)
DPS
data processing set
DSP
digital signal processor
DVI
direct voice input
DVO
direct vision optics
em, EM
electromagnetic
EAL
evaluation assurance level
EAP
experimental aircraft programme
EBR
enhanced bit rate
EC
European Community
ECAM
electronic checkout and maintenance system
ECCM
electronic counter countermeasures
ECL
electronic check list
ECM
electronic countermeasures
ECS
environmental control system
EDP
engine-driven pump
EEZ
economic exclusion zone
EFAB
extended forward avionics bay
EFIS
electronic flight instrument system
EGI
embedded GPS inertial
EGNOS
european geostationary navigation overlay system
EGPWS
enhanced ground proximity warning system
EICAS
engine indication and crew alerting system
EIS
entry into service
El
elevation
EL
electroluminescent
ELINT
electronic intelligence
ELM
extended length messages
EMCON
emission control
EMD
engineering manufacturing and development
EMP
electromagnetic pulse
EO
electrooptical
EOB, EoB
electronic order of battle
EOTS
electrooptic targeting system
EPU
emergency power unit
ESA
electronically steered array
ESA
European Space Agency
ESM
electronic support measures
ETA
estimated time of arrival
Eurocontrol
European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
EU
European Union
EUROCAE
European Organisation for Civil Aviation Equipment
EW
electronic warfare
EWMS
electronic warfare management system
EXD
expand display
FAA
Federal Aviation Authority
FADEC
full-authority digital engine control
FANS
future air navigation system
FBW
fly-by-wire
FC
fibre channel
FCC
flight control computer
FCR
fire control radar
FCS
flight control system
FD
flight director
FDDS
flight deck display system
FDX
fast switched ethernet
FFAR
folding fin aerial rocket
FFT
fast Fourier transform
FIS
flight information services
FL
flight level
FLIR
forward looking infrared
FM
frequency modulation
FMS
flight management system
FO
fibre-optic
FOV/FoV
field of view
FPA
focal plane array
FSK
frequency shift key
FTD
flight test display
FTE
flight technical error
GaAs
gallium arsenide
GATM
global air traffic management
GEO
geostationery earth orbit
GLONASS
global navigation satellite system – Russian version of GPS
GM
ground mapping
GMR
ground-mapping radar
GMTI
ground moving target indicator
GNSS
global navigation satellite system
GP
general-purpose
GPIO
general-purpose input/output
GPS
global positioning system
GPWS
ground proximity warning system
GTM
ground targeting mode
HDD
head-down display
HE
high-explosive
hf, HF
high-frequency
HFDL
high-frequency data link
HIDAS
helicopter integrated defensive aids system
HMCS
helmet-mounted cueing system
HMD
helmet-mounted display
HMS
helmet-mounted sight
HMSS
helmet-mounted symbology system
HOJ
home on jam (mode of missile)
HOL
high-order language
HOTAS
hands-on throttle and stick
HPA
high-power amplifier
HQ
headquarters
HSDB
high-speed data bus
HTS
HARM targeting system
HUD
head-up display
HUD/WAC
head-up display/weapon-aiming computer
IAS
indicated airspeed
IBIT
initiated built-in test
IC
integrated circuit
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organisation
ICNIA
integrated communication, navigation and identification architecture
IDECM
integrated defensive electronic countermeasures
IDG
integrated drive generator
IDM
improved data modem
IDU
integrated display unit
IEEE
institute of electrical and electronic engineers
IFDL
in-flight data link
IFE
in-flight entertainment
IFF
identification friend or foe
IFoV
instantaneous field of view
IFPC
integrated flight and propulsion control
IFR
instrument flight rules
IFTS
integrated FLIR and targeting System
IFU
interface unit
IHADS
integrated helmet and display sight system
ILS
instrument landing system
IMINT
imaging intelligence (photographic)
InSb
indium antinomide
IN
inertial navigation
INEWS
integrated electronic warfare suite
INMARSAT
International Maritime Satellite Organisation
INS
inertial navigation system
INU
inertial navigation unit
I/O
input/output
IOC
initial operational capability
IR
infrared
IRS
inertial reference set
IRST
infrared search and track
IRSTS
infrared search, track and scan
ISAR
inverse synthetic aperture radar
ISS
integrated sensor system
ITU
International Telecommunications Union
IVSC
integrated vehicle subsystem controller
JASM
joint air-to-surface stand-off missile
JAST
joint advanced strike technology
JDAM
joint direct attack munition
JHMCS
joint helmet-mounted cueing system
JIAWG
Joint Industrial Avionics Working Group
JOVIAL
a software high-order language
JSF
joint strike fighter
JSOW
joint stand-off weapon
JTIDS
joint tactical information distribution system
JTRS
joint tactical radio system
K
Kelvin scale of temperature
LAAS
local area augmentation system
LANTIRN
low-altitude navigation and targeting infrared for night
Laser
light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
LC
liquid crystal
LC
load centre
LCoS
liquid crystal on silicon
LED
light-emitting diode
LGB
laser-guided bomb
Link 11
naval tactical data link
Link 16
tactical data link (basis for JTIDS)
LLTV
low-light television
LNA
low-noise amplifier
LNAV
lateral navigation
LoRaN
long-range navigation
LO
low observability
LOC
localiser
LORAN
a hyperbolic navigation beacon system
LOS
line of sight
LOX
liquid oxygen
LP
lightweight protocol
LP
log periodic
LP cock
low-pressure (fuel) cock
LPI
low probability of intercept
LRG
laser rate gyro
LRM
line replaceable module
LRU
line replaceable unit
LTPB
linear token passing bus
LTT
lead tin telluride
LWF
lightweight fighter
LWIR
long-wave infrared
M
Mach (number)
MAC
media access control
MAD
magnetic anomaly detector
MASA
multiarm spiral array
MAW
missile approach warning
MCDU
multifunction control and display unit
MCOS
multicomputing operating system
MCU
modular concept unit
MDA
minimum decision attitude
MDC
miniature detonating cord
MDE
mission data entry
MDHC
McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Company
MFD
multifunction display
MFOV
medium field of view
MHDD
multifunction head-down display
MILS
multiple independent levels of security
MIL-STD
military standard
MLC
main lobe clutter
MLS
microwave landing system
MMA
multirole maritime aircraft
MMC
modular mission computer
MMIC
monolithic microwave integrated circuits
MMR
multimode receiver
MM/SI
miniature munitions/store interface
MMU
memory management unit
MMW
multimode millimetric wave
MNPS
minimum navigation performance specifications
Mode A
ATC mode A (range and bearing)
Mode C
ATC mode C (range, bearing and altitude)
Mode S
ATC mode S (range, bearing, altitude and unique identification)
MoD
Ministry of Defence (UK)
MOPS
million operations per second
MOPS
minimum operational performance
MOTS
military off-the-shelf
MPA
maritime patrol aircraft
MPCD
multipurpose CRT display
MPD
multipurpose display
MRA
maritime reconnaissance and attack
MSL
mean sea level
MTBF
mean time between failures
MTL
multiturn loop
MTR
marked target receiver
MTT
multiple target tracking
MUX
Multiplex
MWIR
mid-wave infrared
MWS
missile warning system
nm
nautical mile
Navaids
navigation aids
NAS
national airspace system
NAT
North Atlantic
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NBC
nuclear, biological, chemical
Nd:YAG
neodymium ytrrium gallium arsenide
ND
navigation display
NDB
non-directional beacon
NEMP
nuclear electromagnetic pulse
NFOV
narrow field of view
NIIRS
national imagery interpretability rating scale
NTSC
National TV Standards Committee (TV standard)
NVD
night-vision devices
NVE
night-vision equipment
NVG
night-vision goggles
NVIS
night-vision imaging systems
OBOGS
on-board oxygen generation system
OCU
operational conversion unit
OLED
organic light-emitting diode
OS
operating system
OSB
option select button
OTH
over the horizon
P3I
preprogrammed product improvement
Pave Pace
US Air Force avionics technology programme (1990s)
Pave Pillar
US Air Force avionics technology programme (ca 1987)
PAL
phase alternating line (TV standard)
PbS
lead sulphide
PbSi
lead silicide
PBIT
power-up built-in test
PC
personal computer
PD
pulse Doppler
PDC
power distribution centre
PDG
pilot’s display group
P-DME
precision DME
PDU
pilot’s display unit
PFD
primary flight display
PFR
primary flight reference
PIRATE
passive infrared airborne tracking equipment
PIU
pylon interface unit
PJND
perceived just noticeable differences
PLB
personal locator beacon
PMFD
primary multifunction display
PNVS
pilot’s night-vision sight
POA
poly-a-olefin
PPI
plan position indicator
PPS
precise positioning service (a GPS service)
PRF
pulse repetition frequency
PRNAV
precision navigation
PRSOV
pressure-reducing shut-off valve
PS
power set
PSP
presignal processor
PSR
primary surveillance radar
QWIP
quantum well infrared detector
rms
root mean square
RadAlt
radar altimeter
RA
resolution advisory
RADINT
radar intelligence
RAeS
royal aeronautical society
RAF
Royal Air Force
RAIM
receiver autonomous integrity monitor
RAM
radar-absorbent material
RAT
ram air turbine
RCS
radar cross-section
RDMA
remote direct memory access
RDP
radar data processor
RF
radio frequency
RFI
radio-frequency interferometer
RFU
radio-frequency unit
RIO
remote input output
RLG
ring laser gyro
RMI
radio magnetic indicator
RNAV
area navigation
RNP
required navigation performance
RoE
rules of engagement
RP
radar processor
RPV
remotely piloted vehicle
RSS
root sum squares
RT
remote terminal
RTA
required time of arrival
RTCA
Radio Technical Committee Association
RTOS
real-time operating system
RTZ
return to zero
RVSM
reduced vertical separation minima
RWR
radar warning receiver
RWY
runway
RX
receive
SatCom
satellite communications
SA
situational awareness
SA
synthetic aperture
SAARU
secondary attitude air data reference unit
SAC
scene of action commander
SAE
Society of Automobile Engineers
SAHRS
secondary attitude and heading reference system
SAM
surface-to-air missile
SAR
search and rescue
SAR
synthetic aperture radar
SAW
surface acoustic wave
SCI
scalable coherent interface
SCSI
small computer system interface
SD
situation display
SD-S
situation display – secondary
SDU
satellite data unit
SEAD
suppression of enemy air defences
SEAM
sidewinder expanded acquisition mode
SFG
standby flight group
SHF
superhigh-frequency
SIAP
standard instrument approach procedure
SID
standard instrument departure
SIGINT
signals intelligence
SINCGARS
single-channel ground and airborne radar system
SLAR
sideways looking airborne radar
SLC
sidelobe clutter
SMD
stores management display
SMFD
secondary multifunction display
SMS
stores management system
SOV
shut-off valve
SPD
surface position display
SPS
secondary power system
SPS
standard positioning service (a GPS service)
SSB
single sideband
SSR
secondary surveillance radar
STA/Sta
station
S-TADILJ
satellite tactical data link J
STALO
stable local oscillator
STAR
standard terminal arrival routes
STC
sensitivity time control
STT
single-target tracking
STTI
single-target tracking and identification
SWIR
shortwave infrared
TA
traffic advisory
TAB
tape automated bonding
TACAN
tactical air navigation
TADS
target acquisition and designation sight
TAS
true airspeed
TAT
total air temperature
TAWS
terrain awareness and warning system
TBD
to be determined
TCAS
traffic collision avoidance system
TCP/IP
transport control protocol/Internet protocol
TDMA
time division multiple access
TERPROM
terrain profile matching
TFoV
total field of view
TFT
thin-film transistor
TFR
terrain-following radar
TIALD
thermal imaging and laser designation
TILL
target-illuminating laser
T-LCD
transmissive LCD
TPM
terrain-profiling mode
T/R
transmit receive
TSO
technical standing order
TV
television
TWS
track while scan
TWT
travelling wave tube
TX
transmit
UAE
United Arab Emirates
UAV
unmanned air vehicle, uninhabited air vehicle
UCAV
unmanned combat air vehicle
UFD
up-front display
UHF
ultrahigh-frequency
UK
United Kingdom
ULP
upper-level protocol
UMS
utilities management system
US
United States (as in American)
USA
United States of America
USMC
United States Marine Corps
USN
United States Navy
USNR
United States Navy Reserve
USSR
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
UV
ultraviolet
VDL
very high-frequency data link
VGA
video graphics adaptor
VHF
very high-frequency
VHFDL
very high-frequency data link
VLF
very low-frequency
VMC
visual meteorological conditions
VME
versa module Europe – a flexible open ended data bus system
VMS
vehicle management system
VNAV
vertical navigation
VORTAC
VOR/TACAN
VRD
virtual retinal display
VSCF
variable-speed constant-frequency
VSI
vertical situation indicator
WAAS
wide-area augmentation system
WATRS
West Atlantic route system
WBSA
wide-band synthetic array
WCMD
wind-corrected munitions dispenser
WGS-84
world geodetic system of 1984
WMS
wide-area master system
WRS
wide-area reference system
WWII
World War II (1939 to 1945)
XVGA
X video graphics adaptor
YAG
yttrium aluminium garnet

Units

Å
angstrom units
cd/m2
candela per metre squared
dB
decibel
ddBsm
decibel square metre
ft3
cubic foot
ftc
foot candle
ft-L
foot Lambert
h
hour
Hz
Hertz
kbit/s, kbps
kilobits per second
kHz
kilohertz
kV
kilovolt
Gbit/s
Gigabits per second
GHz
Gigahertz
GOPS
Giga operations per second
lb
pound
micron
1 millionth of a metre
mJ
millijoule
mrad
milliradian
Mbit/s
megabits per second
MHz
megahertz
μm
micron
nm
nautical mile
ns
nanosecond
THz
terrahertz
W
watt
$
US dollars

Aircraft Types

A-10
Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt
A-12
Lockheed A-12 high-speed reconnaissance aircraft
A300
Airbus A300 civil aircraft
A310
Airbus A310 civil aircraft
A330
Airbus A330 civil aircraft
AH-64
Boeing AH-64 Apache attack helicopter
Alphajet
Dassault/Dornier Alphajet trainer
ATA
advanced tactical aircraft
ATF
advanced tactical fighter
B-1
Rockwell B-1 Lancer – long-range multirole bomber
B-2
Northrop B-2 Spirit – multirole bomber
B-52
B-52 Stratofortress – long-range strategic bomber
B707
Boeing 707 civil aircraft
B737
Boeing 737 civil aircraft
B7657
Boeing 757 civil aircraft
B767
Boeing 767 civil aircraft
B777
Boeing 777 civil aircraft
BAC 1-11
BAE SYSTEMS 1-11 civil aircraft
Buccaneer
Blackburn Buccaneer bomber
C130
Lockheed Martin C-130 Hercules transport – basis for many types
Challenger
Bombardier Challenger 300 business jet
DC-9
McDonnel Douglas DC-9 civil aircraft
E-2C
Northrop-Grumann E-2C Hawkeye carrier-based AEW
E-3
Boeing E-3 Sentry AEW aircraft
E-4
Boeing 747 National Airborne Operational Centre
E-6
E-6 Mercury airborne communications system
EAP
BAe Experimental Aircraft Project
EMB-312
Embraer EMB-312 Tucano Trainer
EMB-326
Embraer EMB-326 Trainer
EMB-339
Embraer EMB-339 Trainer
F-4
McDonnell Douglas F4 Phantom fighter/bomber
F-15
Boeing (McDonnell) F-15 Eagle – all-weather tactical fighter
F-16
Lockheed Martin F-16 Fighting Falcon – multirole fighter
F/A-18
F/A-18 Hornet
F-22
Raptor
F-35
Lockheed Martin F-35
F-86
LTV F-86 Sabre fighter
F-89
Lockheed F-89 Scorpion
F-94
Lockheed F-94 Starfire
F117
Lockheed Martin F-117 Nighthawk stealth attack aircraft
G-V
Gulfstream G-V
Global Express
Bombardier Global Express
Gripen
SAAB Gripen
Jaguar
Sepecat Jaguar
KC-135
Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker Tanker conversion from B707
Mig-21
Mikoyan-Gurevich Mig-21 Fishbed fighter/bomber
Mig-23
Mikoyan-Gurevich Mig-23 Flogger fighter/bomber
Mig-29
Mikoyan-Gurevich Mig-29 fighter
Mirage 2000
Dassault Mirage 2000 fighter
Nimrod MR2
BAE SYSTEMS Nimrod maritime patrol aircraft
Nimrod MRA4
BAE SYSTEMS Nimrod maritime patrol aircraft
PC-9
Pilatus/BAE SYSTEMS PC-9 primary trainer
Rafale
Dassault Rafale – two-engine multirole combat aircraft
RAH-66
Commanche helicopter
S-3
Lockheed S-3 Viking ASW aircraft
S-92
Sikorsky S-92 utility helicopter
Sea Harrier
BAE SYSTEMS Sea Harrier
SR-71
Lockheed Martin Blackbird – high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft
Su-24
Sukhoi Su-24 Fencer
Su-27
Sukhoi Su-27
T-38
Northrop T-38 Talon trainer
T-46
Fairchild Republic T-36 trainer
Tornado
Panavia Tornado
TU-20
Tupolev TU-20 Bear bomber/maritime patrol aircraft
TU-22
Tupolev TU-22 Backfire bomber
TU-126
Tupolev TU-126 AEW
U-2
Lockheed Martin U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft
VC10
BAE SYSTEMS (Vickers) VC10
YF-22
Lockheed Martin
YF-23
Northrop