In a simpler sense, artificial intelligence is all about giving machines the ability to perform intelligently. For example, many of us can play chess. Essentially, we do this first by learning the fundamentals of playing the game and then we engage ourselves in actually playing the game with others. But can machines do this? Can machines learn on their own and play the game of chess with us?
AI attempts to make this possible by giving us the power to synthesize what we call intelligence in terms of some rules and instill it into machines. Machines as mentioned here can be anything that can compute. For example, it could be software or a robot.
There are actually several types of AI. The popular ones are the following:
- Fuzzy systems
- Expert systems
- ML systems
The final type sounds the most familiar here. We will get to it in the next section. But before we proceed with it, it is a good time to take a look at some of the points that enable the AI advancements we are witnessing today.