Notes – Indian Politics in Comparative Perspective

Chapter 1

 

1. Andrew Heywood, Politics (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002), p. 12.

2. Eckstein Harry, ‘A Perspective on Comparative Politics, Past and Present,’ in Harry Eckstein and David E. Apter (eds), Comparative Politics: A Reader (New York: Macmillan, 1963).

3. Ibid.

4. Andrew Heywood, Politics, p. 13.

5. Rod Hague et al, Comparative Government and Politics (London: Macmillan Press, 1992), p. 31.

6. Ibid., p. 32.

7. Ibid., p. 34.

8. Rod Hague et al, Comparative Government and Politics (London: Macmillan Press, 1992), p. 35.

9. Andrew Heywood, Politics, p. 15.

10. Ibid., p. 15.

11. Ibid.

12. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010), p. 3.

13. Ibid., p. 4.

14. Rajesh Kumar Singh, ‘The Nature of the State,’ in M.P Singh and Himanshu Roy (eds) Indian Political System.

15. Atul Kohli, Democracy and Discontent: India's Growing Crisis of Governability (Cambridge University Press, 1991), p. 304.

16. Rajni Kothari, Rethinking Democracy (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 2005).

17. Rajni Kothari, Politics in India (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1970).

18. Morris Jones, Politics Mainly Indian (Madras: Orient Longman, 1978).

19. Morris Jones, Dominance and Dissent (London: University of London, 1966), p. 217.

20. Ibid., p. 218.

21. Ibid., pp 219–20.

22. Morris Jones, ‘From Monopoly to Competition in India's Politics,’ in Politics Mainly Indian (Madras: Orient Longman, 1978), p. 154.

23. Rajni Kothari, Politics in India (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1970).

24. Ibid.

25. Ibid.

26. Ibid.

27. Ibid.

28. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

29. Rudolph, Susanne and Lloyd, In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987).

30. Ibid., p. 224.

31. Susanne Rudolph and Lloyd, In Pursuit of Lakshmi, pp. 400–401.

32. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

33. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

34. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

35. Rajesh Kumar Singh, ‘The Nature of the State,’ in M.P. Singh and Himanshu Roy (eds) Indian Political System, (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 2005).

36. Ralph Miliband, ‘The State,’ in Tom Bottomore (ed) Dictionary of Marxist Thought (Blackwell Reference, 1983), p. 464.

37. Pranab Bardhan, The Political Economy of Development in India (New York: Basil Blkackwell, 1984), p.33

38. Ralph Miliband, The State in Capitalist Society (London: Weidenfield and Nicolson, 1969).

39. Poulantzas Nicos, Political Power and Social Classes (London: New Left Book, 1973), pp. 331–340

40. Rajesh Kumar Singh, ‘The Nature of the State,’ in M.P. Singh and Himanshu Roy (eds) Indian Political System (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 2005).

41. Ibid.

42. Mohit Sen, ‘Indian Monopoly - Necessity and Possibility of Elimination,’ in his Monopolies and Public Policy (New Delhi: People's Publishing House, 1972).

43. Quoted in SUCI-CPM Polemic (Calcutta: Gandabi, 1984), p. 71.

44. T. Nagi Reddy, India Mortgaged (Anantpur: 1978), p. 10.

45. Ibid., p. 22.

46. Yogendra Yadav, ‘Theories of the Indian State,’ in Seminar, No. 367, March 1990, p. 18.

47. Hamza Alavi, ‘The State in Post-Colonial Societies,’ in Kathleen Gough and H.P. Sharma (eds) Imperialism and Revolution in South Asia (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1973), p.147.

48. Ibid., p.147.

49. Hamza Alavi, ‘Character of State in Pakistan,’ in V.D. Chopra (ed), Studies in Indo-Pak Relations (New Delhi: Patriot Publishers, 1984), p. 43.

50. Hamza Alavi, ‘State and Class,’ in Hamza Alavi and T.Shanin (eds), Introduction to the Sociology of Developing Societies (London: Macmillan, 1982), p. 297.

51. As quoted in Singh Rajesh Kumar, ‘The Nature of the State,’ in M.P. Singh and Himanshu Roy (eds) Indian Political System (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 2005).

52. Pranab Bardhan, No. 36, p. 37.

53. Ibid.

54. Ibid.

55. Ibid.

56. Anupam Sen, The State, Industrialization and Class Formations in India: A Neo-Marxist Perspective in Colonialism, Underdevelopment and Development (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982).

57. Rajesh Kumar Singh, ‘The Nature of the State,’ in M.P Singh and Himanshu Roy (eds) Indian Political System (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 2005).

58. Achin Vanaik, The Painful Transition: Bourgeois Democracy in India (London: Verso, 1990).

59. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

60. Ibid.

61. Ibid.

62. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

63. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

64. Ibid.

65. Partha Chatterjee, ‘The State,’ in Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehta (eds), The Oxford Companion to Politics in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010).

66. Thomas Pantham, ‘Beyond Liberal Democracy: Thinking with Mahatma Gandhi,’ in Thomas Pantham and Kenneth. L. Deutsch (eds) Political Thought in Modern India (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1986).

67. Sarvodaya Gandhi, (Ahmedabad: Navjivan, 1954), pp. 95–97.

68. Ibid., p. 74.

69. Ibid.

70. Ibid.

71. Gandhi in Harijan (1 February 1942), p. 27.

72. Gandhi, Nonviolence in Peace and War, Vol. 1, p. 353, and Vol. 2, (Ahmedabad: Navjivan, 1942), p. 61.

73. Thomas Pantham, ‘Beyond Liberal Democracy: Thinking with Mahatma Gandhi,’ in Thomas Pantham and Kenneth. L. Deutsch (eds) Political Thought in Modern India (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1986).

74. Christian Bay, Strategies of Political Emancipation (University of Notre Dame Press, 1981, & Bombay: Somaiya, 1982), p. 21.

75. Pateman, Carole, ‘Sublimation and456.

78. Brian Fay, Social Theory and Political Practice (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1975), p. 46.

79. Gandhi, Sarvodaya, (Ahmedabad: Navjivan, 1954), p.74.

80. Gandhi, Constructive Programme (Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1945), pp. 8–9.

81. Gandhi, Democracy: Real and Deceptive (Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House, 1961) Compiled by R.K. Prabhu, p. 45.

82. Ibid., p. 70.

83. Ibid., p. 30.

84. Ibid., pp. 4–5.

85. Ibid., pp. 73–74.

86. Gandhi, Harijan (2 January, 1937).

87. As quoted in Ramjee Singh's ‘Ram Rajya: A model government of the twentieth century,’ in Arun Chaturvedi (ed), Indian Contribution to Political Science (Jaipur: Printwell Publishers, 1991).

88. Rajesh Kumar Singh, ‘The Nature of the State,’ in M.P Singh and Himanshu Roy (eds) Indian Political System, (New Delhi: Manak Publications, 2005).