Index – The Semantics-Pragmatics Controversy

Index

accessibility 1

accessibility of information 1, 2, 3

ad-hoc concept 1, 2, 3

– formation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 78, 9

alternative propositions 1

ambiguity 1

applied timeless meaning of utterance-types 12

argument structure 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

attributive category 1, 2, 3

autism

– comprehension of irony 1, 2

– comprehension of metaphor 1, 2

– comprehension of speaker intentions 1

– comprehension of utterance meaning 1

availability principle 1, 2, 3, 4

background assumptions 12, 3

background knowledge 1, 2

bridging inference 1, 2

clausal implicature 1

co-composition 1, 2

co-operative principle 1, 2

coercion 1, 2, 3

– aspectual 1, 2, 3, 45

– complement 1, 2, 3, 45

coercion operator 1, 2

collocation 1

common ground 1, 2

communicative sense 12, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 1617, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

completion see pragmatic processes

concept

– atomic 1, 2

– encyclopaedic entry 1

– lexical entry 1

– logical entry 1

conceptual differentiation 1, 2, 3, 4

conceptual frame 1

conceptual shift 1, 2, 3, 4

constraints on discourse interpretation

– Equality by Default 1

– maximise discourse coherence 1

constructive solution 1, 2

context

– broad 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

– intrasentential 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

– Kaplanian 1

– narrow 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 910, 11, 12, 13, 14

– situational 1

context-insensitive expressions 1, 2

context-sensitive expressions 1, 2

contextualism 1, 2

– moderate 1

– radical 1

conventionalisation 1

conventionality of meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

– degrees of 1, 2

– degree of 1

conventional meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

conventions of language 12, 3

conventions of language use 12, 3

conversational implicature 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 1314, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

– and meaning change 1

– cancellability of 12, 34

– generalised 1, 23

as im-plicature 1

truth-conditional effect of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

– particularised 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 67, 8, 9, 10

default inference 1

default interpretation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

deictic centre 1

denotation 1

disambiguation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15

Dthat-operator 1

dual pragmatists 1

event structure 1, 2, 3

expansion see pragmatic processes, 1, 2

experimental results

– on coercion 12

– on GCIs 12, 34

– on homonymy 12

– on idioms 1

– on irony 12

– on metaphor 12, 3, 4, 56

– on minimal propositions 12

– on polysemy 12

– on semantic composition 1

– on semantic vs. pragmatic processing 12

explicature 1, 23, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 1112, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

– cancellability of 1, 2

– clarifying of 1, 2, 3

expression meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 78

extension 1, 2, 3

fixing indexicals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

FrameNet 1, 2

– lexical unit 1, 2, 3

– semantic frame 1, 23

frame element 1, 2

inheritance relations 1, 2, 3, 4

Frame Semantics 1

frequency of use 1, 2, 3

functional application 1

graded informativeness condition 1

graded salience hypothesis 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Grice’s circle 1, 2, 3, 4

heuristics 1, 2

– I-heuristic 1, 2

– M-heuristic 1

– Q-heuristic 1, 2

hidden indexicals 1, 2, 3, 4

homonymy 12, 3, 4, 5

idiom 1, 2, 3, 45, 6

– familiar 1, 2

illocutionary force 1, 2

illocutionary force indicating device 1

implemented intentions 1

implication 1, 2

implicature

– short-circuited 1, 2

impliciture 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

– cancellability of 1

implicit meaning 1

implicit meaning aspects 1, 2, 34, 5, 6, 78, 9

implicit meaning content 1

indirect speech report 12

intension 1, 2

Inter-Contextual Disquotational Indirect Report Test 1

interpretation function 1

ironical understatement 1, 2

ironic criticism 1

ironic praise 1

irony 1, 2, 3, 45, 6, 78

– as indirect negation 12

– classical view 1

– in Grice’s theory 1

– in Relevance Theory 12

– metaphoric 1

critique 12

language of thought 1, 2, 3

lexicalisation 1

lexical entry 1, 2, 34, 56, 7, 8, 9

lexical inheritance structure 1

lexical meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

– as conceptual schemata 1, 2

– in the lexicon 12

intermediate approach 1, 23

maximalist approach 12

minimalist approach 1, 23, 4

lexicon

– core meaning approach 12, 3

– sense enumeration approach 1, 2

– underspecification approach 1, 2, 34

literally 1, 2

Literal First Serial Model 1

literal force hypothesis 1

literal meaning

– alternative views of 12, 34

– as compositional meaning 12

– as context-independent 12

– primacy of 12, 3, 4, 5, 6

Local Pragmatic Processing Model 1

loose use of expressions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

making as if to say 1, 2

maxims of conversation 1, 2

– maxim of Manner 1

– maxim of quality 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

– maxim of Quantity 1, 2

maxim of truthfulness see maxim of quality

meaning

– character 1, 2

– content 1, 2

– encoded vs. represented 1

– explicit 1

– implicit 1

– levels of 1

– m-literal 12

– p-literal 1, 2

– p-non-literal 1

– primary 1, 2

– secondary 12, 3, 4

– t-literal 12

meaning adjustment 1

meaning change 1, 2

meaning eliminativism 1

meaning variation 1

– non-systematic 1, 2

– systematic 1

mental module 1

met-operator 12, 3

metaphor 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 78, 910, 11, 12, 1314, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

– and attributive categories 12

– and conceptual mappings 1, 2

– and literal meaning suppression 1

– aptness of 1

– familiar 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

– neural correlates of 1

– source and target domains 1

– topic 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

– vehicle 12, 3, 4, 5

metaphorical interpretation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

metarepresentation

– first-order 1, 2

– higher-order 1

– second-order 1, 23

metonymic interpretation 1, 2

metonymic shift 1, 2, 34, 5

metonymy 12, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 1112, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

minimal meaning 1, 2

– interactional meaning as 1, 2, 3

– linguistic meaning as 12, 3

– salient meaning as 1, 23, 4

minimal semantics 1

– and GCIs 1

Mthat operator 1, 2, 3

mutual parallel adjustment 1, 2, 3, 4

negation 1

– direct 1, 2

– indirect 1, 2, 3

non-conventional meaning 1

non-ironical false-hoods 1, 2

non-literal meaning

– alternative views of 12, 34

– and conventionality 12

– automatic understanding of 1

non-sentential assertions 1, 2

occasion meaning of utterance-types 1, 2

performative verb 1

personal level 1, 2, 3

– sub- 1, 2, 3

plausibility violation 1, 2

polysemy 1, 23, 4

– systematic 12, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

possible primary meanings 1, 2

pragmatic intrusion 1, 2, 3, 4

pragmatic modulation 1

pragmatic processes 1

– completion 1, 2, 3

– expansion 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

– free 1

– free enrichment 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 1011, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

and implicit meaning 12

– linguistically mandated 1, 2, 3, 4

– local 1

– non-linguistically mandated 1

– primary 12, 3

– primary vs. secondary 12

– saturation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

– secondary 12, 3

preferred interpretation 1, 2, 3, 4

principle of compositionality 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

principle of relevance 1, 2

proposition 1

– expressed 1, 23, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

– literal 1

– minimal 1, 2, 3, 4, 56, 7, 8, 910, 11, 12

propositional radical 1

prototype 1

– theory 1

qualia structure 1, 2, 3

quantifier scope 1, 2, 3

Ranked Parallel Model 1

reference resolution 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

reinterpretation 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Relevance Theory 1

– and irony 12

– and metaphor 12

Representational Hypothesis 1, 2

right hemisphere 1

roots 1, 2

salience 1, 2

– of discourse referents 1

salient meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

– less- 1

– non- 1, 2

scalar implicature 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

– processing of 12

scope criterion 1

scope principle 1

Segmented Discourse Representation Theory 1, 2, 3

– discourse referents 1, 2

– discourse relations 1, 2, 3

selection 1

semantics

– formal 1, 2, 3

– linguistic 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

– real 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

semantics/pragmatics distinction 1, 2, 3, 45

– in Relevance Theory 1

semantic composition 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

– neural correlate of 1

semantic content 1, 2

– minimal 1, 2

semantic interpretation 1, 2, 3, 4

semantic relations 12, 3

sense elaboration 1, 2, 3

sense extension 1, 2

sentence-nonliterality 1, 2, 3

sentence-types relativised to context of utterance 1

sentence meaning 12, 34, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

– relativised to context of utterance 1, 2

– sub-propositional 1

SF-parameters 12, 3, 4

sortal shift 1

speaker intentions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 78, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 2526, 27, 2829, 30, 31, 3233, 34, 35

– assumptions about 1, 2

speaker meaning 1, 2, 3, 4

speech act 1, 23, 4, 56

– and sentence types 1

– direct 1, 23, 4, 5, 6

– indirect 12, 3, 4, 56

conventionalised 1, 2

parallel model 1, 2

serial model 1, 2

speech act content 1, 23

standardised inferences 1

standard pragmatic view 1, 2, 3

stereotype 12, 3

stereotypical interpretation 1

stereotypical readings 1

Strength Condition 1

suppression 1, 2

Syntactic Correlation Constraint 1

syntactic ellipsis 12

theory of mind 1, 2

timeless meaning of utterance-types 1, 2

transparency condition 1, 2, 3

truth-evaluable 1, 2, 3, 4

– proposition 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

– utterance 1

truth conditions 1, 23, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13

– actual 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

– liberal 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Two Level Semantics 1

type shifting 1, 2, 3

unarticulated constituents 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

underspecification

– and conventionality 12

– and semantic relations 12

– in the lexicon 12

– of discourse referents 1, 2, 3

– of lexical meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

and conventionality 1, 2

vs. polysemy 12

– of semantic composition 12

use of utterance

– descriptively 1, 2, 3

– echoic 1, 2, 3, 4

– interpretively 1, 2, 3

utterance-token-meaning 1

utterance-type meaning 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

utterance meaning 1, 23, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 1213, 14, 1516, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 2223, 2425, 2627, 28, 29, 30, 31, 3233, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38

– strengthened 1

utterance meaning vs. communicative sense see what is said vs. what is meant

utterer’s occasion meaning 12, 3, 4

variadic function 1

what is implicated 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

what is implied see what is implicated

what is meant 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 78, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 1718, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

what is said 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 910, 11, 1213, 14, 1516, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 2425, 2627, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32

what is said vs. what is meant

– and distinct knowledge systems 12

– and indirect speech reports 12

– differentiation 12