Index – Indian Political Thought, 2nd Edition

Index

A

Abbasid Caliphs (AD 750–1258), xx

Agarkar, Gopal Ganesh, 195, 197

Age of Consent Bill, 198199

Ain-i-Akbari, xii, xv, xxi, 128

Akbar Nama, xv, 128, 132

Ali, Rahmat, 288

All India Scheduled Castes Federation, 352

All-India Depressed Classes League, 352

Amarakosh, xix

Ambedkar, B. R.

Bombay Moneylenders Bill, 379

Constituent Assembly of India, 352353

critique of Marxism, 383385

draft constitution, 354356

economics of caste system, 381383

on industrialization, 375376

Khoti system, 376377

labour movement, 379381

linguistic states, 357358

Mahar Vatan, 377379

nationalization of agricultural land, 387389

notion of economic rights, 370375

notion of political rights, 365370

notion of socio-cultural rights, 362365

political mobilization and participation, 351356

safeguards for scheduled castes, 356357

state socialism, 385387

understanding, 361362

work in various committees, 353

American model of liberal democracy, 260

Anderson, Benedict, 292

Anthony, Susan B, 260

Anusilan Samiti, 317

Arthaśāstra, xxii, xv, 5, 1322, 54, 57

centralization of state, 1922

circle of states, 2325

constituents of the state, 17

foreigners, 15

government departments, 1719

occupations and professions, 15

theory of inter-state relations in, 2325

varna system, 1415

Aryans, 173174

Ashoka’s dhamma (Skt. Dharma), xix, xxii, 69

ashvamedha, xvii

Aśoka’s inscriptions, 6

Aurobindo, xxv, 304

active resistanc, 240242

caste system, 247

criticism of Gandhian preaching, 242

cultural nationalism, 243247

cultural and religious emancipation of nation, 245

economic reconstruction and idea of boycott, 249250

education, 248249

freedom, 244245

idea of passive resistance, 240243

nation as a divine entity, 245246

political activities of, 237240

political freedom, 243

sanatan dharma, 244245

social background and birth, 236237

swadeshi economy, 249250

as vice-principal of Baroda College, 236

on violence and assassinations, 242243

Azad, Maulana, 291

B

Badauni, Abdul Qadir, 128

balutedari system, 172

Barani, Zia

army, 8788

bureaucracy, 8889

ideal polity, 8692

ideal sultan, 8285

justice, 8992

laws, 8687

nobility, 8586

social background, 8182

theory of kingship, 8286

Basava, 5960

civil society and public sphere, 6567

democratic practices, 6364

equality, 6773

gender equality, 7374

Kayaka and Dasoha, 7072

liberty and freedom, 7476

philosophy, 6263

political philosophy, 63

social background and birth, 63

on society, 61

Bengal Renaissance, 154155

bhaktiyoga, xv

Birla, G. D., 291

Bombay Moneylenders Bill, 379

bourgeois economy, 310

Brahminism (Vedism and Vedanta), xiv

Brihadaranyaka, xvii

Buddhism, xiv, xviixix, 62

dasa-rājadharma

   Mahāyāna tradition, 3

Noble Eight-fold Path, 4

Noble Truths, 3

Theravāda tradition, 3

Vajrayāna, 3

C

Chattopadhyay, Bankim Chandra

Chhatra-Yuva Sangharsha Vahini, 422

communism, xiv

conditioned state, 3

Constituent Assembly of India, 352353

D

decolonization theory, 324

dependent origination (paṭiccasamuppāda), 4

dhamma of Buddha, 34

dharmachakra (Divine Wheel), xix

dharmashastra, xv, 16, 19, 46, 48, 55

dialectics, xx

Dīgha Nikāya, xix

E

ekadeva, xv

European Renaissance (AD 1350–1650), xxvi

F

Fazl, Abul

Akbar as ideal king, 132

concept of one God and universality of laws of Quran, 128

Dahsala system, 135

divine theory of Padshahat (Badshahat), 129130

division of society, 131132

justice, 133

interpretation of history, 127129

land revenue and army structure, 135136

political ideas in Islam, 127128

religious tolerance, 130131

religious views, 136137

sovereignty, 130131

views on administration, 133135

federal structure of the Indian administrative system, 407408

feudal system in India, 323

Four-Pillar state, 404412

free will, 4

G

ganasanghas, xv

Gandhi, Mohandas K., xiv, 303, 348

conquest of adversary by self-suffering, 269

corporate activity of, 265

Gandhi, Mohandas K. (continued)

educational activities, 265266

health care, 266

Hind Swaraj, 264

ideal society, 265

on mechanization process, 266

passive resistance, 268269

restoration process, 263

satyagraha, 263, 267270

Satyagrahi, characteristics, 269270

swaraj, 263267

voluntary discipline, 267

Ghose, Aurobindo, 198

Gokhle, G., 196197

Gopalachari, Raj, 299

Guruvayoor Sathyagraha, 210

H

Hindu Dharma, 300

Hindu way of life, xixxx

Hindu Widows Home, 259

Hinduism and Hindu culture, 299304

Hinduism, xiv

Hindustani vision, xiii, xxxxii

Hindutva and ideology of Hindu rashtra, 298299, 305

history, xiii

I

Indian political thought in British India, xxiixxiii

in later Medieval India, xxxxii

metaphysical and philosophical foundations, xivxx

methodological problems in study, xixiv

in modern India, xxiixxvii

Indian Renaissance, xxv

Indo-Islamic political theory, xxi

international capitalist system, 324

J

Jacobinism, 325

Jainism, xiv, xviiixix, 62

Jalal, Ayesha, 291

Janapadas, 2

Jinnah, Mohammed Ali conceptualization of nationalism and democracy, 282

democratic Pakistani polity, 286

early years, 272279

formulation of a nation, 292

Hindus and Muslims, 289290

Hindu-Muslim unity, 281

as Muslim Gokhale, 279

as a nationalist, 272

nationalizing and secularizing communal Muslim politics, 282287

principle of Islam, 286

religion, 279282, 290

secularism, 279282

state, 279282

“Two Nation Theory,” 287292

jnanayoga, xv

K

Kabir

bhakti, 98

judicial administration, 100

participation of people in decision making and in social construction, 100

political ideas, 96101

works of, 9596

karmas, 4

karmayoga, xv

Kautilya

structure of the economy, 1516

structure of the society, 1415

Khan, Sir Syed Ahmad, 287

kingship, theory of, 46

L

Lahore resolution, 289

Leninist’s theory of imperialism, 318

Lohia, Ram Manohar

democracy and socialism, 404407

economic equality, 402

equality, 396404

equal opportunity for women, 401

federal structure of the Indian administrative system, 407408

Four-Pillar state, 404412

freedom, 393396

general and abstract concept of equality, 399400

inward equality and outward equality, 400402

legal equality, 402

measures for achievement of equality, 403404

methods of equality, 403

minimum standard of civilized life, 402

political equality, 402

resistance against authority, 396

Lok Sangharsha Samiti, 422

M

mahajanapadas, xv, 2

Mahāsammata, 5

mahasammata, xix

Manusmriti, 4647, 178, 256

legal tenets, 5457

occupational varnas, 53

principles of government, 5153

rajdharma or statecraft, 4851

religious principles or dhamasutra, 54

stridhan, 54

varnashrama, 5354, 56

Manusmriti, xxii

Marxian theory

of dialectical materialism, 327

of class struggle, 327

to colonial countries, 318

notion of revolution, 329

Matsyanyaya, 47

Medhavi, Bepin Bihari, 254

Mukti Mission, 259

Munshi, K. M., 299

Muslim League, 289

Muslim zamindars and capitalists, 291

N

Narayan, Jayaprakash, 415

on Gandhism, 419423

on Marxism and Democratic socialism, 416419

reliance on lokniti and lokshakti, 422

Sarvodaya of, 420421

vision of a community of moral and civic citizens, 421422

Narayana Guru

advaita philosophy, 206207

agriculture, 215216

Anukamba Darsakam, 209

approach to social problems, 210

Atmopadesa Sathakam, 208

call for “One race, One religion, One God,” 217

cleanliness, 215

concept of organization, 214215

Daivadasakam, 215

Darshana Mala, 207208

devotion (Bhakti) for God, 215

economic development and justice, 212213

education, 213216

fight against poverty, 216

fundamentals of Sanatana Dharma, 206, 211212, 217218

industrialization, 215216

Jati-Nirnayam, 208

Jeeva Karunya Panchakam, 208

Mathaparivarthana Rasavadam, 217218

metaphysical foundations, 206

on non-violence (Ahimsa), love and unity, 208

psychological and bhakti mode of reforms, 211

regeneration and development, 210

on religious conversion, 217218

social equality and economic justice, 212

social empowerment, 212213, 217

social reform process in Kerala, 210

social upliftment of the depressed masses, 217

status of women, 212

temple revolution, 210211

unity of humanity, 211

writings and devotional poems, 209

Nehru, Jawaharlal culture, 310311

cultural modernity, 311

dismissal of the Communist Party, 312

economy and technology, 309310

foreign policy, 314315

ideas of development, 308

idea of formal power-sharing, 312

liberal democratic rights of citizenship, 313

modernity, 308, 314

Nehruvian state, 309310

politics, 311313

political modernity, 311312

Nehru, Jawaharlal (continued)

protected market, 310

social uplift of lower castes, 313

Nehru, Jawaharlal, xiv

Nirvāṇa/Nibbāna, 4

Nivedita, Sister, 221

P

Pakistan, 284288, 292

Patanjali’s Yogsutra, 268

Phule, Jotirao

Brahma, depiction of, 179

contributions, 188191

course of liberation, 178183

criticism of the colonial rule, 171, 176177, 183184, 190

critique of Brahmin hegemony, 182183

cultivator’s situation during the British rule, 177

depiction of slavery, 173176

demonization of Hindu deities, 179180

education for liberation, 184185

equality theory, 186188

exploitation and deprivations of the lower castes, 176177

gender justice, 171, 185186

ideas of heaven, 186187

impacts of enslavement, 176178

indicative history, 188

life and times, 170173

plays, poems and polemical works, 171

on predicament of the shudras and atishudras, 173175, 185186, 188

on rituals of pollution and purity, 178

willing compliance of the subjugated people, 176

political mobilization and participation, 351356

privileged people of Vedic religion, 60

Protestantization, xxiv

R

Radical democracy, 329

Radical Humanism, 326, 328329

Radical Humanist society, 329

rajadharma, xv

Rajamandala, theory of, 2325

Ramabai, Pandita

in America, 259260

criticism of British government, 260

critique of patriarchy and demand for civil rights, 255256

Cry of Indian Women, 254, 257

feminist discourse, 254255

gender justice and civil rights, 253, 257258

The High Caste Hindu Women, 254, 257

individualism, 261

internationalism and nationalism, 259260

as a liberal feminist, 260261

life and times, 253254

Mukti Prayer Bell, 255

role as a spokesperson, 256

salvation and liberation for Indian women, 258259

as a social reformer, 261

social and religious reservations, 260

Stri Dharma Niti, 257

United Stateschi Lokesthiti ani Pravasvritta, 255

Ramaswamy (Periyar), E.V., 210

abolition of caste, 338340

accomplishments of, 333

humanism, 346347

legacy of, 347348

as a rationalist, 336338

revolution and communism, 344345

Self Respect Communist Party, 343345

social relations, 348

understanding, 334336

urban-rural divide, 341342

use of rationality, 342343

on violence, 346

women’s liberation, 340341

vision for the future, 345346

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), 300

regional languages of modern India, xx

Rig Veda, xv

Roy, M. N.

analysis of Indian society, 322325

contemporary capitalist society, 327328

critical of Marx’s notion of revolution, 329

critical of Marxian theory of class struggle, 327

differences of opinion with Lenin, 317322

on Indian National Congress, 326

intellectual elite, 329

liberation of colonies, 317318

nihilistic attitude of, 325

organized democracy, 329

parliamentary democracy, 328

party politics, 329330

political career, 316

Radical democracy, 329

Radical Humanism, 328329

rejection of Marxism, 326330

sovereignty of the individual, 328

vision of Marxism and strategy and tactics of revolution, 325326

Roy, Raja Rammohan, xxv

abolition of sati, 156157

on British liberal ideology, 154

on Christianity, 155

codification of Hindu law, 162163

colonial encounter, 157159

constitutionalism, 162165

Essay on Rights of Hindus over Ancestral Property, 163

founding of the Hindu College, 159160

free trade imperialism, 158

friends circle, 155156

hindu idolatry, 157

internationalism and universal destiny of man, 161

journals/newpapers, 156

legal and political thought, 162165

plans for modern education, 160

practical knowledge of law and legal institutions, 163

primary quest, 154

free trade imperialism, 158

quasi-judicial powers, 163

rationalist foundations, 159162

reason and reasonableness, 160

redistribution of wealth, 159

reformism of, 159162

religious and philosophical works, 162

in service of Europeans, 155156

social background and birth, 153157

‘true basis’ of Hinduism, 156

Roy, Ram Mohan, 60

Rushdie, Salman, 292

ryotwari system, 172

S

Sapta Sindhu, 300

Saptang theory of state, 1622

centralization of state, 1922

government departments, 1719

Sarvodaya, 420421

Savarkar, Vinayak Damodar

Abhinav Bharat, 297

critique of Hinduism, 304305

definition of Hindutva, 303

definition of India, 300

essentials of Hindutva, 302

Hinduism and Hindu culture, 299304

Hindutva and ideology of Hindu rashtra, 298299, 305

Hindutva: Who Is a Hindu?, 299

idea of territorial and political nationalism, 303

identification of India, 303

organising skills of, 298

social works of, 305

revolutionary life of, 296298

temple entry and fair treatment to the lower castes, 304305

on untouchability, 304

vision of a free India, 297298

writings and activism of, 296

Sedition Committee Report of 1918, 220

Sharda Sadan, 259

Shintus, 301

social mobility among castes, 96, 172, 308, 311

socialism, xiv

Socialist Party’s Election Manifesto of 1962, 410

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 260

States Reorganization Commission

Report (SRCR), 357358

Stone, Lucy, 260

T

Thirukkural, 3132

Thiruvalluvar

advisory committee of the king, 3438

agriculture, 4142

army, 3940

diplomacy, 4041

ethics, 32

fort, 39

gender questions, 4344

greatness of kingdom, 3839

ideals for human condition, 32

management, 4243

moral values, 43

poverty, 41

social background and birth, 3132

virtues of ruler, 3234

water resources, 42

wealth, 39

Tilak, Bal Gangadhar

agenda of Swaraj, 195, 202203

attainment of Swarajya, 202

compromise with the Muslim League, 195

conversion of Hindu women to Christianity, opposition to, 199

criticism of the colonial rule, 202

Factories Act of 1881, opposition to, 195

formation of a pan-Indian business house, 196

freedom, concept of, 200, 202203

Ganapati Puja and Shivaji Mahotsva, 195196

idea of nationalism, 200202

local cultural resources, 201

Mahratta and Kesari weeklies, 196

mobilization of the masses, 194197

political philosophy, 199200

reformative and legislative measures, 194

on regenerating and reawakening the Indians, 195

reinterpretation of Gita (Gita Rahasya), 197

socially determined reforms, 199

social reforms, 197199

support to Indian labour and business, 197

Swadeshi, Boycott and Education, principles of, 195196

technique of mass mobilization, 194

widow remarriage, 199

women education, 198

writings, 194

Tuhfat-ul-Muwahidin, 156

Tulsidas, Goswami

egalitarianism, 113

gender justice, 114116

ideal state, 120123

integrated and inclusive view of life, 112116

political philosophy, 107110

rejection of caste and creed distinctions, 114

restoration of moral order, 110112

secularization and humanization of the values, 116117

social background and birth, 103107

social dimension of devotion, 113114

state and its policies, 117123

writings, 103

two nation theory, 287292

U

Umayyad (AD 661–750), xx

V

Vaikom Sathyagraha, 210

varna system, xxi, 1415, 5354, 172

Vedantic Idealist Vision, xvii

Vedic Folklores, xvxvii

Veershaiva Lingayat Movement, 5960

Vemana, 140142

ambiguity about life of, 141

critique on Brahminical ritualism and caste dominance, 145151

discourse presentation, 144145

method of communication, 144145

popularity of compositions, 142

state and politics, 149151

subalterneity, 142144

subaltern productive and service castes, 147149

Verma, Shyamji Krishna, 297

Viparināmadukkha, 3

Vivekananda, Swami, 210, 217

asuras of Hindu mythology, 228

concern for India, 225230

criticism of British colonial rule, 226227

criticism of contemporary Indian society, 229

as an eager learner, 221

efficacy of social legislation, 230

future reconstruction of the country, 233

India as spiritual teacher of humanity, 228

life and times, 222225, 232

philosophical views, 220221

polarized assessments of, 221

on political freedom, 229

problems of contemporary India, 225230

reading of Vedanta, 231

on religious conversion, 231232

revitalization of Indian life, 230233

solution to India’s pressing problems, 228

works of, 220222

W

Western democracies, 420

Widows mission house, 259