Table of Contents – Laser Growth and Processing of Photonic Devices

Table of Contents

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Title page


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Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials


Chapter 1: Laser growth and processing of photonic structures: an overview of fundamentals, interaction phenomena and operations


1.1 Laser processing concepts and processes: an introduction

1.2 Laser radiation, propagation and delivery

1.3 Summary of the interactions of laser radiation with condensed matter

1.4 Radiation absorption and energy transfer

1.5 Materials processing phenomena: appraisal of energy dependencies

1.6 Laser-based materials processing for photonics

1.7 Specific laser processing schemes for photonics applications

1.8 A suite of emerging concepts driving future trends

1.9 Acknowledgements

Part I: Laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures

Chapter 2: Emerging pulsed laser deposition techniques


2.1 Current state-of-the-art in pulsed laser deposition (PLD)

2.2 Problems for growth of thick films and designer refractive index profiles

2.3 Multi-beam PLD

2.4 Use of three different targets: combinatorial growth

2.5 Future work in complex PLD geometries

2.6 Conclusions

2.7 Acknowledgements

Chapter 3: The formation of nanocones on the surface of semiconductors by laser-induced self-assembly


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Experiments and discussion

3.3 Two-stage mechanism of nanocones formation in semiconductors

3.4 Applications in nanoelectronics and optoelectronics

3.5 Conclusions

3.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 4: Fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures by the interference of ultrashort pulse laser beams


4.1 Review of periodic photonic devices induced by the interference of ultrashort pulse laser beams

4.2 Theoretical aspects of the interference of ultrashort pulse laser beams

4.3 Microstructures induced by the interference of two femtosecond laser beams

4.4 Microstructures induced by the interference of multiple femtosecond laser beams

4.5 Transfer of periodic microstructures by the interference of femtosecond laser beams

4.6 Conclusions and future trends

Part II: Laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring

Chapter 5: Multiphoton lithography, processing and fabrication of photonic structures


5.1 Introduction to multiphoton lithography

5.2 Principles of multiphoton absorption and lithography

5.3 Materials for multiphoton lithography

5.4 Applications of multiphoton lithography in photonics

5.5 Future prospects for multiphoton lithography in photonics

Chapter 6: Laser-based micro- and nano-fabrication of photonic structures


6.1 Introduction and motivation

6.2 Fabrication of 2D and 3D photonic micro-structures

6.3 Laser lithography for the fabrication of photonic structures

6.4 Laser lithography based on one-, two- or multiple-photon absorption

6.5 Material modification aspects

6.6 Device design, fabrication and applications

6.7 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 7: Laser-induced soft matter organization and microstructuring of photonic materials


7.1 Introduction

7.2 The origin of radiation forces

7.3 Organization of entangled polymers and hybrids by laser radiation

7.4 Organization and microfabrication by radiation forces: an emerging technology

7.5 Conclusions and future prospects

7.6 Acknowledgments

7.8 Appendix

Chapter 8: Laser-assisted polymer joining methods for photonic devices


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Properties of benzocyclobutene (BCB) polymers for photonic applications

8.3 BCB as a planarization material for fabrication of semiconductor photonic devices

8.4 Laser-assisted polymer bonding for assembly of photonic and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices

8.5 Laser microwelding for assembly of periodic photonic structures

8.6 Conclusions

Part III: Laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices

Chapter 9: Laser seeding and thermal processing of glass with nanoscale resolution


9.1 Introduction

9.2 The regeneration process

9.3 Estimating the retention of nanoscale information in regenerated grating structures

9.4 Conclusions

9.5 Acknowledgements

Chapter 10: Femtosecond-laser-induced refractive index modifications for photonic device processing


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Ultrafast laser interactions with dielectric materials

10.3 Refractive index modification mechanisms

10.4 Photonic device processing

10.5 Photonic devices

10.6 Conclusions

Chapter 11: Thermal writing of photonic devices in glass and polymers by femtosecond lasers


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Femtosecond laser–material interaction in waveguide writing

11.3 Femtosecond laser waveguide writing in glasses

11.4 Waveguide writing in polymers

11.5 Conclusions

11.6 Future trends

Chapter 12: Laser processing of optical fibers: new photosensitivity findings, refractive index engineering and surface structuring


12.1 Introduction and historical overview

12.2 Glass photosensitivity using laser beams

12.3 Correlation of underlying photosensitivity mechanisms with refractive index changes

12.4 Types of photosensitivity in optical fibers

12.5 Grating fabrication in standard, germanosilicate optical fibers

12.6 Grating fabrication in standard, all-silica optical fibers

12.7 Grating fabrication in phosphate and fluoride glass fibers

12.8 Microstructured optical fiber (MOF) gratings

12.9 Laser machining of optical fibers

12.10 Future trends and prospects

12.11 Conclusions

12.12 Acknowledgments