Technical Drawing from the Generic Template Using Illustrator – Flats: Technical Drawing for Fashion

TECHNICAL DRAWING FROM THE GENERIC TEMPLATE USING ILLUSTRATOR

First you need to lay out your garment correctly (see pages 24–25). This step-by-step sequence shows how to make a technical drawing of a jacket using Illustrator and also how to develop different with speed designing.

STEP 1

Open a new document in Illustrator.

File > New

STEP 2

Import your generic template and show the grid. Make sure you align the center-front of your generic template with a vertical line on the grid.

File > Place

View > Show Grid

STEP 3

Select and then group all the objects on the generic template together.

Object > Group

Open up the Color Palette and change the outline of the generic template to a lighter color using the Stroke setting so that the template acts as a guide, rather than as a distraction. Here, it has been changed to yellow.

Window > Color

Using the Pen Tool, draw the outline of one half of the jacket. As you are drawing outerwear, the jacket should be drawn outside the generic template (see page 44). The front edge of the jacket can be drawn over the center-front line to create the necessary overlap.

STEP 4

Always create a balance line at 90ʺ to the center-front line. This will help when mirroring the drawing in STEP 5.

STEP 5

You are now going to create a mirror image of the jacket. Select and group all the objects in the jacket.

Object > Group

Copy and Paste, then, with the jacket selected, select Object > Transform > Reflect, check Vertical and then click OK. Now, using the Direct Selection Tool, reposition the mirrored half of the jacket so it aligns across the balance line you created in STEP 4.

STEP 6

Delete the unwanted overwrap at the front of the jacket. To refine the drawing, raise the underwrap side at the lower edge of the jacket.

STEP 7

You can now tidy up your drawing. Here, the pocket flaps were made less deep. The facing and center-back seam were added. Buttons were also included in the drawing.

STEP 8

At this stage you can also add top stitching using a dashed 0.25pt line.

STEP 9

Finally, delete the template and hide the guides.

BACK VIEWS

To create a back view, copy and paste the front view and delete any unnecessary details. For the drawing of a jacket, it was necessary to create the back of the collar, move and extend the darts, extend the center-back line, and level the hem. A vent was also added and the underwrap was raised at the lower edge.