Index – The Complete Idiot's Guide to Private Investigating, Third Edition

Index

A

address location

methods, 246

name is known, 245

administrative costs, 286

adopted children

desire for privacy, 8

finding birth parents, 7

adoption and estates, diligent search, 255

adoption gone bad, 262

affidavit, 269

billing, 269

databases, 268

death, 261

families and relatives, 260

hospitals, 265

last-known address, 256-257

last-known employer, 258-259

law, 256

local law enforcement agencies, 263

military, 267

National Crime Information Center, 261

prison system, 264

regulatory agencies, 259

state law enforcement records, 263

taxable obligations, 268

telephone numbers, 262

utility company records, 266

affidavit, 269

alimony payments, 7

background check, 69

reducing, 68

supportive relationship, 68

Android, 96

ANI. See automatic number identification

arbitration, 120

AT&T, 96

ATM transactions, 206

attorney

-client privilege, 297

malpractice suit, 262

negative information given to, 275

work product, 296

automatic number identification (ANI), 89

automobile, 26

best bet, 26

flashy sport cars, 26

horsepower, 26

kidnapper vans, 26

vehicle looking like police car, 26

B

background investigations, 239

address location, 245

methods, 246

name is known, 245

basic goods, 241

company startup, 248

application process, 250

client interface, 249

Fair Credit Reporting Act, 248

new company, 248

website creation, 249

criminal, 246

date of birth, 242

driving history, 244

Field Identification card, 244

local sheriff’s office, 243

name search, 241

license tag, 242

methods, 241

plead down, 246

pre-employment background check, 250

credit report, 252

criminal record search, 251

driving records, 252

educational verification, 252

national criminal history search, 251

reasons, 240

Social Security trace, 252

prenuptial investigations, 247

reasons, 240

vague notion, 239

Bailey, Robert, 11

bank loan records, 77

bankruptcy courts, 67

Chapter 7, 67

Chapter 11, 67

Chapter 13, 67

due diligence searches, 67

liquidation, 67

reorganization, 67

billing, diligent search, 269

binoculars, 33

Blackberry, 96

blackmail, 191

blood spatter expert, 226

bodyguard, 8

bonds, 18

bookkeeping, 286

administrative costs, 286

charges, 286

competition, 286

getting stuffed by client, 287

retainer, 286

advice, 286

client’s tally, 287

Brady v. Maryland, 233

Brady violation, 232-233

bugs, 209-210

burden of proof, 225

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, 66

burglar’s getaway vehicle, 113

butt dialing, 96

butt set, 215

C

cable television junction boxes, 218

California Penal Code 637.7, 188

caller ID, 89, 171

automatic number identification, 89

electronic surveillance, 220

spoofing, 86, 90

camera, 26

Canon 5D Mark III, 15, 27

dark venues, 29

infrared night shot capability, 30

ISO speed of 3200 or 6400, 29

digital zoom, 29

documenting crime scenes and locations, 27

documenting injuries, 27

evidence of suspected behavior, 27

facial recognition, 29

fast shutter speed, 29

features, 27

hidden, 189

infrared night shot capability, 30

megapixels, 28

Nikon, 27

optical zooms, 29

photographs

identifiable subject, 29

time and date notation, 31

pinhole-lens, 191

shooting, 30

single-lens reflex, 27

situations calling for, 26

software manipulation of photographs, 28

storage media, 28

super-long lens, 29

time and date stamp, 193

video camera, 30

visual of subject, 26

zoom capabilities, 28

cardinal rule of private investigation, 290

case direction, analysis and, 271

Casio Rock cell phone, 96

CD/DVD burner, 32

CDMA technology. See code division multiple access technology

cell forensics, 96

cell phone

acquisition type performed on, 97

categories, 96

FAQs, 94

GPS-enabled, 207

logical examination, 97

mining, 93

physical acquisition, 97

popular, 96

SIM cards, 97

surveillance communication, 127

tracking, runaway teenagers, 206

chain of custody on evidence, 281

child custody issues, 184-185

anecdotal evidence, 186

emergency hearing, 186

photographs, 185

child support, 7

ChoicePoint, 49

circuit courts, 62

civil actions, money amounts, 62

civil cases

preponderance of the evidence, 225

witness, 236

civil courts, 64

clerk of the higher court, 62

clients, finding, 20

customer base, 21

marketing, 20

specialty niche, 21

Clinton, Bill, 222

code division multiple access (CDMA) technology, 151

color printer, 32

company startup, 248

application process, 250

client interface, 249

Fair Credit Reporting Act, 248

new company, 248

website creation, 249

computer

choice, 31

best product available, 31

fast internet connection, 31

power, 31

RAM, 32

peripherals, 32

CD/DVD burner, 32

color printer, 32

external hard drive, 32

spouse’s, 177

tablet, 32

confrontational situations, 131

countermeasure sweep

aspects, 210

definition, 209

request for, 209

countersurveillance, 209

county courthouses, 59

official records, 59

case, 60

claim, 60

real property, 59

property appraiser, 61

court, 289. See also courthouse prowling

bankruptcy, 67

Chapter 7, 67

Chapter 11, 67

Chapter 13, 67

due diligence searches, 67

liquidation, 67

reorganization, 67

cardinal rule of private investigation, 290

county, 62

cross-examination, 300

attorney’s job, 301

just answer it rule, exceptions, 300

questions, 300

depositions, 293

court reporter, 293

nursing homes, 295

refusal to be interviewed, 295

reluctant witness, 294

witnesses, 294

ghostwriting, 290

case, 290

prosecution for, 291

grand jury, 299

process, 299

testimony, 300

witnesses, 300

impartiality, 290

law, 290

lying in court, 278

preparation of case, 290

subpoena, 289

acceptance, 291

definition, 291

not responding to, 292

testimony

forms, 289

travel expenses, 292

witness

fee, 292

misstating of statements, 290

work product, 296

attorney-client privilege, 297

example, 297

jury, 298

misconception, 299

opposing counsel, 296

privilege, 296

rule, 296

court reporter, 293

court ruling, spouse’s computer, 177

courtesy officer, 200

courthouse prowling, 57

access to records, 58

alimony payments, reducing, 68

background check, 69

supportive relationship, 68

bankruptcy courts, 67

Chapter 7, 67

Chapter 11, 67

Chapter 13, 67

due diligence searches, 67

liquidation, 67

reorganization, 67

county courthouses, 59

official records, 59

property appraiser, 61

real property, 59

federal civil and criminal courts, 65

federal criminal cases, search for, 66

state civil court system, 61

court actions, complaint, 63

defendant, 63

higher civil courts, 62

lower civil courts, 63

plaintiff, 63

state criminal courts, 64

cowboy cop, 212

credit bureaus, 74

credit score, 75

Equifax, 74

Experian, 74

Fair Credit Reporting Act, 75

permissible purposes, 75

reasons for checking, 75-76

TransUnion, 74

credit cards, 184

runaway teenagers using, 205

warning, 205

credit header information, 78

credit report, 252

contents, 76

credit headers, 78

judgments, 76-77

crime scene

distance from surveillance point, 229

evidence, 230

other dude did it defense, 231

photography, 226, 229

questions, 228

testimony, 229

walk-through, 227

criminal background check, 246

criminal defense cases, 223

blood spatter, 226

Brady violation, 232-233

burden of proof, 225

court-appointed attorney, 224

crime scene, 227

distance from surveillance point, 229

evidence, 230

other dude did it defense, 231

photography, 229

questions, 228

testimony, 229

walk-through, 227

discovery evidence, 225

blood spatter expert, 226

case, 225

crime scene photos, 226

expert witness, 236

FBI, 223

guilt or innocence, 224

game plan, 225

where to start, 224

informants, 234-235

paid, 235

when to use, 235

jail informant, 236

law enforcement, 223

Northern California Innocence Project, 232

perjured testimony, 224

police approach, 225

precept, 223

principal criminal charge, 223

prison and jail visits, 233

county jail, 233

perjured testimony, 234

privacy, 234

scheduling, 233

work product, 234

witnesses, 231

case, 231

karma, 232

criminal record search, 251

cross-examination, 300

attorney’s job, 301

just answer it rule, exceptions, 300

questions, 300

D

data brokers, illegal means to obtain data, 86

databases, 71

access, 71

contents, 73

cost to locate information, 73

credit bureaus, 74

credit score, 75

permissible purposes, 75

reasons for checking, 75-76

credit report

contents, 76

credit headers, 78

judgments, 76

Death Master File, 261

diligent search, 268

FAA Accidents and Incident, 253

Federal Bureau of Prisons, 51

information sources, 73

National Crime Information Center, 261

PACER, 50, 65

proprietary data, 80

public, 45

broad view, 49

case, 45

public records, 80

subscription, 50

Enformion, 78

FMS Research, 78

IRBsearch, 78

Locate Plus, 78

Merlin, 78

no hit, no fee searches, 79

PallTech, 78

SkipMax, 78

Skipsmasher, 79

TLO, 79

Tracers Information Specialists, 79

Dazzle software, 34

deadbeat parents, 7

Death Master File, 47-49

password, 48

search price, 47

defendant, 63

definitions

arbitration, 120

blood spatter, 226

Brady violation, 233

broadcasting in the blind, 142

butt set, 215

courtesy officer, 200

defendant, 63

deposition, 110, 293

drive-by, 175

electronic serial number, 92

federal criminal cases, 66

Field Identification card, 244

getting burned, 124

ghostwriting, 290

GIF, 204

GPS, 151

grand jury, 299

HIPAA, 265

impeaching of witness’s testimony, 277

informant, 235

JPEG, 204

judgment, 77

junction box, 214

landline telephone line, 211

liquidation, 67

nonpublished number, 84

pinhole-lens, 191

plaintiff, 63

plead down, 246

point man, surveillance, 141

premise liability case, 105

privilege, 296

Pro Bono, 72

real property, 59

reciprocity agreement, 17

recorded statement, 276

reorganization, 67

results billing, 108

skip tracing, 7

subpoena, 6, 291

telephone break, 85

work product, 296

Department of Motor Vehicles, 46

deposition, 110

court reporter, 293

definition, 293

nursing homes, 295

refusal to be interviewed, 295

reluctant witness, 294

witnesses, 294

digital age, 282

digital camera, 15

digital recorder, 36

digital zoom, 29

diligent search, adoption and estates, 255

adoption gone bad, 262

affidavit, 269

billing, 269

databases, 268

death, 261

families and relatives, 260

hospitals, 265

last-known address, 256-257

last-known employer, 258-259

law, 256

local law enforcement agencies, 263

military, 267

National Crime Information Center, 261

prison system, 264

regulatory agencies, 259

state law enforcement records, 263

taxable obligations, 268

telephone numbers, 262

utility company records, 266

discovery evidence, 225

blood spatter, 226

case, 225

crime scene photos, 226

divorce, alimony payments, 7

background check, 69

reducing, 68

supportive relationship, 68

document retrieval, 5

domestic relations cases, 194

DPPA. See Driver’s Privacy Protection Act

drive-by, 175

Driver’s Privacy Protection Act (DPPA), 245

driving records, 252

Drug Enforcement Agency, 66

due diligence searches, 67

DVD burner, 33, 282

Dazzle software, 34

standalone burner, 34

E

educational verification, 252

electronic serial number (ESN), 92, 206

electronic surveillance, 209, 213

alligator clips, 220

bugs, 209-210

butt set, 215

cable television junction boxes, 218

caller ID, 220

case, 218

countermeasure sweep

aspects, 210

definition, 209

request for, 209

countersurveillance, 209

home phone lines, 213

home search, 213

inside job, 213

junction box, 214, 218, 220

landline telephone line, 211

laws, 221

legalities, 221

outside job, 214

paranoia, 211

phone lines outside the house, 214

phone tap, definition, 211

recorder hidden by spouse, 214

telephone interface, 221

telephone line, locating, 219

telephone operation, 216

telephone wires, 219

terminology, 210

threat evaluation, 211

court testimony, 213

cowboy cop, 212

illegal tap, 212

search for phone tap, 212

wireless communication, 211

wiretaps, 209-210

employment information, pretexting, 159

Enformion, 78

Equifax, 74

ESN. See electronic serial number

estates, diligent search, 255

affidavit, 269

billing, 269

databases, 268

death, 261

families and relatives, 260

hospitals, 265

last-known address, 256-257

last-known employer, 258-259

law, 256

local law enforcement agencies, 263

military, 267

National Crime Information Center, 261

prison system, 264

regulatory agencies, 259

state law enforcement records, 263

taxable obligations, 268

telephone numbers, 262

utility company records, 266

ethics, 185, 190

evidence, 272

anecdotal, 186

blood spatter, 227

case, 272

discovery, 225

blood spatter, 226

case, 225

crime scene photos, 226

originals and duplicates, 281

chain of custody on the evidence, 281

reports, charges for writing, 281

photographic, 176

positive for defendants, 274

positive for plaintiff, 274

rule, 34

testimonial, 276

workmen’s compensation, 272

written statement, 276

expectation of privacy, 189

Experian, 74

expert witness, 236

external hard drive, 32

F

FAA Accident and Incident database, 253

Facebook, 7, 43-44

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), 75, 248

Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 90

family law cases, 181

alcoholism, 192

child custody issues, 184-186

domestic relations cases, 194

ethics, 185

ex, children, and boyfriend, 192

GPS tracking, 183

California statute, 188

glitch, 184

gray areas, 187

borderline civil/criminal issue, 190

community property state, 188

ethical quandary, 190

expectation of privacy, 189

GPS trackers, 187

hidden cameras, 189

lying under oath, 185

need for PI, 181

child custody, 182

money, 182

need to know, 181

photographs, 182

signed statement, 187

visitation, 192

father of private investigation, 4

FBI. See Federal Bureau of Investigation

FCRA. See Fair Credit Reporting Act

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 66

302 report, 284

agent, assault on, 105

Criminal Justice Information Services Division records, 251

neighborhood investigations, 114, 122

phone tap, 212

Federal Bureau of Prisons website, 51

federal civil and criminal courts, 65

federal criminal cases, search for, 66

federal districts, 66

federal judicial system, 65

Federal Telephone Records and Privacy Protection Act of 2006, 174

FI card. See Field Identification card

Field Identification (FI) card, 244

financial rewards, 21

fixed mobile surveillance, 126

cell phones, 127

van configurations, 126

fixed surveillance, 124

case, 125

caution, 126

site, 126

team, 124

Florida Statute 493.6119, 300

FMS Research, 78

foot surveillance, 139

carry an iPad or other tablet computer, 140

change your appearance, 139

don’t get in front of subject, 139

keep something between you and subject, 139

Fourth Amendment, 152

G

gated communities, moving surveillance, 145

genealogy websites, 48

getaway car, neighborhood investigations, 116

getting burned, 124

ghostwriting, 290

case, 290

prosecution for, 291

GIF photographs, 204

Giglio v. United States, 232

GPS technology, 150, 187

California statute, 188

cell phones, 207

device selection, 152

family law cases, 183

glitch, 184

reports real-time data, 151

telephone, 151

travels of vehicle, 151

U.S. Supreme Court ruling, 152

ways to track subject, 150

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, 158

grand jury, 299

definition, 299

process, 299

testimony, 300

witnesses, 300

GSM phones, 97

H–I

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), 265

hidden cameras, 189

Homeland Security, 66, 212

hospitals, diligent search, 265

impartiality, standard, 290

impeached testimony, example, 277

in-house investigations, 5

infidelity, 169

behavioral changes, 170

blank spots, 171

body image, 170

counseling the client, 179

children, 179

gathering proof, 180

health considerations, 179

problem solving, 179

dead-giveaway clues, 173

diseases, 178

doctor analogy, 170

drive-by, 175

gut feeling, 169

hang-up telephone calls, 171

listening to others, 175

missing in action, 175

need for privacy, 172

no-fault divorce states, 178

obligation to clients, 179

plan of action, 179

required proof, 176

review of bills, 173

cell phone calls, 174

credit card charges, 173

spouse’s computer, 177

court ruling, 177

expectation of privacy, 177

Fourth Amendment analysis, 177

informants, 234

jail, 236

paid, 235

when to use, 235

injuries, documenting, 27

insurance

claimant, 129, 136

claims adjuster, 14

companies

business from, 33

work product, 298

fraud, 3

liability, 18

workmen’s compensation, 162

Internal Revenue Service, sending message via, 50

internet, 22

access to PACER, 66

search engine optimization, 22

websites, 22

creation, 249

Defense Manpower Data Center, 267

Enformion, 78

Equifax, 74

Experian, 74

Federal Bureau of Prisons, 51

findmyskip.com, 50

FMS Research, 78

G.A. Public Record Services, 251

genealogy, 48

GlobalTrackingGroup.com, 152

International Research Bureau, 72

IRBsearch, 78

Locate Plus, 78

Merlin, 78

mistake PIs make, 22

National Background Data, 251

National Student Clearing House, 252

National Victim Notification Network, 52

need for, 22

Omni Data Retrieval, 251

PallTech, 78

Phoenix Research, 251

property appraisers, 46

Public Access to Court Electronic Records, 65

SkipMax, 78

Skipsmasher, 47, 79, 85, 93

spydialer.com, 93

TLO, 50, 79

Tracers Information Specialists, 47, 50, 79

TransUnion, 74

TSCM/Special Operations Group, 34

www.555-1212.com, 85

www.bop.gov, 264

www.dalmaninvestigations.com/id7.html, 177

www.dpreview.com, 30

www.mapquest.com, 265

www.masterfiles.com, 47, 85

www.phonevalidator.com, 174

www.pigear.com, 152

www.tscumsa.com, 96

Internet Explorer, 173

interrogation. See interviews

interviews, 101

neighborhood investigations, 119

notes, 108

memory refreshing, 109

reasons for taking, 109

request for original notes, 109

witness change of story, 109

preparations, 102

recording, 110

CD copies, 111

civil cases, 110

deposition, 110

witness permission, 111

relationship building, 103

resolution to case, 109

review of file, 102

suspects, 105

premise liability case, 105

results billing, 108

witnesses, 103

investigative specialty niche, 21

iPad, 32

iPhone, 96

IRBsearch, 72, 78

J–K

jail visits, 233-234

James-Younger gang, 4

JPEGs, 204, 285

judgment, 77

junction box, 214, 218, 220

just answer it rule, exceptions, 300

justice courts, 62, 64

kidnapper vans, 26

L

landlines, 43, 211

last-known address, diligent search, 256

law enforcement (LE), 223

experience, 5, 13

lazy detectives, 113

local agencies, diligent search, 263

phone numbers obtained by, 92

lawsuits, neighborhood investigations, 119

LE. See law enforcement

legalities, electronic surveillance, 221

Lewinsky, Monica, 222

liability insurance, 18

licenses, 16

examination, 17

states not licensing, 16

Lincoln, Abraham, 4

LinkedIn, 43

liquidation, 67

local law enforcement agencies, diligent search, 263

Locate Plus, 78

lying in court, 278

M

magnetic media, 28

Magnum, P.I., 26

make-it-up-in-volume strategy, 22

marketing, police experience and, 13

marriage records, 7

medical records, 178

memory cards, 28

Merlin, 78

Microsoft Word, 27

military

diligent search, 267

intelligence, 14

locators, 53

missing child report, 197

motor vehicle records, skip tracing and, 43

Motorola Razr cell phone, 96

moving surveillance, 135

avoiding confrontation, 147

case, 147-148

checklist, 150

lesson learned, 148

mistake, 147

billing, 145

cover between you and subject, 146

foot surveillance, 139

carry an iPad or other tablet computer, 140

change your appearance, 139

don’t get in front of subject, 139

keep something between you and subject, 139

gated communities, 145

GPS technology, 150

device selection, 152

reports real-time data, 151

telephone, 151

travels of vehicle, 151

U.S. Supreme Court ruling, 152

ways to track subject, 150

one-man surveillance, 135

don’t play follow the leader, 137

do play follow the leader, 138

exit plan, 137

following the other person, 136

know where subject is going, 136

tapping equipment, 136

traffic lights, 146

two-man surveillance, 140

broadcasting of position in the blind, 141

case, 143

communication, 140

data searches from field, 144

information, 143

point man, 141

positioning, 142

purpose, 142

recon on subject’s house, 142

running commentary, 141

walkie-talkies, 140

N

name search, 241

license tag, 242

methods, 241

National Crime Information Center (NCIC), 198, 261

national criminal check, 251

National Student Clearing House, 252

National Victim Notification Network, 52

NCIC. See National Crime Information Center

neighborhood investigations, 113

arbitration, 120

discretion, 119

FBI, 114

fraudulent activity, 121

interviews, 119-120

know-it-all person, 114

lawsuits, 119

lazy law enforcement, 113

lead development, 115

mechanics, 115

example, 116

getaway car, 116

knocking on doors, 115

premise liability case, 117

thumbing through mail, 114

workmen’s compensation fraud case, 122

next best evidence, 34

Nikon camera, 27

no hit, no fee searches, 79

no-fault divorce states, 178

nonpublished number, 84

Northern California Innocence Project, 232

notes

interview, 108

memory refreshing, 109

reasons for taking, 109

request for original, 109

witness change of story, 109

nursing homes, 295

O–P–Q

official records (OR), 46, 59

on-the-job training, 14

one-man surveillance, 135

optical zooms, 29

OR. See official records

PACER database, 50, 65-66

PallTech, 78

paperwork, 11

paranoia, 211

partnership agreements, 58

password protected phone, 97

percentage for recovery, 106

perjured testimony, 224, 234

personal protection, 8

phone tap, definition, 211

photographs

child custody issues, 185

crime scene, 226

family law cases, 182

identifiable subject, 29

JPEGs, 285

runaway teenagers, 204

software manipulation, 28

time and date notation, 31

PI Magazine, 16, 20

PI work, 3

adopted children

desire for privacy, 8

finding birth parents, 7

client service, 6

creativity, 9

deadbeat parents, 7

document retrieval, 5

example, 7

gaining entry into field, 4

law enforcement or military, 5

methods, 4

on-the-job experience, 5

honesty, 3

impartiality, 3

in-house investigations, 5

missing individuals, 7

most important client, 3

niches, 5

origins, 4

paperwork, 11

personal protection, 8

process servers, 6

public records, 5

right to privacy, 10

skip tracing, 7

social networking sites, 7

state marriage records, 7

subpoenas, 6

tedium, 11

thinking sideways, 8

pinhole-lens camera, 191

Pinkerton, Allan, 4

plaintiff, 63

plead down, 246

point man, 141

police approach, criminal defense cases, 225

police experience, 13

post office, mail forwarding, 258

pre-employment background check, 250

credit report, 252

criminal record search, 251

driving records, 252

educational verification, 252

national criminal history search, 251

reasons, 240

Social Security trace, 252

premise liability case, 105

case, 117

inciting incident, 117

prenuptial investigations, 247

preponderance of the evidence, 225

pretext call, 86

pretexting, 157

case, 160

description, 157

employment information, 159

example, 159

law, 157

subject identification, 158

travel details, 160

prison and jail visits, 233

county jail, 233

privacy, 234

scheduling, 233

prison system, diligent search, 264

privacy

expectation, 189

infidelity and, 172

laws, 19

right to, 10

spouse’s computer, 177

Private Heat, 11

private investigation, cardinal rule, 290

privilege, 296

Pro Bono, 72

process servers, 6, 292

professional PI, 13

bonds, 18

clients, finding, 20-21

documented experience, 14

financial rewards, 21

insurance, 14, 18

internet, 22

interns, 14

job search, skills and experience, 15-16

licenses, 16-17

looking for job, 15

make-it-up-in-volume strategy, 22

military intelligence, 14

mistake, 22

on-the-job training, 14

police experience, 13

privacy laws, 19

reciprocity, 17-18

skill sets, 14

property appraiser, 61

proprietary data, 80

public records

information found, 80

retrieving, 5

R

radio frequency (RF) energy, 210

railroading, 4

real property, 59, 246

reciprocity, 17-18

recorded statement, 276

reorganization, 67

reports, 283

charges for writing, 281

FBI 302, 284

inadequate reporting skills, 271

JPEG photographs, 285

results billing, 108

retainer, 286-287

RF energy. See radio frequency energy

right to privacy, 10

rule of evidence, 34

runaway teenagers, 195

ATM transactions, 206

case, 207

cell phone tracking, 206

credit card use, 205

emotions, 207

evaluation of situation, 196

ex spouse, 201

example case, 200

JPEG photographs, 204

options, 200

police department, 197-198

relying on other parents, 202

scenario, 195

startup of investigation, 196

tracking them down, 199-200

running commentary, 141

S

Samsung A460 cell phone, 96

search engine optimization (SEO), 22

search firms, 251

Secret Service, 66

secretary, 35, 284, 293

Securitas, 4

security guard services, 8

SEO. See search engine optimization

Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, 267

sexually transmitted disease (STD), 178

single-lens reflex (SLR) camera, 15, 27

skip tracing, 39

business, 21

ChoicePoint, 49

databases, public, 45, 49

Death Master File, 47-49

password, 48

search price, 47

definition, 7

example case, 54

family and friends, 42

genealogy websites, 48

jailbird, 51

landlines, disconnection, 43

military locators, 53

motor vehicle records, 43

names, 40-41

official records, 46

parolees, 52

search, 40

sending message via SSN or IRS, 50

social network, 43

Social Security Death Master File search, 47-49

Social Security truncation, 49

county clerk’s office, 50

Death Master File, 50

driver’s license data, 50

need for number, 49

PACER database, 50

solutions, 50

subscription databases, 50

spouses, 44

SkipMax, 78

Skipsmasher, 79

SLR camera. See single-lens reflex camera

smartphones

apps, 95

broadband connections, 144

butt dialed, 96

mining, 93

popular, 96

social networking sites

Facebook, 7, 43-44

LinkedIn, 43

skip tracing, 43

Social Security

Administration, sending message via, 50

Death Master File search, 47-49

number, truncated, 79

trace, 252

truncation, 49-50

county clerk’s office, 50

Death Master File, 50

driver’s license data, 50

need for number, 49

PACER database, 50

solutions, 50

subscription databases, 50

Sony, infrared night shot capability, 30

spoofing service, 90

Sprint, 96

Spydialer, 94

standard of impartiality, 290

state civil court system, 61

case, 62

circuit courts, 62

civil actions, money amounts, 62

county courts, 62

court actions, complaint, 63

defendant, 63

higher civil courts, 62

justice courts, 62

lower civil courts, 63

plaintiff, 63

superior courts, 62

supreme courts, 62

state criminal courts, 64

state law enforcement records, diligent search, 263

state marriage records, 7

statements

impeached testimony, 277

law concerning the recording of communications, 276

recorded, 276

duplicate, 282

equipment, 283

format, 280

Windows Media Audio, 283

signed, format, 280

telephone conversation, recording, 276

written, 276

stationary surveillance, 123

cover setup, 128

empty houses, 129-130

fixed mobile surveillance, 126

fixed surveillance, 124

case, 125

caution, 126

site, 126

team, 124

getting burned, 124

methods, 124

nosy neighbors, 130

confrontational situations, 131

what to tell, 131

planning, 134

police, 132

interaction with, 133

risk in notifying, 132

preemptive actions, 132

site selection, 124

vigilance, 133

STD. See sexually transmitted disease

subpoena, 289

acceptance, 291

definition, 6

not responding to, 292

subscription databases, 78

Enformion, 78

FMS Research, 78

IRBsearch, 78

Locate Plus, 78

Merlin, 78

no hit, no fee searches, 79

PallTech, 78

SkipMax, 78

Skipsmasher, 79

TLO, 79

Tracers Information Specialists, 79

superior courts, 62, 64

supreme courts, 62

surveillance. See also moving surveillance

communication, 127

electronic, 220

alligator clips, 220

bugs, 209-210

butt set, 215

cable television junction boxes, 218

caller ID, 220

case, 218

countermeasure sweep, 209-210

countersurveillance, 209

home phone lines, 213

home search, 213

inside job, 213

junction box, 214, 218, 220

landline telephone line, 211

laws, 221

legalities, 221

outside job, 214

paranoia, 211

phone lines outside the house, 214

phone tap, definition, 211

recorder hidden by spouse, 214

telephone interface, 221

telephone line, locating, 219

telephone operation, 216

telephone wires, 219

terminology, 210

threat evaluation, 211-213

wireless communication, 211

wiretaps, 209-210

logs, 35

most common type, 124

nighttime, 33

point man, 141

suspect interrogation, 105

premise liability case, 105

results billing, 108

Symbian, 96

T

T-Mobile, 96

tablet computer, 32

tapping equipment, 136

taxable obligations, diligent search, 268

teenagers, runaway, 195

ATM transactions, 206

case, 207

cell phone tracking, 206

credit card use, 205

emotions, 207

evaluation of situation, 196

ex spouse, 201

example case, 200

JPEG photographs, 204

options, 200

police department, 197-198

relying on other parents, 202

scenario, 195

startup of investigation, 196

tracking them down, 199-200

telephone

caller ID, 171

conversation, recording, 276

junction box, 220

landline, 43, 211, 214

numbers, diligent search, 262

operation, 216

records, 245

tapping of neighbor’s, 214

two-party rule, 221

Telephone Records and Privacy Act of 2006, 95

telephone secrets, 83

area codes, changing, 84

caller ID, 89

automatic number identification, 89

spoofing, 86, 90

case, 88

cell forensics, 96

cell phones

acquisition type performed on, 97

categories, 96

FAQs, 94

logical examination, 97

mining, 93

physical acquisition, 97

SIM cards, 97

data brokers, illegal means to obtain data, 86

GSM phones, 97

location of pay phones, 88

myth of untraceable prepaid cell phone, 92

nonpublished number, 84

other sources of nonpublished numbers, 87

password protected phone, 97

pretext call, 86

request to operator, 84

smartphones, 95-96

spoofing service, 90

telephone break, 85

theft of information, 87

utility records, 87

verifying nonpublished numbers, 83

telephone wires, 219

testimony

forms, 289

grand jury, 300

investigator’s, 272

perjured, 224, 234

travel expenses, 292

throw-away cell phone, 92

TLO, 79

tools of the trade

automobile, 26

binoculars, 33

camera, 26

Canon EOS 5D Mark III, 27

dark venues, 29

digital zoom, 29

documenting crime scenes and locations, 27

documenting injuries, 27

evidence of suspected behavior, 27

facial recognition, 29

fast shutter speed, 29

features, 27

infrared night shot capability, 30

ISO speed of 3200 or 6400, 29

megapixels, 28

optical zooms, 29

photographs, 29, 31

shooting, 30

single-lens reflex, 27

situations calling for, 26

software manipulation of photographs, 28

storage media, 28

super-long lens, 29

video camera, purchase, 30

visual of subject, 26

zoom capabilities, 28

computer choice, 31

best product available, 31

fast internet connection, 31

power, 31

RAM, 32

computer peripherals, 32

CD/DVD burner, 32

color printer, 32

external hard drive, 32

digital recorder, 36

DVD burner, 33-34

intangible, 25

largest customer market, 33

magnetic media, consideration, 28

product, 25

tablet computer, 32

example case, 32

iPad, 32

value, 32

written report, 35-36

TransUnion, 74

trash covers, 155

grab and run, 156

latex gloves, 157

law, 155

reality, 157

state’s statutes, 156

switcheroo, 156

techniques, 156

travel expenses, 293

tricks of the trade, 155

pretexting, 157

case, 160

description, 157

employment information, 159

example, 159

law, 157

subject identification, 158

travel details, 160

proving hotel stay

case, 163

pretrial hearing, 164

trash covers, 155

grab and run, 156

latex gloves, 157

law, 155

reality, 157

state’s statutes, 156

switcheroo, 156

techniques, 156

workmen’s compensation insurance, 162

law, 163

video surveillance, 162

Tripp, Linda, 222

Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009, 91

two-man surveillance, 140

case, 143

communication, 140

broadcasting of position in the blind, 141

point man, 141

running commentary, 141

walkie-talkies, 140

data searches from field, 144

laptop computer or tablet with a cellular modem, 144

smartphones with broadband connections, 144

information, 143

case, 143

key objective, 144

positioning, 142

purpose, 142

recon on subject’s house, 142

two-party rule, 221

U

UCC listings. See Uniform Commercial Code listings

unexpected moment, 182

Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) listings, 73

U.S. Party/Case Index, 66

U.S. postal inspectors, 189

USB bus, 28

utility records

diligent search, 266

telephone secrets, 87

V

van configurations, surveillance, 126

vehicle, 26

video

converting to DVD, 33

DVD burner, 282

goal while producing, 34

surveillance, workmen’s compensation case, 162

video camera, 30

Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP), 93

VOIP. See Voice Over Internet Protocol

W–X–Y–Z

walkie-talkies, 140

web-based client interface, 250

websites

creation, 249

Defense Manpower Data Center, 267

Enformion, 78

Equifax, 74

Experian, 74

Federal Bureau of Prisons, 51

findmyskip.com, 50

FMS Research, 78

G.A. Public Record Services, 251

genealogy, 48

GlobalTrackingGroup.com, 152

International Research Bureau, 72

IRBsearch, 78

Locate Plus, 78

Merlin, 78

mistake PIs make, 22

National Background Data, 251

National Student Clearing House, 252

National Victim Notification Network, 52

need for, 22

Omni Data Retrieval, 251

PallTech, 78

Phoenix Research, 251

property appraisers, 46

Public Access to Court Electronic Records, 65

SkipMax, 78

Skipsmasher, 47, 79, 85, 93

spydialer.com, 93

TLO, 50, 79

Tracers Information Specialists, 47, 50, 79

TransUnion, 74

TSCM/Special Operations Group, 34

www.555-1212.com, 85

www.bop.gov, 264

www.dalmaninvestigations.com/id7.html, 177

www.dpreview.com, 30

www.mapquest.com, 265

www.masterfiles.com, 47, 85

www.phonevalidator.com, 174

www.pigear.com, 152

www.tscumsa.com, 96

Windows Media Audio (WMA), 283

Windows Media Player, 28

Windows mobile, 96

wireless communication, 211

wiretaps, 209-210

witnesses

change of story, 109

civil case, 236

criminal defense cases, 231

depositions, 110, 294

expert, 236

fee, 292

grand jury, 300

interview, 103

karma, 232

misstating of statements, 290

payment desired by, 235

permission to record interview, 111

recorded statement, 278

reluctant, 294

sympathy, 277

testimony impeachment, 277

WMA. See Windows Media Audio

work product, 296

example, 297

jury, 298

misconception, 299

opposing counsel, 296

prison and jail visits, 234

privilege, 296

rule, 296

workmen’s compensation

evidence, 272

fraud case, 122

insurance, 162-163

written report, 35

appearance, 35

high-quality product, 36

secretary, 35

surveillance logs, 35

written statement, 276

zoom lenses, 28